常见医学名词中英文对照表——放射医学与防护

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明细目录:人体解剖学、传染病、传统中医学、儿科学、免疫学、全科医学与社区卫生、内分泌病学、内科学、创伤学、医学美学与美容、医学遗传学、医疗专业名词、口腔医学、呼吸病学、器官移植学、地方病学、外科学、外科护理、妇产科学、寄生虫病学、小儿外科学、常见手术医学名词、常见疾病医学名词、康复医学、微生物医学、心理学、心血管外科、心血管病学、急诊医学、护理诊断、放射医学与防护、放疗医学、整形外科学、显微外科学、普外科学、普通外科学、泌尿内科学、泌尿外科学、流行病学、消化内镜学、消化系统医学、烧伤医学、烧伤外科学、生理卫生、病理学、症状学、皮肤病学、眼科学、神经外科学、神经病学、精神病学、结核病学、老年医学、耳鼻喉科学、肾脏病学、肿瘤医学、胃肠病学、营养与食品卫生学、血液病学、诊断和治疗常用名词、诊断学、风湿病学、骨伤科学、骨科学、麻醉医学、麻醉学。

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中文名称英文名称
多着丝粒染色体polycentric chromosome
稳定性染色体畸变stabled chromosome aberration
定向剂量当量directional dose equivalent
基线值baseline value
单细胞凝胶电泳single cell gel electrophoresis
DNA印迹法Southern blotting
斑点杂交法dot blotting
抑制消减杂交suppression subtractive hybridization
染色体易位chromosome translocation
基因表达系列分析serial analysis of gene expression
染色体涂染chromosome painting
超分割放射治疗hyperfractionated radiation therapy
线性平方模型linear-quadratic model
常规检验routine test
基因定位gene mapping
放射免疫分析radioimmunoassay
状态检测status test
组蛋白密码histone code
核酸原位杂交nucleic acid in situ hybridization
皮肤放射性污染控制水平control level for skin radioactive contamination
活检组织放射性活度测量measurement of activity in tissue in vitro
医学放射设备medical radiological equipment
志愿者volunteer
医学内照射剂量medical internal radiation dose
血液样本放射性测量measurement of activity in blood sample
胃肠道引流液放射性活度测量measurement of activity in gastrointestinal drainage
代谢组学metabonomics
去铁草酰胺desferrioxamine
居室氡及其子体致肺癌危险risk of lung cancer induced by indoor radon and its progeny
医学物理师medical physicist
内污染医学干预分类classification of medical intervention for internal contamination
增感屏intensifying screen
早期落下灰急性毒性acute toxicity of early fallout
染色体型畸变chromosome type aberration
天然铀急性毒性acute toxicity of natural uranium
诊断参考水平diagnostic reference level
放射性铁分布distribution of radioactive iron
铀排除excretion of uranium
螺旋管solenoid
基线剂量benchmark dose
早期落下灰吸收absorption of early fallout
未观察到有害效应的水平no observed adverse effect level
观察到有害效应的最低水平lowest observed adverse effect level
毒性分级回归toxicity categorical regression
放射性铁排除excretion of radioactive iron
早期落下灰排除excretion of early fallout
放射性钴吸收absorption of radioactive cobalt
等位基因allele
基因组文库clone bank
核装料nuclear charge
早期落下灰分布distribution of early fallout
胃肠道排除excretion via the gastrointestinal tract
汗腺排除excretion via the sweat gland
基于生理学的毒代动力学方法physiologically-based toxico-kinetics
哈勃定律Haber law
排除函数excretion function
显性作用癌基因dominant-acting oncogene
出发点point of departure
放射性锶吸收absorption of radioactive strontium
损伤感应器damage sensor 
核战斗部nuclear warhead
核爆炸装置nuclear explosion device
氢弹hydrogen bomb
内照射致基因突变gene mutation induced by internal irradiation
亚致死性损伤sublethal damage
辐射防护剂radioprotector
肝脏内照射损伤damage of liver induced by internal irradiation
非同源末端连接修复non-homologous end joining repair
全身内照射损伤whole body damage induced by internal irradiation
次黄嘌呤磷酸核糖基转移酶基因hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase gene
细胞坏死necrosis
肾脏内照射损伤damage of kidney induced by internal irradiation
着丝粒centromere
导弹核武器nuclear armed missile
镅分布distribution of americium
核炸弹nuclear bomb
干细胞stem cell
锔分布distribution of curium
含人类2号染色体的中国仓鼠细胞Chinese hamster cell with human chromosome 2
镅排除excretion of americium
凋亡诱导因子apoptosis induced factor
潜在致死性损伤potentially lethal damage
剂量减低因数dose reduction factor
致死性损伤lethal damage
内照射致显性致死突变dominant lethal mutation induced by internal irradiation
核深水炸弹nuclear depth bomb
锎分布distribution of californium
内照射致精子脱氧核糖核酸链断裂strand break of sperm DNA induced by internal irradiation
骨骼内照射损伤damage of bone induced by internal irradiation
次缢痕secondary constriction
细胞因子cytokine
肉瘤sarcoma
氚急性毒性acute toxicity of tritium
阿拉莫戈多试验场Alamogordo test site
博格兰试验场Pokran test site
核爆炸nuclear explosion
核武器事故accident of nuclear weapon
非放射学后果non-radiological consequence
应急响应功能emergency response function
国际核与辐射事件分级表International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale
空中核爆炸air nuclear explosion
响应部门response authority
戈亚尼亚辐射事故Goiânia radiation accident
罗布泊试验场Lop Nor test site
方阿陶法岛试验场Fangataufa Island test site
地下核爆炸underground nuclear explosion
核或辐射应急nuclear or radiation emergency
核军备控制nuclear arms control
埃内韦塔克试验场Enewetak test site
和平利用核爆炸nuclear explosion for peaceful utilization
应急服务emergency service
去污因子decontamination factor
应急照射emergency exposure
锶单位strontium unit
内污染人群癌症流行病学研究epidemiological investigation of cancer in the internal-contaminated   person cohort
放射性核素毒性比较法comparison for radionuclide toxicity
紧急防护行动计划区urgent protective action planning zone
荧光增敏放射自显影术fluorescence sensitized autoradiography
切除修复excision repair
Piwi相互作用RNAPiwi-interacting RNA
DNA单链断裂single-strand breakage
回复修复reverse repair
放射性核素代谢比较法comparison for radionuclide metabolism
烟羽应急计划区plume emergency planning zone
食入应急计划区ingestion emergency planning zone
人消化道模型human alimentary tract model
迟发突变delayed mutation
基因组突变genomic mutation
整体放射自显影术whole-body autoradiography
经伤口吸收absorption from the wound
亲肾性分布kidney­seeking distribution
辐射致遗传效应radiation-induced genetic effect
镭表盘描涂女工radium girls
补救行动remedial action
频数匹配frequency matching
原爆伤害调查委员会Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission
联合分析pooled analysis
混杂因素confounding factor
干预水平intervention level
回忆偏倚recall bias
伯克森偏倚Berkson’s bias 
人群危险预测模型population risk projection model
闪光flash
电离层ionosphere
放射性沾染radioactive contamination
伤情分类injury triage
危机反应crisis reaction
核冬天nuclear winter
焦虑anxiety
技术辅助沟通technology-assisted communication
强直性脊椎炎患者队列研究cohort study on patients with ankylosing spondylitis
应急行动水平emergency action level
早期核辐射initial nuclear radiation
下风向地区downwind area
灾难性反应catastrophic reaction
非清髓异基因造血干细胞移植non-myeloablative allogeneic blood stem cell transplantation
观察对象observed case
功能治疗functional therapy
职业病诊断与鉴定管理办法Administration Regulation for Diagnosis and Judge of Occupational   Diseases
慢性内照射放射损伤chronic damage of internal exposure
感染性休克infection shock
放射性肺硬化症radiation scleredema of lung
社会市场social marketing
慢性放射性直肠炎chronic radiation proctitis
肾功能衰竭renal failure
疾病disease
放射性落下灰危害hazard due to radioactive fallout
鼓膜损伤injure tympanic membrane
呼吸衰竭respiratory failure
免疫性血小板减少性紫癜immune thrombocytopenic purpura
系统性感染反应综合征systemic inflammatory response syndrome
额定装机容量rated maximum source strength
死因别死亡率cause-specific death rate
表观遗传变异epigenetic variation
超额相对危险excess relative risk
有害效应adverse effect
有效剂量effective dose
局部沉降local deposition
M区M area
核钻地弹nuclear earth penetrator
冷中子cold neutron
源器官source organ
辐射敏感性radiosensitivity
剂量-效应曲线dose-effect curve
放射性物质radioactive substance
比例爆高scaled height of explosion
CT剂量模体CT dose phantom
源-轴距source-axis distance
危险参考剂量risk reference dose
钍吸收absorption of thorium
输出屏output screen
影响量influence quantity
核碎片nuclear debris
定群研究fixed cohort study
胎盘屏障placental barrier
植入针implant needle
硼中子俘获治疗boron neutron capture therapy
安全评价safety assessment
原子序数atomic number
次级准直器secondary collimator
快中子治疗fast neutron treatment
贮源器source storage
组织反应tissue reaction
卢瑟福散射Rutherford scattering
伤口监测仪wound monitor
非同位素示踪剂non-isotopic tracer
连续换片器serial changer
含放射性物质消费品consumer goods containing radioactive material
辐射遗传效应genetic effect of radiation
元素周期表periodic table of the elements
爆心explosion center
俄歇电子Auger electron
事故隐患accident potential
原核生物prokaryote
辐射束轴radiation beam axis
医用放射性废物medical radioactive waste
辐射直接作用direct effect of radiation
生物样品个人监测personal monitoring with biology sampling
氧效应oxygen effect
照射野radiation field
毛细血管扩张性共济失调综合征ataxia telangiectasia
放射治疗试运行测试commissioning test in radiotherapy
相对生物效能relative biological effectiveness
瞬时采样grab sampling
放射治疗质量控制quality control in radiotherapy
辐射旁效应radiation induced bystander effect
源监测source monitoring
危害detriment
治疗参数treatment parameter
甲状腺功能仪thyroid function meter
DNA甲基化DNA methylation
后装治疗afterloading therapy
着色性干皮病xeroderma pigmentosum
热增强比thermal enhancement ratio
辐射诱发基因组不稳定性radiation induced genomic instability 
环境采样environmental sampling
再悬浮因子resuspension factor
着丝粒环centric ring
加倍剂量doubling dose
认证许可文件license for certification
放射性脑脊髓病radiation myeloen-cephalopathy
及早通报核事故公约Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accident
放射性甲状腺炎radiation thyroiditis
潜在损害potential damage
放射性颅神经损伤radiation induced neuropathy
[美苏]限制地下核武器试验条约Threshold Test Ban Treaty
全面禁止核试验条约Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
核损害民事责任civil liability for nuclear damage
人体侵害person damage
普通提款权general drawing rights
核责任保险合同contract of liability insurance for nuclear damage
归责imputation
合格证书certificate of conformity
高度危险作业high risk operation
放射性脑损伤radiation induced brain injury
全球公域global commons
申请者applicant
许可证license
危险责任risk liability
民事责任civil liability
侵权行为tortuous
放射性白内障Ⅲ期radiation cataract stage Ⅲ
辐射致支气管肺癌radiation induced lung bronchogenic carcinoma
放射性骨损伤radiation bone injury
衰变曲线decay curve
植入枪implant gun
闪烁下降时间scintillation fall time
康复治疗rehabilitation therapy
急性放射性膀胱炎acute radiation cystitis
康复护理rehabilitation nursing
催吐剂emetic
放射性白内障Ⅱ期radiation cataract stage Ⅱ
康复疗养rehabilitation sanatory
放射性钌排除excretion of radioactive ruthenium
体内活度测量方法measuring method of activity in body
辐射发生器radiation generator
核激发态nuclear excited state
最初响应人员first responder
心理障碍mental disorder
癌基因oncogene
X射线源组件X-ray source assembly
放射性白内障Ⅰ期radiation cataract stage Ⅰ
核探测器灵敏体积sensitive volume of nuclear detector
化学物特异性调节系数chemical-specific adjustment factor
病因概率probability of causation
阻滞retardation
相对危险relative risk
放射流行病学表radioepidemiological tables
癌症基线率baseline cancer rate
姐妹染色单体sister chromatid
职业病诊断标准diagnostic criterion of occupational disease
放射性皮肤癌radiation induced skin cancer
健康权health right
职工伤亡事故injured and fatal accident of staff
外照射剂量学external radiation dosimetry
石墨量热计graphite calorimeter
电解沉积electrolytic deposition
法规regulation
职业病待遇compensation of occupational disease
残疾disability
Epicure软件Epicure software
职业性放射性疾病报告单report form of occupational radiation sickness
猝灭校正quench correction
归因份额assigned share
粒子注量particle fluence
能注量energy fluence
辐射化学radiation chemistry
放射性平衡radioactive equilibrium
放射生态学radioecology
国际单位制International System of Units
核武器杀伤效应effect of injury due to nuclear weapon
质能转移系数mass-energy transfer coefficient
核武器nuclear weapon
放射化学radiochemistry
衣下烧伤under clothing burn
热原子化学hot atom chemistry
挥发分离volatilization separation
放射性测量本底background in radioactive measurement
放射防护radiological protection
放射性疾病radiation-induced disease
感生放射性induced radioactivity
粒子注量率particle fluence rate
热室hot laboratory
质量衰减系数mass attenuation coefficient
电离辐射ionizing radiation
受众audience
活度浓度activity concentration
活化废物activated waste
胶片剂量计film dosimeter
辐射光致发光剂量计radio-photolu-minescence dosimeter
离子束分析ion beam analysis
天然放射性核素natural radionuclide
放射性活度activity
同位素稀释分析isotope dilution analysis
超铀元素transuranium element
热释光剂量计thermoluminescence dosimeter
tritium
重铬酸盐剂量计dichromate dosimeter
扰动修正因子perturbation correction factor
载体carrier
超重元素superheavy element
全吸收量热计total absorbing calorimeter
子体核素daughter nuclide
固体剂量计solid state dosimeter
热释光探测器thermoluminescence detector
X射线管电流X-ray tube current
定标器scaler
气泡探测器bubble detector
焦点标称值nominal focal spot value
N型高纯锗探测器N-type high purity Ge detector
样本变异系数sample coefficient of variation
电荷灵敏前置放大器charge sensitive preamplifier
自给能中子探测器self-powered neutron detector
深部X射线治疗机deep X-ray therapy machine
仪器示值误差indication error of instrument
自猝灭盖革-米勒计数管self-quenched Geiger-Müller counter tube
光中子源photoneutron source
辐射化学产额radiation chemical yield
强贯穿辐射strongly penetrating radiation
源表观活度apparent activity
弱贯穿辐射weakly penetrating radiation
闪烁计数器scintillation counter
核衰变nuclear decay
电磁相互作用electromagnetic interaction force
α衰变alpha decay
衰变常量decay constant
μ子muon
质量阻止本领mass stopping power
介子meson
质量保证quality assurance
放射性铯排除excretion of radioactive caesium
正电子湮没辐射positron annihilation radiation
衰变分支比decay branching ratio
电离ionization
直接电离粒子directly ionizing particle
强相互作用力strong interaction force
阿伏加德罗常数Avogadro constant
轫致辐射bremsstrahlung
中子neutron
δ电子delta electron
间接电离粒子indirectly ionizing particle
强子hadron
侧向散射光子辐射side-scattered photon radiation
相对原子质量relative atomic mass
核反应nuclear reaction
布拉格-戈瑞空腔电离室Bragg-Gray cavity ionization chamber
猝灭校正脉冲幅度漂移法pulse height shift method for quench correction
个人报警式中子剂量计personal alarm neutron dosimeter
辐射光致发光剂量计读出仪radiophotoluminescence dosimeter reader
活化箔activation foil
导出限值derived limit
剂量率仪dose ratemeter
气泡室bubble chamber
组织等效电离室tissue-equivalent chamber
光电效应photoelectric effect
导出空气浓度derived air concentration
剂量仪dosemeter
死时间双源测量法two-source method for dead time measurement
电离辐射料位计ionizing radiation level meter
真空电离室vacuum ionization chamber
相加峰符合法sum-peak coincidence method
4π液体闪烁计数法4π liquid-scintillation counting method
微剂量学microdosimetry
γ谱仪γ-spectrometer
半值层half-value layer
串列式静电加速器tandem electrostatic accelerator
授予能energy imparted
供热反应堆nuclear heating reactor
辐照装置irradiation installation
扩展场expanded field
累积剂量accumulated dose
加速器中子源accelerator neutron source
衰减attenuation
对撞机collider
红骨髓剂量red bone marrow dose
照射量率exposure rate
高压倍加器Cockcroft-Walton accelerator
实验模体experiment phantom
参考值reference value
线性[无阈]假说linear-[no-threshold] hypothesis
吸收剂量率absorbed dose rate
同步回旋加速器synchrocyclotron
闪烁体发射谱emission spectrum of scintillator
标准差standard deviation
废物最小化waste minimization
γ谱分析逆矩阵法inverse-matrix method in γ spectrum analysis
废物处置waste disposal
面积氡析出率area radon exhalation rate
能量分辨率energy resolution
参考空气比释动能率reference air kerma rate
死时间衰变源测量法decaying source method for dead time measurement
空气比释动能率常量air kerma rate constant
防护与安全protection and safety
变异系数coefficient of variation
戈瑞gray
盖革-米勒计数管死时间dead time of Geiger-Müller counter tube
希沃特sievert
长寿命低中放废物long lived low and intermediate level radioactive waste
闪烁效率scintillation efficiency
核燃料循环nuclear fuel cycle
测量精密度precision of measurement
被测量measurand
X射线电视系统X-ray television system
X射线管组件最大热容量maximum heat content of X ray tube assembly
公众成员member of the public
量值value of a quantity
受照射个人exposed individual
自由空气中CT空气比释动能指数CT air-kerma index free-in-air
坏值3σ判断方法3σ judge method of bad value
自由空气中空气比释动能-长度乘积air kerma-length product free-in-air
正当性justification
测量准确度accuracy of measurement
现存照射情况existing exposure situation
加载时间loading time
荧光屏灵敏度screen sensitivity
电流时间乘积current time product
t分布t-distribution
对数正态分布log-normal distribution
X射线探伤装置X-ray defect detecting facility
X射线诊断质量保证quality assurance in X-ray diagnosis
集体当量剂量collective equivalent dose
剂量系数dose coefficient
成像板imaging plate
使用因子use factor
有屏片screen film
直接数字X射线摄影direct digital radiography
后果分析consequence analysis
群体检查crowd examination
豁免水平exemption level
铅玻璃lead glass
中子湿度仪neutron moisture meter
屏蔽体shield
入射空气比释动能incident air kerma
窄射束narrow beam
闪烁体能量转换效率energy conversion efficiency of scintillator
放射性核素标记化合物radionuclide labeled compound
剂量面积乘积dose area product
辐照食品irradiated food
计数损失counting loss
促癌剂tumor promoter
生物膜biological membrane
雪崩avalanche
氡室radon chamber
癌变carcinogenesis
个人剂量档案individual dose record
存活分数survival fraction
电离室饱和电压saturation voltage of ionization chamber
反冲质子法proton-recoil method
反散射峰backscatter peak
多阶段致癌性multistage tumorgenesis
性腺阴影屏蔽器具gonad shade shield
细胞周期检查点cell cycle checkpoint
性腺防护裙protective gonad apron
职业卫生设计审查design review of occupational health
工作贮源器working source store container
化学元素chemical element
部位别癌症率site-specific cancer rate
解控clearance
输入屏input screen
辐射防护负责人radiation protection officer
清洁解控水平clearance level
同位素组分isotope composition
排放限值discharge limit
合格专家qualified expert
放射性核素加速排出accelerating elimination of radionuclide
氡及其子体致肺癌危险risk of lung cancer induced by radon and its progeny
工作负荷workload
多倍体polyploid
焦点辐射focal radiation
活动滤线栅moving grid
等臂染色体isochromosome
尿液样本放射性活度测量measurement of activity in urine sample
有效焦点effective focal spot
放射性核素阻吸收preventive absorption for radionuclide
栅比grid ratio
稀释剂diluting agent
光野指示器light field indicator
钍致癌效应carcinogenic effect induced by thorium
毒理学研究toxicological research
喹胺酸quinamic acid
总过滤total filtration
放射诊疗执业医生radiological medical practitioner
络合剂complexing agent
鼻拭放射性活度测量measurement of activity in the nasal swab
内污染医学处理medical treatment for internal contamination
迪曼开关deadman control
镭分布distribution of radium
观察到效应的最低水平lowest observed effect level
超螺旋管super solenoid
隐性作用癌基因recessive-acting oncogene
钚吸收absorption of plutonium
卫星DNAsatellite DNA
氚分布distribution of tritium
排除份额excretion fraction
有害效应的水平adverse effect level
放射源的分类categorization of radioactive sources
组织隔室tissue compartment
钚排除excretion of plutonium
乳腺排除excretion via the lactation
半保留复制semiconservative replication
Alu家族Alu family
基线浓度benchmark concentration
免疫系统内照射损伤damage of immunological system induced by internal irradiation
内照射致精子畸形sperm deformity induced by internal irradiation
细胞凋亡apoptosis
放射性核素毒性分组toxicity classification of radionuclide
胞质分裂阻断微核测定法cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay
氚致癌和遗传效应carcinogenic and genetic effects induced by tritium
锔吸收absorption of curium
肺部内照射损伤pulmonary damage induced by internal irradiation
自由基清除剂free-radical scavenger
细胞系cell line
染色体chromosome
间期死亡interphase death
靶细胞target cell
生殖细胞germ cell
人类白细胞抗原Ahuman leukocyte antigen A
内照射致初级精母细胞染色体畸变chromosomal aberration of primary spermatocyte induced by internal   irradiation
多克隆抗体polyclonal antibody
核武器投掷发射系统delivery system of nuclear weapon
核扩散nuclear proliferation
梯恩梯当量TNT equivalent
核工业nuclear industry
曼哈顿计划Manhattan Project
临界事故critical accident
核爆炸瞬时效应防护protection against instantaneous effect of nuclear explosion
应急响应emergency response
放射性散布装置radiological dispersion device
危险活度dangerous activity
谢米巴拉金斯克试验场Semipalatinsk test site
早死危险risk of untimely death
谱仪法spectrometer method
视网膜烧伤retinal burn
蛋白质芯片protein microarray
环境放射性本底environmental radioactive background
比吸收分数specific absorbed fraction
焦点皮肤距离focus-skin distance
剂量外推extrapolation of dose
细胞cell
血小板生成素thrombopoietin
排放release
血型糖蛋白A基因突变GPA gene mutation
中子注量灵敏度neutron fluence sensitivity
染色单体断裂chromatid break
重水反应堆heavy water reactor
链式反应chain reaction
场外off-site
光子photon
衰变热decay heat
放射性铁吸收absorption of radioactive iron
输出影像output image
化学蚀刻chemical etching
剂量-剂量率外推extrapolation of dose and dose-rate
置信区间confidence interval
辐射剂量1965临时版tentative 1965 radiation dose
点片装置film spot device
粒子源植入治疗implanted treatment of seed source
损失loss
N-乙酰丙胺1,1-二膦酸ethylacylap-ropaoamine 1
动压峰值dynamic pressure peak
反冲核法recoil nucleus method
均整度flatteness
X射线污染X-ray contamination
基因突变gene mutation
职业照射occupational exposure
辐射诱发肿瘤radiation induced neoplasm
交叉滤线栅cross grid
活化activation
X射线影像增强器X-ray image intensifier
关键照射途径critical exposure pathway
确定性效应deterministic effect
细胞培养cell culture
肾功能仪kidney function meter
呼吸带breathing zone
调强放射治疗因子IMRT factor
主/次剂量监测组合primary/secondary dose monitoring combination
正常治疗距离normal treatment distance
再悬浮resuspension
低剂量率后装治疗low dose rate brachytherapy
水中放射性含量radioactive content in water
辐射适应性旁效应radioadaptive bystander effect
环境监测environmental monitoring
平衡当量浓度equilibrium equivalent concentration
体外个人监测personal monitoring in vitro
射气emanation
模拟试验mock-up experiment
标准剂量实验室standard dosimetry laboratory
半影区penumbra
时间积分浓度integral concentration during a period
标称能量nominal energy
工作场所监测monitoring of workplace
辐射靶学说radiation target theory
靶组织target tissue
变化change
末端标记end labeling
相对均匀照射relatively uniform irradiation
线性无阈模型linear non-threshold model
染色体分带技术chromosome banding technique
染色体多态性chromosome polymorphism
DNA测序DNA sequencing
放射免疫电泳radioimmunoelectrophoresis
遗传多态性genetic polymorphism
双着丝粒染色体dicentric chromosome
冷试验cold test
半致死剂量median lethal dose
基因放射治疗gene-radiotherapy
信使RNA差异显示技术mRNA differential display PCR
染色体畸变chromosome aberration
放射生物剂量学radiation biodosimetry
剂量-剂量率效能因数dose and dose-rate effectiveness factor
剂量平方响应模型quadratic dose response model
荧光原位杂交fluorescence in situ hybridization
聚合酶链反应polymerase chain reaction
经皮肤吸收absorption from the skin
核苷酸切除修复nucleotide excision repair
可变数目串联重复序列variable number of tandem repeat
DNA双链断裂double-strand breakage
点突变point mutation
覆盖burial
温度敏感突变temperature-sensitive mutation
致死突变lethal mutation
吸入染毒administration of toxicant by inhalation
选择性分布selective distribution
电镜放射自显影术electron microscopic autoradiography
转移RNA  transfer RNA
肺模型lung model
长期均匀摄入uniform intake in long term
基因组组构genome organization
骨表面bone surface
无义突变nonsense mutation
辐射致癌危险估计risk estimation of radiation-induced cancer
偏倚bias
应急待命emergency standby
室内氡研究study on indoor radon
马亚克核工厂Mayak Production Association
归因危险attributable risk
中国阳江高本底地区high-background radiation area of Yangjiang
泊松回归模型Poisson regression model
辐射剂量-反应关系评估radiation dose-response relationship assessment
剂量-效应关系dose-effect relationship
辐射致癌危险预测risk projection of radiation-induced cancer
农业防护对策agricultural counter-measure
纠正行动corrective action
超额终生危险excess lifetime risk
出生前受照prenatal exposure
混杂confounding
半滞留期half time of retention
调整adjustment
辐射危险特征描述radiation risk characterization
紧急防护行动urgent protective action
匹配matching
较长期防护行动longer term protective action
辐射致癌效应radiation-induced cancer effect
可信区间credibility interval
共识沟通consensus communication
放射性沉降radioactive deposition
创伤后应激障碍post-traumatic stress disorder
强迫观念obsessive idea
应激源stressor
干细胞归巢stem cell homing
白[细胞]介素-3interleukin-3
闪光盲flash blindness
意外危机accidental crisis
全球性沉降global deposition
应急沟通emergency communication
造血微环境hematopoietic microenvironment
间接烧伤indirect burn
分凝现象fractionation
永久再定居permanent resettlement
心理危机psychological crisis
同基因造血干细胞移植syngeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
造血生长因子hematopoietic growth factor
对流层troposphere
放射性热粒子radioactive hot particle
稳定碘stable iodine
红细胞生成素erythropoietin
特殊居民群体special population group
稳定碘预防stable iodine prophylaxis
应急工作人员剂量指导水平dose guidance level for emergency worker 
火球发光时间luminescence time of fireball
血小板减少thrombopenia
工伤保险条例Regulation for Insurance of Work-related Injury
菌血症bacteriemia
代偿性抗炎反应综合征compensatory anti-inflammatory response syndrome
急性放射性直肠炎acute radiation proctitis
中子损伤neutron injury
微循环障碍micro-circulation disorder
心血管神经症cardiovascular neurosis
骨髓型急性放射病bone marrow form of acute radiation sickness
放射性肺炎radiation pneumonitis
移植物抗宿主病graft versus host disease
相互交流多媒体interactive multimedia
成分输血blood cell transfusion
更年期综合征climacteric syndrome
心血管型急性放射病cardiovascular form of acute radiation sickness
支持治疗supportive therapy
放射性性腺疾病radiation induced gonad disease
骨髓增生异常综合征myelodysplastic syndrome
放射性心脏损伤radiation heart injury
层流生物洁净病房laminal air flow bio-clean room
假愈期latent phase
职业性放射性疾病occupational radiation sickness
阴极cathode
主体body
附加要素additional element
海上核材料运输民事责任公约Civil Duty Convention on Sea Transport of Nuclear Material
职业卫生认证occupational health approval and certification
核安全公约Convention on Nuclear Safety
等剂量曲线isodose curve
供方supplier
核营运人nuclear operator
安全标准safety standard
用人单位employer
禁止在大气层、外层空间和水下进行核武器试验条约Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in Atmosphere
卫生标准health standard
专属经济区exclusive economic zone
放射性甲状腺功能减退症radiation hypothyroidism
跨界损害multinational damage
规程code of practice
放射工作单位employer of radiation worker
司法管辖权justice jurisdiction
放射性甲状腺疾病radiation thyroid disease
慢性放射性口腔炎chronic radiation oral mucositis
置换治疗replacing therapy
烟羽plume
反应阈能reaction threshold energy
呕吐物放射性活度测量measurement of activity in vomit
放射性膀胱瘘radiation vesical fistula
先天性白内障congenital cataract
红外线白内障infrared cataract
重症急性放射损伤severe acute radiation injury
源组织source tissue
辐射致骨肿瘤radiation induced bone tumor
放射性肿瘤radiogenic neoplasm
辐射事故radiation accident
中线组织剂量midline tissue dose
局部性内照射损伤local damage from internal irradiation
康复预防rehabilitation prevention
辐射致甲状腺癌radiation induced thyroid cancer
医学随访medical follow up observation
放射性膀胱疾病radiation bladder disease
母体核素parent nuclide
职业性放射性肿瘤occupational radiogenic neoplasm
相干散射coherent scattering
职业健康检查occupational medical examination
严重性severity
小头畸形microcephaly
生物统计学biostatistics
职业病诊断分级diagnostic gradation of occupational disease
授权的医疗机构designated medical institute
中华人民共和国劳动争议调解仲裁法Labor Dispute Mediation and Arbitration Law of the People’s Republic of   China 
中华人民共和国计量法Metrology Law of the People’s Republic of China
方差variance
规章rule and regulation
转录transcription
浮式绝对危险floating absolute risk
天然铀致癌效应carcinogenic effect induced by natural uranium
中华人民共和国行政复议法Administrative Reconsideration Law of the People’s Republic of China
职业病诊断证明书medical certificate of occupational disease
氡气取样器radon sampler
职业病诊断diagnosis of occupational disease
育龄妇女woman of childbearing age
中华人民共和国行政诉讼法Administrative Procedure Law of the People’s Republic of China
终生危险lifetime risk
暴露exposure
放射工作人员radiation worker
放射卫生监督管理supervision and management for radiological health
总截面total cross section
放射卫生法规体系regulation system for radiological health
环境放射性environmental radioactivity
X射线荧光分析仪X-ray fluorescence analyzer
放射卫生学radiological health
放射性长期平衡radioactive secular equilibrium
袖珍式剂量计pocket dosemeter
放射毒理学radiotoxicology
中子与人体组织相互作用neutron interaction with human body
对流层顶tropopause
沉淀分离precipitation separation
国际电工委员会International Electrotechnical Commission
肝功能衰竭hepatic failure
宇宙化学cosmochemistry
radium
放射性同位素radioisotope
表面活度浓度surface activity concentration
放射性碘radioactive iodine
积累因子build-up factor
原生放射性核素primordial radionuclide
光激发光剂量计optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter
thorium
碱土族放射性核素alkaline-earth radionuclide
铀系uranium series
同位素效应isotope effect
辐射显色薄膜剂量计radiochromic film dosimeter
promethium
分离因子separation factor
同量异位素nuclear isobar
前驱核素precursor
数字X射线计时器digital X-ray timer
标准放射源standard radioactive source
时间-幅度变换器time-amplitude converter
活化探测器activation detector
红斑量erythema dose
闪烁体scintillator
X射线管峰值电压X-ray tube peak voltage
国际镭基准international radium standard
放射源radioactive source
P型高纯锗探测器P-type high purity Ge detector
批间变异between-lot variation
非密封源unsealed source
面垒型半导体探测器surface-barrier semiconductor detector
2π正比计数器2π proportional counter
核辐射探测器nuclear radiation detector
全耗尽型半导体探测器total depleted semiconductor detector
重子baryon
瑞利散射Rayleigh scattering
光核反应photonuclear reaction
碰撞collision
等离子体plasma
宇宙辐射cosmic radiation
重离子heavy ion
天空反射skyshine
自发裂变spontaneous fission
结合能binding energy
散裂中子源spallation neutron source
核裂变nuclear fission
π介子pion
俄歇效应Auger effect
万有引力universal gravitation force
特征X射线characteristic X ray
聚变反应fusion reaction
快中子fast neutron
缓发中子delayed neutron
散射scattering
X辐射X radiation
正电子positron
调查水平investigation level
茋晶体stilbene crystal
个人剂量计personal dosimeter
屏栅电离室grid ionization chamber
顶针型电离室thimble ionization chamber
死时间校正dead time correction
猝灭校正外标准法external-standard method for quench correction
死时间双脉冲测量法double pulse method for dead time measurement
中子组织等效导电塑料neutron tissue-equivalent conductive plastic
预期剂量projected dose
中子剂量当量率仪neutron dose equivalent ratemeter
辐射监测仪radiation monitor
计数率仪counting ratemeter
效率示踪法efficiency-tracing method
多球快中子谱仪multiple spherical fast neutron spectrometer
外推电离室extrapolation ionization chamber
剂量重建dose reconstruction
移动表面污染removable surface contamination
电子回旋加速器microtron
中子源neutron source
放射性污染radioactive contamination
回顾剂量retrospective dosimetry
靶部位target region
实用量operational quantity
同位素示踪剂isotopic tracer
拟人模型anthropomorphic model
平均[直线]射程mean linear range
源相关危险评价source-related risk assessment
内照射剂量internal dose
扩展齐向场expanded and aligned field
监督区supervised area
托卡马克装置Tokamak
趋势控制图trend control chart
快中子增殖反应堆fast neutron breeder reactor
牙釉质tooth enamel
井下释放器in-well releaser
故障安全fail-safety
放射性废物radioactive waste
高放废物high level radioactive waste
闪烁体光输出light output of scintillator
热释光thermoluminescence
随机文件accompanying documents
射束质beam quality
氡行动水平radon action level
废物整备waste conditioning
电子顺磁共振波谱electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum
死时间源-脉冲发生器测量法source-pulser method for dead time measurement
包容containment
比释动能率kerma rate
闪烁scintillation
相对生物剂量relative biological effectiveness dose
放射性固体废物radioactive solid waste
比释动能kerma
人体伦琴当量roentgen equivalent of man
吸入物质类型type of inhalation material
废物处理waste treatment
放射性液体废物radioactive liquid waste
标称X射线管电压nominal X-ray tube voltage
辐射源项分析radiation source term analysis
实验标准[偏]差experimental standard deviation
参考扫描条件归一化因子normalized factor of reference scan condition
应急照射情况emergency exposure situation
摄影额定容量radiographic rated content
CT剂量模体中CT空气比释动能指数CT air-kerma index in the CT dosimetry phantom
X射线计算机体层摄影X-ray computed tomography
医疗照射medical exposure
随机误差random error
格拉布斯准则Grubbs rule
CT运行状态CT operating condition
加权CT空气比释动能指数weighted CT air-kerma index
F分布F-distribution
蒙特卡罗方法Monte Carlo method
体积CT剂量指数volume CT dosimetry index
代价效益分析cost-effectiveness analysis
[量的]约定真值conventional true value [of a quantity]
扩展不确定度expanded uncertainty
尾矿tailing
放射介入程序radiological interventional procedure
安全检查表分析safety checklist analysis
人因可靠性分析human reliability analysis
层次分析法analytic hierarchy process
入射表面空气比释动能entrance surface air kerma
深部吸收剂量deep absorbed dose
故障树fault tree
待积当量剂量committed equivalent dose
豁免exemption
X射线诊断质量管理quality management in X-ray diagnosis
退役decommissioning
剂量系数方法dose coefficient method
放射性核素敷贴器radionuclide applicator
γ射线工业CT 设备γ-ray industrial computed tomography equipment
预先危险分析preliminary hazard analysis
集体有效剂量collective effective dose
公众照射有效剂量限值effective dose limit for public exposure
浅表个人剂量当量shallow personal dose equivalent
故障树分析fault tree analysis
安全系统safety system
碳氢比值仪carbon to hydrogen ratio meter
泄漏辐射比率leakage radiation ratio
剂量率响应dose rate response
气载放射性airborne radioactivity
探测器效率detector efficiency
全吸收峰探测器效率total absorption peak detector efficiency
γ射线总探测器效率total detector efficiency of gamma ray
吸收剂量量热测量法calorimetric method for measuring absorbed dose
放射性发光涂料radioactive luminescent paint
剂量评价dose assessment
诱突剂mutagen
管理系统management system
半高宽full width at half-maximum
剂量反照率dose albedo
连指防护手套protective mitten
β探测器γ射线灵敏度gamma sensitivity of beta detector
辐照灭菌radiation sterilization
中子能谱neutron [energy] spectrum
符合分辨时间resolving time of coincidence
自吸收self absorption
核袭击nuclear attack
威胁评估threat assessment
干预组织intervening organization
孟德尔病Mendelian disease
放射性纯度radioactive purity
同源重组homologous recombination
核糖体RNAribosomal RNA
中性突变neutral mutation
胃肠道吸收absorption from the gastro-intestinal tract 
体积分布型volume seeker
线粒体DNA缺失mitochondrial DNA deletion
相对均匀分布relative uniform distribution
应急状态分级emergency classification
单次摄入single intake
注入injection
放射性核素效应比较法comparison for radionuclide effect
DNA修复DNA repair
错配修复mismatch repair
簇集损伤cluster damage
经伤口染毒administration of toxicant penetrated wound
滞留retention
表面分布型surface seeker
RNA干涉RNA interference
程序外DNA合成unscheduled DNA synthesis
核内不均一RNAheterogeneous nuclear RNA
DNA链内交联DNA intrastand cross-linking
DNA链间交联DNA interstrand cross-linking
翻译translation
cDNA文库cDNA library
信使RNAmessage RNA
单核苷酸多态性single nucleotide polymorphism
剂量系统2002版dosimetry system 2002
报告偏倚reporting bias
辐射照射诱发的死亡危险risk of exposure-induced death
队列研究cohort study
通用干预水平generic intervention level
宫内受照者调查in utero study
初始阶段initial phase
相乘交互作用模型multiplicative interaction model
场区应急site area emergency
人群归因危险population attributable risk
极大似然法maximum likelihood method
场外应急off-site emergency
1Sv剂量超额相对危险ERR at 1Sv
低剂量率low dose rate
[美国]电离辐射生物效应委员会Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiations
寿命调查life span study
标称危险[概率]系数nominal risk [probability] coefficient
放射线影响研究所Radiation Effects Research Foundation
天然高本底辐射地区high natural background radiation area
隔室compartment
潜伏期latent period
造血干细胞移植hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
蘑菇状烟云mushroom cloud
粒细胞-巨噬细胞集落刺激因子granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating growth factor
热烧伤thermal burn
头皮癣患者队列研究tinea capitis cohort study
指导水平guidance level
白[细胞]介素-11interleukin-11
抑郁depression
平流层stratosphere
粒细胞集落刺激因子granulocyte colony-stimulating growth factor
应急辐射监测emergency radiation monitoring
冲击波shock wave
呼吸道烧伤respiratory tract burn
恐惧fear
临时居民群体transient population group
国际疾病分类international classification of disease
贫血anemia
初期反应期prodromal phase
慢性移植物抗宿主病chronic graft versus host disease
肠型急性放射病intestinal form of acute radiation sickness
主要组织相容复合体major histocompatibility complex
多因素疾病multifactorial disease
心力衰竭heart failure
病因治疗etiological therapy
核爆炸远后健康效应long-term health effect of nuclear explosion
间接冲击伤indirect blast injury
急性铀中毒acute uranium intoxication
急性放射性肺炎acute radiation pneumonitis
急性内照射放射病acute disease of internal irradiation
放射性食管狭窄radiation esophagus stricture
淋巴细胞减少lymphopenia
直接冲击伤direct blast injury
放射诊疗管理规定Rule on Administration of Radiodiagnosis and Radiotherapy
放射性肝炎radiation hepatitis
放射性闭经radiation induced amenorrhea
粒细胞缺乏症agranulocytosis
急性移植物抗宿主病acute graft versus host disease
反射压reflected pressure
核损害nuclear damage
亚铁氰化铁ferrocyanide
二巯基丁二酸钠dimercaptosuccinate sodium
核能领域第三方责任公约Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy
配对匹配pair matching
限制反弹道导弹系统条约Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile System
许可证持有者licensee
核能领域第三方责任布鲁塞尔补充公约Brussels Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention on Third Party   Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy
核损害赔偿抗辨事由reason of dispute for compensation of nuclear damage
污染者负责原则principle of polluter with responsibility for the pollution
核责任保险nuclear liability insurance
特别提款权special drawing rights
审管部门regulatory authority
核损害民事责任维也纳公约Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage
核损害赔偿权利主体right main body for compensation of nuclear damage
中国核保险共同体Chinese Nuclear Insurance Community
卫生行政部门health authority
海藻多糖sodium alginate
合格人员qualified person
放射性脊髓损伤radiation induced spinal cord injury
辐射致食管癌radiation induced esophagus cancer
放射性碘排除excretion of radioactive iodine
慢性放射性膀胱炎chronic radiation cystitis
康复诊断rehabilitation diagnosis
慢性放射性甲状腺炎chronic radiation thyroiditis
年龄别率age-specific rate
储存环storage ring
辐射致肝癌radiation induced liver cancer
放射性骨发育障碍radiation dysostosis
居留因子occupancy factor
老年性白内障ageing cataract
外伤性白内障external injury cataract
放射性残留物radioactive residues
有机玻璃剂量计PMMA dosimeter
中华人民共和国劳动法Labor Law of the People’s Republic of China 
促排治疗decorporation therapy
事件树event tree
辐射致乳腺癌radiation induced breast cancer
合成标准不确定度combined standard uncertainty
电击性白内障electrical cataract
放射测井装置radiometric logging assembly
错义突变missense mutation
放射工作人员证radiation employee’s card
分值检验score test
离岗前职业健康检查occupational medical examination before leaving a post
最大容许剂量maximum permissible dose
比例风险模型proportional hazard model
事故或应急健康检查occupational medical examination of accident or emergency 
工伤与职业病致残程度鉴定assessment and gradation of disability caused by work-related injury and   occupational disease
职业现场调查occupational field survey
锔排除excretion of curium
体细胞somatic cell
中华人民共和国职业病防治法Law of the People’s Republic of China on Prevention and Control of   Occupational Diseases
上岗前职业健康检查preplacement occupational medical examination
微束照射microbeam irradiation
女职工劳动保护labor protection of female employee
中子感生放射性核素neutron-induced radionuclide
烟囱监测仪stack monitor
终生归因危险lifetime attributable risk
实时荧光PCRreal-time PCR
巡测仪survey meter
国际辐射单位和测量委员会International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements
靶化学target chemistry
自发电沉积self-electrodeposition
恶性血液病malignant hematological disease
辐射[场]量radiometric quantity
浓集因子concentration factor
放射性核素radionuclide
放射流行病学radiation epidemiology
截面cross section
质能吸收系数mass-energy absorption coefficient
表面污染测量仪surface contamination meter
辐射能radiation energy
无机离子交换剂inorganic ion exchanger
放射生物学radiobiology
手足监测仪hand and foot monitor
电离辐射场ionizing radiation field
亚化学计量分离substoichiometric separation
放射性多器官衰竭radiation-induced multiple organ failure
放射性骨质疏松radiation osteoporosis
裂变化学fission chemistry
人工放射性核素artificial radionuclide
微量热计microcalorimeter
同素异重体allobar
水量热计water calorimeter
钍系thorium series
关键核素critical nuclide
同位素交换isotopic exchange
假胶体pseudo-colloid
同质异能素nuclear isomer
稀土族放射性核素rare-earth radionuclide
硫酸铈剂量计ceric sulfate dosimeter
硫酸亚铁-铜剂量计ferrous-cupric dosimeter
放射性锶radioactive strontium
polonium
氚[化]水tritiated water
neptunium
deuterium
校准点calibration point
天然放射性元素natural radioactive element
辐射报警器radiation warning device assembly
放射化学纯度radiochemical purity
辐射光致发光探测器radio-photo-luminescence detector
正比计数管proportional counter tube
密封源sealed source
电压灵敏前置放大器voltage sensitive preamplifier
X射线装置X-ray installation
氟化锂热释光探测器LiF thermoluminescence detector
单道分析器single channel analyzer
检验源checking source
CR-39径迹探测器CR-39 track detector
治疗筒treatment cone
有机猝灭计数管organic-quenched counter tube
裂变固体径迹探测器fission solid state track detector
天然源natural source
液体闪烁计数器liquid scintillation counter
无源探测器passive detector
抽样误差sampling error
样本方差sample variance
γ-γ角关联gamma-gamma angular correlation
γ内转换gamma internal conversion
非弹性碰撞inelastic collision
β衰变beta decay
等离子体辐射plasma radiation
原子质量atomic mass
激发excitation
核力nuclear force
低传能线密度辐射low LET radiation
重离子衰变heavy ion decay
半衰期half-life
慢中子slow neutron
原子辐射atomic radiation
γ辐射gamma radiation
质能关系mass-energy relation
光速light velocity
β粒子最大能量maximum beta particle energy
中微子neutrino
核基态nuclear ground state
火花室spark chamber
空气等效电离室air-equivalent ionization chamber
年暴露限值annual limit on exposure
反康普顿γ射线谱仪anti-Compton gamma ray spectrometer
自由空气电离室free air ionization chamber
反散射厚度计backscatter thickness meter
内照射剂量学internal radiation dosimetry
最低探测水平minimum detectable level
井型铊激活碘化钠晶体well-type NaI(Tl) crystal
电子对产生electron pair production
最小有意义活度minimum significant activity
三氟化硼计数管boron trifluoride counter tube
高气压电离室high pressure ionization chamber
积分电离室integrating ionization chamber
最小可探测活度minimum detectable activity
照射量仪exposure meter
监测电离室monitor ionization chamber
次级限值secondary limit
云室cloud chamber
长计数管long counter tube
记录剂量recording dose
高传能线密度辐射high LET radiation
猝灭校正内标准法internal-standard method for quench correction
无壁电离室wall-less ionization chamber
固定表面污染fixed surface contamination
行波直线加速器traveling wave linac
源部位source region
反应堆临界criticality of reactor
兼容性compatibility
擦拭检查smear test
前剂量方法pre-dose method
什值层tenth-value layer
衰减当量attenuation equivalent
事故剂量accident dosimetry
控制区controlled area
临界装置critical assembly
核电厂nuclear power plant
同位素中子源isotope neutron source
有阈假说threshold hypothesis
压水反应堆pressurized water reactor
透射transmission
同步加速器synchrotron
体素模体voxel phantom
表面污染的间接测量indirect measurement of surface contamination
器官剂量organ dose
辐射水平radiation level
石墨反应堆graphite reactor
剂量当量率dose equivalent rate
基因组学genomics
二羟基甲酰胺型络合剂dihydroxyl-methylacylamine complexing agent
氨基羧基型络合剂amino-carboxyl complexing agent
染色单体互换chromatid exchange
粪便样本放射性活度测量measurement of activity in fecal sample
放射性药物radiopharmaceutical
X射线管X-ray tube
乙二胺四乙酸ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid
尸检组织放射性活度测量measurement of activity in autopsy tissue
直线滤线栅linear grid
体外γ计数监测甲状腺放射性碘活度external γ-counting for monitoring radioiodine activity in thyroid
X射线谱X-ray spectrum
防散射滤线栅anti-scatter grid
放射性药物剂师radio-pharmacist
实际焦点actual focal spot
栅密度grid density
第三代核武器third generation nuclear weapon
核小体nucleosome
呼吸道排除excretion via the respiratory tract
镭排除excretion of radium
血-睾屏障blood-testis barrier
钍分布distribution of thorium
放射性锶排除excretion of radioactive strontium
恐怖主义行为terrorism
三相弹tri-phase bomb
放射性核素经胎盘转移transfer of radionuclide from placenta
核DNA  nuclear DNA
钍排除excretion of thorium
未观察到效应的水平no observed effect level
抑癌基因antioncogene
生物半排期biological half-time
增殖死亡reproductive death
锎排除excretion of californium
潜在致死性损伤修复potentially lethal damage repair
内照射致精原细胞染色体畸变chromosomal aberration of spermatogonium induced by internal irradiation
复制后修复post-replication repair
锎吸收absorption of californium
微核micronucleus
内分泌腺内照射损伤damage of endocrine gland induced by internal irradiation
辐射增敏剂radiosensitizer
甲状腺内照射损伤damage of thyroid induced by internal irradiation
原始细胞progenitor cell
乏氧细胞hypoxic cell
胃肠道内照射损伤damage of gastro-intestinal tract induced by internal irradiation
自噬性细胞死亡autophagic cell death
骨髓内照射损伤damage of bone marrow induced by internal irradiation
谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶glutathione peroxidase
穆鲁罗瓦岛试验场Mururoa Island test site
场区site area
地面核爆炸surface nuclear explosion
爱德华王子岛试验场Prince Edward test site
比基尼试验场Bikini test site
应急emergency
水面爆炸water surface explosion
应急演习emergency exercise
核试验场nuclear test site
人防设施civil protective facility
核试验场治理renovation of the nuclear test site 
粗制核装置improvised nuclear device
圣诞岛试验场Christmas Island test site
高空核爆炸high-altitude nuclear explosion
福岛第一核电站事故Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident
应急工作人员emergency worker
应急准备emergency preparedness
防护衣具protective cloth and tool 
舞水端里试验场Musudan-li test site
应急响应安排arrangement for emergency response
切尔诺贝利核事故Chernobyl nuclear accident
基因表达gene expression
短期多次摄入multiple intake in short term
事件树分析event tree analysis
有机薄膜剂量计organic film dosimeter
认可accreditation
过量照射over exposure
辐射危险识别radiation hazard identification
趋势检验trend test
角响应angular response
损伤damage
双隔室two compartment
冗余redundancy
核事件nuclear event
信号转导signal transduction
突变体mutant
标准化standardization
核动力nuclear power
防护效应protective effect
已避免剂量averted dose
放射原发效应radiogenic effect
伊谬试验场Emu test site
终止照射termination of irradiation
系统放射生物学systematical radiobiology
患者平面patient plane
辐射源安全safety of radiation sources
中断照射interruption of irradiation
第三方核责任nuclear third party liability
电子污染electron contamination
单位剂量超额相对危险ERR/Sv
自动控制系统automatic control system
多叶准直器multileaf collimator
治疗计划系统treatment planning system
中子污染neutron contamination
实际射程practical range
经口染毒administration of toxicant by oral
重离子治疗heavy ion therapy
前体rRNApre-ribosomal RNA
集体剂量collective dose
[核爆]掩蔽[nuclear explosion] shield
趋势trend
聚焦距离focusing distance
结构屏蔽structural shield
辐射兴奋作用radiation hormesis
正电子发射计算机体层显像仪/X射线计算机体层摄影positron emission computed tomography/X-ray computed tomography
叠加效应additive effect
立体定向放射治疗stereotactic radio-therapy
空气个人监测air personal monitoring
靶体积target volume
任务个人监测task-related individual monitoring
空气放射性含量radioactive content in air
呼吸率breathing rate
温度效应temperature effect
高剂量率后装治疗high dose rate brachytherapy
正电子发射计算机体层显像仪positron emission computed tomography
冗余剂量监测组合redundant dose monitoring combination
靶器官target organ
放射免疫分析试剂盒radioimmuno-assay kit
特殊个人监测special individual monitoring
空气放射性浓度监测air radioactivity concentration monitoring
代表性样品representation sample
平衡因子equilibrium factor
气溶胶粒度aerosol particle size
倒位inversion
热试验hot test
非稳定性染色体畸变unstabled chromosome aberration
核型分析karyotype analysis
平均致死剂量mean lethal dose
切口平移标记nick translation labeling
光谱染色体核型分析spectral karyo-typing
微小体minute
生物剂量计biodosimeter
无着丝粒环acentric ring
线粒体膜电位mitochondrial membrane potential
流式细胞术flow cytometry
双向电泳two-dimensional electrophoresis
DNA-蛋白质印迹法Southwestern blotting
非均匀照射non-uniform irradiation
消减杂交subtractive hybridization
放射性废物管理设施radioactive waste management facility
物理伦琴当量physical roentgen equivalent
函数拟合法function fit method
γ谱分析逐步最小二乘法stepwise least square method in γ spectrum analysis
电子顺磁共振electron paramagnetic resonance
居里curie
γ谱分析曲线拟合法curve fit method in γ spectrum analysis
盖革-米勒计数管特性曲线characteristic curve of Geiger-Müller counter tube
放射性气态废物radioactive gaseous waste
内充气计数管端效应end effect of internal gas counter tube
低放废物low level radioactive waste
核安全nuclear safety
雷姆rem
内充气计数管壁效应wall effect of internal gas counter tube
扩散diffusion
半导体探测器电荷收集时间charge collection time of semiconductor detector
非均匀照射non-homogeneity exposure
辐射光致发光radio-photoluminescence
纵深防御defense in depth
盖革-米勒计数管阈threshold of Geiger-Müller counter tube
有效数字significant figure
泊松分布Poisson distribution
剂量约束dose constraint
CT周归一化工作负荷CT normalized workload per week
高对比度分辨力high contrast resolution
剂量限值dose limit
X射线造影剂radiopaque agent
标准不确定度standard uncertainty
自动亮度控制automatic brightness control
照射时间irradiation time
多排螺旋CTmulti-row CT
置信水平confidence level
连续方式continuous mode
初始X射线管电压initial X-ray voltage
放射防护三原则three principles of radiological protection
螺旋CTspiral CT
实践practice
相关系数correlation coefficient
危险约束risk constraint
测量结果result of a measurement
[测量结果的]复现性reproducibility [of results of measurements]
加载状态loading state
正常照射normal exposure
自动照射量控制automatic exposure control
[测量结果的]重复性repeatability [of results of measurements]
公众照射public exposure
管理目标值management goal limit
低对比度分辨力low contrast resolution
截尾有效剂量负担truncated effective dose commitment
几何安全geometrical safety
选址site selection
副屏蔽墙shielding wall for secondary radiation
源面吸收剂量率source surface absorbed dose rate
有效能量率effective energy rate
单一故障准则single failure criterion
空气比释动能-面积乘积air kerma-area product
临界安全指数criticality safety index
核临界安全nuclear criticality safety
深部个人剂量当量deep personal dose equivalent
浅表吸收剂量shallow absorbed dose
外照射指数external exposure index
伪影artifact
屏蔽透射因数shielding transmission factor
贮源箱source storage chest
危险指数评价法hazard index assessment method
当量剂量equivalent dose
患者散射patient scatter
干预正当性justification of intervention
同位素示踪法isotopic tracer method
计算机X射线摄影computed radio-graphy
双偶然事件原则double contingency principle
锰浴法manganese bath method
致癌物carcinogen
镉比cadmium ratio
电离室饱和电流saturation current of ionization chamber
本底校正background correction
解偶联作用uncoupling
峰总比peak to total ratio
放射性发光粉radioactive luminescent powder
伴随粒子法associated particle method
闪烁体光子发射曲线photon emission curve of scintillator
核基质nuclear matrix
能量响应energy response
离子复合ion recombination
细胞周期调控cell cycle regulation 
康普顿边界Compton edge
汤森补偿法Townsond compensation method
全吸收峰探测效率total absorption peak detection efficiency
光敏性light sensitivity
光电峰photoelectric peak
剂量响应dose response
代表性个人representative person
控制效果评价control validation assessment
人体内污染者医学随访medical follow up for the internal-contaminated person
双标记放射自显影术double tracing autoradiography
亲骨性核素osteo-seeking nuclide
经皮染毒administration of toxicant penetrated skin
碱基切除修复base excision repair
滞留份额retention fraction
摄入途径intake pathway
活性中值空气动力学直径activity median aerodynamic diameter
滞留函数retention function
表观遗传学epigenetics
历史性队列研究historical cohort study
剂量-反应曲线dose-response curve
干预intervention
病例-对照研究case-control study
健康工人效应healthy worker’s effect
似然likelihood
印度高本底地区high-background radiation area
潜在减寿年数potential years of life lost
结肠剂量colon dose
生态学谬误ecological fallacy
辐射危险评估radiation risk assessment
塞拉菲尔德工厂Sellafield Site
损害指数index of harm
操作干预水平operational intervention level
类别匹配category matching
交互作用interaction
关键人群组critical group
相加危险预测模型additive risk projection model
应急阶段emergency phase
选择偏倚selection bias
造血干细胞hematopoietic stem cell
地面辐射ground radiation
爆心投影点hypocenter
隐蔽sheltering
早期落下灰沉降early fallout deposition
火球fire ball
光冲量photoimpact
健康危险沟通health risk communication
保护沟通care communication
放射性落下灰radioactive fallout
高氡地区high radon area
超压overpressure
撤离evacuation
医用X射线工作者研究study on medical X-ray workers
重新进入re-entry
人胚胎干细胞human embryonic stem cell
应激stress
心境障碍mood disorder
风险沟通risk communication
直接烧伤direct burn
中间层mesosphere
核爆炸效应模拟simulation for nuclear explosion effect
急性应激反应acute stress reaction
危机心理干预psychological intervention of crisis
惊恐障碍panic disorder 
放射工作人员职业健康管理办法Rule on Occupational Health Administration for Radiation Workers
脑型急性放射病cerebral form of acute radiation sickness
弥散性血管内凝血disseminated intravascular coagulation
标准standard
核武器损伤伤情分类classification of injury due to nuclear weapon
放射性肾炎radiation nephritis
神经衰弱样症状neurasthenic symptom
外照射慢性放射病chronic radiation sickness from external exposure
慢性放射性肺炎chronic radiation pneumonitis
放射性复合伤radiation combined injury
细菌移位bacterial translocation
放射性食管炎radiation esophagitis
内照射放射病radiation sickness from internal exposure
皮肤放射损伤skin radiation injury
休克shock
外照射放射病radiation sickness from external exposure
放射反应radiation reaction
放射性多器官受累radiation-induced multiple organ involvement
放射性同位素与射线装置安全和防护条例Regulations on the Safety and Protection of Radioisotope and Radiation   Devices
中子远后效应neutron long-term effect
综合杀伤半径radius of comprehensive casualties
冲击伤blast injury
放射性甲状腺良性结节radiation benign thyroid nodule
过敏性紫癜Henoch-Schönlein purpura
放射卫生监督检查radiological health supervision and inspection
性腺剂量gonad dose
归责原则attributive principle of the duty
放射工作人员健康评价health assessment for radiation worker
环境侵害environmental harm
损害damage
基因型genotype
职业卫生监督occupational health inspection
不扩散核武器条约Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty
核保险共同体Nuclear Insurance Pool
急性放射性甲状腺炎acute radiation thyroiditis
许可证申请和审批程序application and review procedure of license
急性放射性口腔炎acute radiation oral mucositis
放射卫生监管机构radiological health regulatory body
财产损害property damage
审查examine
和平利用地下核爆炸条约Peaceful Nuclear Explosion Treaty
放射性钌吸收absorption of radioactive ruthenium
原爆时年龄age at time of bomb
无过错责任liability without fault
探测效率detection efficiency
脉冲剂量pulsed dose
非放射复合伤non-radiation combined injury
放射性不育症radiation induced infertility
非法交易illicit trafficking
慢性放射性皮肤损伤chronic radiation injury of skin
放射性碘分布distribution of radioactive iodine
动员剂mobile agent
奥伦堡试验场Orenburg test site
同位素平衡isotopic equilibrium
放射性白内障Ⅳ期radiation cataract stage Ⅳ
心理治疗psychological therapy
引物primer
细胞分选cell sorting
急性放射性皮肤损伤acute radiation injury of skin
心身疾病psychosomatic disease
辐射致结肠癌radiation induced colon cancer
线电离linear ionization
放射性碘吸收absorption of radioactive iodine
辐射致膀胱癌radiation induced bladder cancer
事故照射accidental exposure
放射性骨坏死osteoradionecrosis
微波性白内障microwave cataract
核爆炸方式type of nuclear explosion 
康复咨询rehabilitation counseling
可接受危险acceptable risk
到达年龄attained age
型式试验type test
辐射权重因数radiation weighting factor
生活质量调整寿命年数quality adjusted life years
职业禁忌证occupational contraindication
X射线管套X-ray tube housing
络合物complex compound
病因概率的赔偿界限PC limit for compensation
职业史occupational history
辐射致肉瘤radiation induced sarcoma
生长发育障碍growing development disorder
气体放大gas multiplication
实体癌solid cancer
放射工作人员健康标准health standard for radiation worker
低剂量low dose
规范性文件normative document
岗中定期职业健康检查periodical occupational medical examination
放射医学radiological medicine
污染监测仪contamination monitor
职业健康监护occupational health surveillance
世界卫生组织World Health Organization
离子交换膜ion exchange membrane
放射性气溶胶监测仪radioactive aerosol monitor
同位素isotope
清除剂scavenger
衣服监测仪clothing monitor
核损害赔偿compensation for nuclear damage
活度计activity meter
线衰减系数linear attenuation coefficient
热点hot spot
γ报警仪gamma alarm meter
粒子数particle number
国际标准化组织International Organization for Standardization
天然放射性natural radioactivity
人工放射性artificial radioactivity
国际原子能机构International Atomic Energy Agency
核化学nuclear chemistry
硅二极管中子剂量计silicon diode neutron dosemeter
高效液相色谱分离high performance liquid chromatography
rate
单一伤simple injury
放射性暂时平衡radioactive transient equilibrium
聚变化学fusion chemistry
americium
丙氨酸剂量计alanine dosimeter
反散射backscatter
californium
真胶体real-colloid
放射性示踪剂radioactive tracer
源-皮距source-skin distance
plutonium
硫酸亚铁剂量计ferrous sulfate dosimeter
电离辐射密度计ionizing radiation density meter
静电计electrometer
重水heavy water
放射化学分析radiochemical analysis
uranium
氡子体radon daughter
同中子异位素isotone
同位素丰度isotopic abundance
建成区build-up region
人工放射性元素artificial radioactive element
锕系actinium series
外逸电子剂量计exoelectron dosimeter
活化分析activation analysis
电离辐射反散射密度计ionizing radiation backscatter density meter
天然放射性核素衰变系decay series of natural radionuclide
放射性钴radioactive cobalt
数字千伏计digital kV meter
裂隙gap
内污染医学干预水平level of medical intervention for internal contamination
蛋白质组学protenomics
毛发放射性活度测量measurement of activity in hair
污染伤口放射性活度测量measurement of activity in wound contaminated with radionuclide
阻断剂blocking agent
呼出气放射性活度测量measurement of activity in expiration
X射线等效能量X-ray equivalent energy
体外肺部放射性活度测量measurement of activity in lung in vivo
固有过滤inherent filtration
DNA损伤信号DNA damage signaling
氚吸收absorption of tritium
氚排除excretion of tritium
放射性锶分布distribution of radioactive strontium
毒理学严重性评分toxicological severity score
有效半减期effective half-time
DNA序列DNA sequence
厘摩centimorgan
放射性钴分布与排除distribution and excretion of radioactive cobalt
多隔室multiple compartment
实验数据外推experimental data extrapolation
启动子promoter
剂量-反应评定dose-response assessment
内含子intron
概率参考剂量probabilistic reference dose
战术核武器tactical nuclear weapon
蛋白质工程protein engineering
单隔室single compartment
永生化癌基因immortalizing oncogene
战略核武器strategic nuclear weapon
转移隔室transfer compartment
滚环复制rolling circle replication
镭吸收absorption of radium
中子弹neutron bomb
微核检测micronucleus assay
中着丝粒染色体metacentric chromosome
单克隆抗体monoclonal antibody
内照射致体细胞突变somatic mutation induced by internal irradiation
过氧化氢酶catalase
内照射致畸效应teratogenesis effect induced by internal irradiation
染色质chromatin
放射增敏作用radiosensitization
细胞杂交cell hybrid
端粒telomere
血型糖蛋白Aglycophorin A
淋巴细胞永生化细胞系immortalized lymphoblastoid cell line
细胞株cell strain
核炮弹nuclear artillery shell
约翰斯顿岛试验场Johnston Island test site
核设施nuclear installation
危险源dangerous source
放射性核素监测radionuclide monitoring
烟羽浸没照射plume immersion exposure
核爆炸效应nuclear explosion effect
三里庵辐射事故Sanli’an radiation accident
污染检查contamination detection
拉甘试验场Reggane test site
核爆炸监测nuclear explosion monitoring
国际监测系统international monitoring system
核武器安全nuclear weapon safety
新地岛试验场Novaya Zemlya test site 
异常照射abnormal exposure
内华达试验场Nevada test site
低空核爆炸low-altitude nuclear explosion
东海村临界事故Tokaimura criticality accident
核威慑nuclear deterrent
污染洗消区decontamination area
三哩岛核事故Three Mile Island nuclear accident
军控核查arms control verification 
马拉灵加试验场Maralinga test site
忻州辐射事故Xinzhou radiation accident
触地核爆炸contact surface explosion
核活动nuclear activity
辐射专家radiation specialist
核监测nuclear surveillance
莫尔登岛试验场Malden Island test site
星载核爆探测系统global positioning satellite / nuclear detection satellite
核试验nuclear test
核事故nuclear accident
蛋白质修饰作用modification of protein
小梁骨trabecular bone
非编码RNAnon-coding RNA
应急计划区emergency planning zone
基因沉默gene silence
微RNAmicroRNA
加速器accelerator
卤素猝灭计数管halogen-quenched counter tube
径迹探测器track detector
反冲径迹探测器recoil track detector
补偿型半导体探测器compensated semiconductor detector
组织-模体比tissue-phantom ratio
半导体探测器semiconductor detector
统计检验statistical test
模拟源simulated source
盖革-米勒计数管Geiger-Müller counter tube
探测器detector
G值G-value
浅层X射线治疗机superficial X-ray therapy machine
多道分析器multichannel analyzer
辐射源radiation source
有遗传意义剂量genetically significant dose
同轴锗锂半导体探测器coaxial Ge(Li) semiconductor detector
质量控制quality control
胶子gluon
俘获γ辐射capture gamma radiation
同步辐射光源synchrotron radiation light source
质子proton
穆斯堡尔效应Mössbauer effect
电子伏electronvolt
弱相互作用力weak interaction force
γ衰变gamma decay
轻子lepton
瞬发中子prompt neutron
电子electron
猝灭校正道比法channel-ratio method for quench correction
裂变室fission chamber
猝灭quenching
蒽晶体anthracene crystal
脉冲电离室pulse ionization chamber
4πβ-γ符合计数装置4πβ-γ coincidence counting assembly
记录水平recording level
参考水平reference level
4πβ-γ正比计数管符合法4πβ-γ proportional counter tube coincidence method
名义剂量notional dose
剩余剂量residual dose
飞行时间中子谱仪time-of-flight neutron spectrometer
内充气计数法internal gas counting method
非自猝灭盖革-米勒计数管non-self-quenched Geiger-Müller counter tube
死时间dead time
中子望远镜neutron telescope
核子秤nuclear scale
三氟化硼电离室boron trifluoride chamber
电离辐射透射厚度计ionizing radiation transmission thickness meter
β-γ符合法beta-gamma coincidence method
职业照射有效剂量限值effective dose limit for occupational exposure
可防止剂量avertable dose
年摄入量限值annual limit of intake
组织等效气体tissue-equivalent gas
静电加速器electrostatic accelerator
皮肤吸收剂量skin absorbed dose
弥散dispersion
自发裂变中子源spontaneous-fission neutron source
ICRU球ICRU sphere
比能specific energy
驻波直线加速器standing wave linac
中子发生器neutron generator
骨模型bone model
空气吸收剂量air absorbed dose
沸水反应堆boiling water reactor
反应堆中子源reactor neutron source
铅当量lead equivalent
协方差covariance
井型电离室well-type ionization chamber
分级医疗体系hierarchical medical system
基本相互作用力fundamental interaction force
法律law
X射线煤灰计X-ray coal-ash gauge
持续照射prolonged exposure 
灵敏度剖面分布曲线sensitivity profile
平衡帽equilibrium cap
放射性胶体radiocolloid
飞行时间法time-of-flight method
室内氡indoor radon
核恐怖主义行为nuclear terrorism
放射性废物管理radioactive waste management
共振中子resonance neutron
洗胃gastric lavage
放射测量分析radiometric analysis
轨道电子俘获orbital electron capture
间充质干细胞mesenchymal stem cell
分布distribution
辐射警告标志radiation precaution sign
安全措施safety measure
电离辐射早期效应early effect of ionizing radiation 
CT周工作负荷CT workload per week
随机性效应stochastic effect
4π计数法4π counting method
X射线诊断床X-ray diagnostic table
百分深度剂量percentage depth dose
利益相关者stakeholder
初级准直器primary collimator
施源器source applicator
极地区大气层polar atmosphere
参考平面reference plane
人均剂量per caput dose
光电X射线影像增强器electro-optical X-ray image intensifier
荧光屏fluorescent screen
稳定性核素stable nuclide
太空放射生物学space radiobiology
附加准直器appended collimator
放射性钷吸收absorption of radioactive promethium
协同效应synergistic effect
环境中人工放射性artificial radioactivity in environment
活性氧reactive oxygen species
非人类物种non-human species
放射治疗质量保证quality assurance in radiotherapy
常规个人监测routine individual monitoring
相对表面剂量relative surface dose
个人监测individual monitoring
宫内受照效应radiation effect in uterus
γ闪烁照相机gamma camera
适应性反应adaptive response 
等中心isocenter
放射治疗质量核查quality audit in radiotherapy
辐射监测radiation monitoring
相互易位reciprocal translocation
近中着丝粒染色体submetacentric chromosome
单链构象多态性分析single strand conformation polymorphism
无着丝粒断片acentric fragment
RNA印迹法Northern blotting
荧光吉姆萨复染技术fluorescent plus Giemsa
逆转录PCRreverse transcription PCR
多色荧光原位杂交multiple color FISH
探针probe
RNA编辑RNA editing
剂量当量指数率dose equivalent index rate
蛋白质印迹法Western blotting
空气比释动能强度air kerma strength
电泳electrophoresis
反向剂量率效应inverse dose-rate effect
盖革-米勒计数管坪斜plateau relative slope of Geiger-Müller counter tube
克镭当量gram radium equivalent
牙釉质-电子顺磁共振信号EPR spectrum of tooth enamel
放射性示踪测井radioactive tracer logging
极低放废物very low level radioactive waste
回归方程regression equation
浸出率leaching rate
拉德rad
废物预处理waste pretreatment
初始辐射initial radiation
期望expectation
退火annealing
混合辐射场mixed radiation field
中放废物intermediate level radioactive waste
自由空气中CT空气比释动能指数100CT air-kerma index free-in-air over a length of 100mm
CT剂量模体中CT空气比释动能长度乘积CT air kerma-length product in the CT dosimetry phantom
CT噪声CT noise
放射性钷分布distribution of radioactive promethium
CT剂量剖面分布曲线CT dose profile
[可测量的]量[measurable] quantity
潜在照射potential exposure
系统误差systematic error
[测量]不确定度uncertainty [of a measurement]
防护与安全最优化optimization of protection and safety
包含因子coverage factor
代价利益分析cost-benefit analysis
测量误差measurement error
加载loading
RBE加权吸收剂量RBE weighted absorbed dose
待积吸收剂量committed absorbed dose
标称层厚nominal tomograpic slice thickness
γ心功能仪gamma heart function meter
X射线荧光仪X-ray fluorescence meter
X射线管输出X-ray tube output
放射性核素显像radionuclide image
待积有效剂量committed effective dose
可致白血病剂量leukemia significant dose
干预最优化optimization of intervention
便携式X射线检查系统portable X-ray inspection system
组织权重因数tissue weighting factor
决策树分析decision tree analysis
阴影屏蔽shadow shield
概率安全评价probabilistic safety assessment
无屏片non-screen film
全吸收峰total absorption peak
线粒体mitochondrion
自评价self-assessment
细胞转化cell transformation
转化细胞transformed cell
职业健康监护档案record of occupational health surveillance
峰康比peak to Compton ratio
预评价pre-assessment
机械手manipulator
辐射防护评价evaluation of radiation protection
中子反照率neutron albedo
离子感烟火灾探测器ionization smoke fire detector
电离室饱和曲线saturation curve of ionization chamber
离子复合率ion recombination rate
事故对策countermeasures against accidents
带电粒子平衡charged particle equilibrium
核径迹nuclear track
γ射线总探测效率total detection efficiency of gamma ray
细胞周期cell cycle
个人防护用品personal protective device
执业医师medical practitioner
组织等效量热计tissue-equivalent calorimeter
有效测量点effective point of measurement
化学剂量计chemical dosimeter
放射性铯radioactive cesium
不稳定性核素unstable nuclide
参考点reference point
无载体carrier-free
中子活化分析neutron activation analysis
示踪剂tracer
化学产率chemical yield
radon
超钚元素transplutonium element
带电粒子活化分析charged particle activation analysis
核物质nuclear matter
放射性吸附adsorption of radioactivity
氯苯乙醇剂量计ethanol-chlorobenzene dosimeter
actinium
technetium
核素nuclide
宇生放射性核素cosmogenic radionuclide
固体径迹探测器solid state track detector
热释光反照率剂量计thermoluminescence albedo dosimeter
流气式探测器gas-flow detector
模拟定位机analog locator
固体探测器solid state detector
高纯锗探测器high purity germanium detector
批内变异within-lot variation
硅锂半导体探测器Si(Li) semiconductor detector
自猝灭流光探测器self-quenching streamer detector
气体电离探测器gas ionization detector
4π正比计数器4π proportional counter
光电倍增管photomultiplier
阈探测器threshold detector
远距钴-60治疗机telecobalt therapy machine
天然本底照射natural background exposure
核径迹乳胶nuclear track emulsion
计数管counter tube
幅度-时间变换器amplitude-time converter
全身计数器whole-body counter
扩散结半导体探测器diffused junction semiconductor detector
γ谱仪模-数转换器analog-digital converter for γ-spectrometer
点[辐射]源point source [of radiation]
端窗盖革-米勒计数管end-window Geiger-Müller counter tube
穿透式半导体探测器transmission semiconductor detector
样本标准差sample standard deviation
最大容许浓度maximum permissible concentration
最大容许人体负荷量maximum permissible body burden
锂漂移型半导体探测器lithium drifted semiconductor detector
闪烁探测器scintillation detector
外照射external exposure
超冷中子ultra-cold neutron
散裂反应spallation reaction
质子衰变proton decay
有效相对原子质量effective relative atomic mass
有效原子序数effective atomic number
衰变能decay energy
总电离total ionization
原子atom
汤姆孙散射Thomson scattering
同步辐射synchrotron radiation
传能线密度linear energy transfer
一般复合general recombination
原子核nucleus
气体中形成每对离子平均消耗的能量mean energy expended in a gas per ion pair formed
摩尔质量mole mass
弹性碰撞elastic collision
γ衰变角分布angular distribution of gamma decay
核辐射nuclear radiation
热中子thermal neutron
原子质量数atomic mass number
衰变纲图decay scheme
衰变链decay chain
初始复合initial recombination
夸克quark
康普顿效应Compton effect
空气等效材料air-equivalent material
电离室ionization chamber
核乳胶nuclear emulsion
符合法coincidence method
反冲质子谱仪recoil proton spectrometer
X射线荧光厚度计X-ray fluorescence thickness meter
非介入式X射线评价系统non-invasive X-ray evaluation system
猝灭校正外标准道比法external-standard channel-ratio method for quench correction
活度量热测量法calorimetric method for radioactivity measurement
电流电离室current ionization chamber
非密封电离室unsealed ionization chamber
中子谱仪neutron spectrometer
4π正比计数法4π proportional couting method
固定立体角法defined-solid angle counting method
组织等效材料tissue-equivalent material
透射电离室transmission ionization chamber
参考模体reference phantom
适用性serviceability
模体phantom
临界质量critical mass
平均质量射程mean mass range
电子直线加速器electron linear accelerator
过滤filtration
高温气冷堆high temperature gascooled reactor
吸收分数absorbed fraction
临界体积critical volume
互换性interchangeability
参考人reference person
剂量dose
照射量exposure
放射性内污染radiation internal contamination
应急程序emergency procedure
上海“6•25”辐射事故Shanghai “6•25” radiation accident
沾染区防护措施protection measure in contaminated area
应急计划emergency plan
注射染毒administration of toxicant by injection
自发突变spontaneous mutation
应急设施emergency facility
基因扩增gene amplification
小干扰RNAsmall interfering RNA
同义突变synonymous mutation
转录偶联修复transcription-coupled repair
DNA缺失DNA deletion
呼吸道吸收absorption from the respiratory tract
DNA-蛋白交联DNA protein crosslinking
放射自显影术autoradiography
肺廓清分类lung clearance class
亲网状内皮系统分布reticulo-endothelium seeking distribution
应急等级emergency class
预防性行动区precautionary action zone
基因多态性gene polymorphism
骨皮质cortical bone
冰冻或石蜡包埋组织放射自显影术freezing or embedding autoradiography
互补DNA  complementary DNA
诱发突变induced mutation
染毒administration of toxicant
辐射暴露评估radiation exposure assessment
导出干预水平derived intervention level
信息偏倚information bias
无应答偏倚non-response bias
抽样偏倚sampling bias
奈曼偏倚Neyman bias 
暴露组归因分数attributable fraction in exposed group
个例匹配individual matching
相乘危险预测模型multiplicative risk projection model
成人健康调查adult health study
原子弹爆炸幸存者atomic bomb survivor
删失censoring
卡尺匹配caliper matching
绝对危险absolute risk
廓清clearance
汉福德工厂Hanford Site
钍造影剂注射患者研究study on thorotrast injection patients
失访lost to follow-up
通用行动水平generic action level
半廓清期half time of clearance
剂量-反应关系dose-response relationship
超额危险excess risk
厂房应急plant emergency
剂量系统1986版dosimetry system 1986
光辐射thermal radiation
白[细胞]介素interleukin
延迟落下灰沉降delayed fallout deposition
热效应heat effect
外周血造血干细胞移植peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
诱导多能干细胞induced pluripotent stem cell
切尔诺贝利核事故清理工作人员Chernobyl liquidator
撤回指导水平turn-back guidance level
自体造血干细胞移植autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
避迁relocation
核爆炸物理模拟physical simulation for nuclear explosion
反射波reflected wave
剩余核辐射residual nuclear radiation
沉积量deposition
核电磁脉冲效应effect of nuclear electromagnetic pulse
白[细胞]介素-2interleukin-2
光辐射烧伤thermal radiation burn
应激反应stress reaction
云迹区cloud path area
热层thermosphere 
危机沟通crisis communication
放射性食管瘘radiation esophagus fistula
血小板减少性紫癜thrombocytopenic purpura
低血容量性休克hypovolemic shock
阵发性睡眠性血红蛋白尿paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
再生障碍性贫血aplastic anemia
皮肤β射线烧伤skin β burn
外照射亚急性放射病subacute radiation sickness from external exposure
早期核辐射损伤injury due to initial nuclear radiation
放射性食管疾病radiation esophagus disease
免疫治疗immunotherapy
复合伤combined injury
症状治疗symptom therapy
核武器杀伤区casualty area of nuclear weapon
杀伤半径casualty radius
外照射急性放射病acute radiation sickness from external exposure
位移伤displacement injury
剂量-效应模型dose-response model
基因放射联合治疗combined gene therapy and radiotherapy
剂量当量指数dose equivalent index
质谱分析mass spectrographic analysis
引物介导的原位标记primed in situ labeling
比较基因组杂交comparative genomic hybridization
核型karyotype
验收检测acceptance test
个人剂量当量personal dose equivalent
脉冲场凝胶电泳pulsed field gel electrophoresis
生物技术biotechnology
T细胞受体T cell receptor
周围剂量当量ambient dose equivalent
末端缺失terminal deletion
近端着丝粒染色体acrocentric chromosome
剂量当量dose equivalent
人类染色体命名的国际体制International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature
低分割放射治疗hypofractionated radiation therapy
免疫共沉淀co-immunoprecipitation
分割照射fractionated radiation
非相互易位non-reciprocal translocation
体内污染的分期医学干预水平medical intervention level for internal contamination in different stages
氨烷基次膦酸型络合剂amino-alkyl phosphinic acid complexing agent
姐妹染色单体交换sister chromatid exchange
医疗照射频率frequency of medical exposure
钍造影剂Thorotrast
洗肺液放射性活度测量measurement of activity in lung lavage
医疗放射技师medical radiation technologist
遗传工程genetic engineering
光阑diaphragm
巯基型络合剂mercapto-complexing agent
放射学程序radiological procedure
静止滤线栅stationary grid
阳极anode
医技人员health professional
附加过滤additional filtration
散焦值blooming value
核内复制endoreduplication
染色单体型畸变chromatid type aberration
生物信息学bioinformatics
非整倍体aneuploid
遗传信息学genetic informatics
焦点外辐射extra-focal radiation
毒性评价的阈值threshold limit value for toxicity assessment
原子弹atomic bomb
外显子exon
钚分布distribution of plutonium
肾排除excretion via the kidney
镅吸收absorption of americium
可读框open reading frame
信号转导子signal mediator
危险参考浓度risk reference concentration
有明确效应的水平frank effect level
铀吸收absorption of uranium
基因gene
关键效应critical effect
线粒体DNAmitochondrial DNA
隔室模型compartment model
血-脑屏障blood-brain barrier
铀分布distribution of uranium
基因组genome
谷胱甘肽硫转移酶glutathione S-transferase
染色体超前凝聚premature chromosome condensation
凋亡小体apoptotic body
原代细胞primary culture cell
内照射internal irradiation
内照射致胎鼠骨骼畸形fetal mouse skeletal deformity induced by internal irradiation
内照射致生殖细胞突变germ cell mutation induced by internal irradiation
细胞分化cell differentiation
人类白细胞抗原A基因human leukocyte antigen A gene
细胞遗传学cytogenetics
有丝分裂灾变mitotic catastrophe
超氧化物歧化酶superoxide dismutase
蒙特贝洛岛试验场Monte Bello Island test site
乏燃料spent fuel
阿姆奇特卡试验场Amchitka test site
放射学评估人员radiological assessor
核战略nuclear strategy
应急培训emergency training
大气层核爆炸atmospheric nuclear explosion
核裁军nuclear disarmament
温茨凯尔反应堆事故Windscale reactor accident
水下爆炸underwater explosion
危险指数dangerous index
失控源orphan source
贾盖试验场Chagai test site
注册registration
审查意见书review comment
核事故或辐射紧急情况下援助公约Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or   Radiological Emergency
批准authorization
洗肺疗法bronchopulmonary lavage
核损害民事责任免除exemption from civil liability for nuclear damage
核营运人追索权right of recourse for nuclear operator
核损害补充赔偿公约Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage
核损害赔偿诉讼时效prescription of compensation for nuclear damage
放射工作人员健康管理health administration for radiation worker
许可licensing
注册者registrant
责任限额duty quota
放射性视神经损伤radiation induced optic neuropathy
跨国核损害赔偿compensation for trans-boundary nuclear damage
核保险nuclear insurance
放射性皮肤疾病radiation skin disease
赤道区大气层equatorial atmosphere
放射性钌分布distribution of radioactive ruthenium
热释光剂量计读出仪thermoluminescence dosimeter reader
放射性白内障radiation cataract
辐射致胃癌radiation induced gastric cancer
脐血干细胞移植cord blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
非铀矿工non-uranium miner
瞬时杀伤因素instantaneous killing factor
放射性骨折radiation pathological fracture
比活度specific activity
放射工作职业史occupational history of radiation work
非癌疾病noncancer disease
中华人民共和国放射性污染防治法Law of the People’s Republic of China on Prevention and Control of   Radioactive Pollution
放射遗传学radiological genetics
智力低下mental retardation
干细胞因子stem cell factor
沃尔德检验Wald’s test
劳动能力鉴定appraisal of work capacity
排除excretion
放射工作的适任性评价judgment on worker’ fitness for radiation work
中华人民共和国行政许可法Administrative License Law of the People’s Republic of China
职业病目录catalog of occupational disease
阿兹吉尔试验场Azgir test site
多次散射multiple scattering
剩余X射线管电压residual X-ray voltage
辐射损伤radiation injury
痊愈recovery
便携式辐射仪portable radiation meter
平均射程mean range
快速放化分离rapid radiochemical separation
安全文化safety culture
原子核物理学atomic nuclear physics
国际放射防护委员会International Commission on Radiological Protection
异基因造血干细胞移植allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
放射性铯分布distribution of radioactive caesium
放射性铯吸收absorption of radioactive caesium
联合国原子辐射效应科学委员会United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation
核与辐射突发事件医学应急medical emergency for nuclear and radiological event
放射物理学radiological physics
能注量率energy fluence rate
萃取色谱分离extraction chromatographic separation
电离辐射剂量学ionizing radiation dosimetry
电化学分离electrochemical separation
放射性radioactivity
反照率中子剂量计albedo neutron dosemeter
放射性年代测定radioactive dating
共沉淀coprecipitation
转移因子removal factor
外照射剂量external dose
平均自由程mean free path
污染带contamination zone
品质因数quality factor
电子感应加速器betatron
表面污染的直接测量measurement of surface contamination
核反应堆nuclear reactor
吸收剂量absorbed dose
回旋加速器cyclotron
辐射剂量单位unit of radiation dose
微型中子源反应堆miniature neutron source reactor
闪烁上升时间scintillation rise time
短寿命低中放废物short lived low and intermediate level radioactive waste
周期安全评估periodic safety review
全峰面积法total peak area method
γ谱分析剥谱法graphical method by subtraction in γ spectrum analysis
死时间双振荡器测量法two-pulser method for dead time measurement
伦琴roentgen
放射性物质加工设施installation processing radioactive substance
衰退fading
盖革-米勒计数管恢复时间recovery time of Geiger-Müller counter tube
α废物alpha bearing waste
极零补偿法pole-zero compensation
外逸电子发射exoelectron emission
盖革-米勒计数管坪plateau of Geiger-Müller counter tube
电子顺磁共振波谱仪electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
放射性矿山mine of radioactive ores
回归函数regression function
废物[货]包waste package
高度一体性容器high integrity container
独立independence
回归系数regression coefficient
参考辐射reference radiation
均匀照射homogeneity exposure
闪烁衰减时间scintillation decay time
CT螺距因子CT pitch factor
加载因素loading factor
CT值CT number
阳极热容量anode heat content
灯丝电流filament current
半值全宽full width at half-maximum
间歇方式intermittent mode
计划照射情况planned exposure situation
多层螺旋CTmulti-slice spiral CT
照射几何条件irradiation geometry
自由度degree of freedom
危险risk
波纹率percentage ripple
多层扫描平均剂量multiple scan average dose
归一化加权CT空气比释动能指数normalized weighted CT air-kerma index
照射exposure
不确定度的B类评定type B evaluation of uncertainty
不确定度的A类评定type A evaluation of uncertainty
[量的]真值true value [of a quantity]
修正值correction
主屏蔽墙shielding wall for primary radiation
个人空气取样器personal air sampler
移动式探伤mobile defect detecting
放射性钷排除excretion of radioactive promethium
γ射线固定式探伤γ-ray stationary defect detecting
乳腺平均剂量average mammary glandular dose
中子当量剂量灵敏度neutron equivalent dose sensitivity
热点区hot spot
有效剂量负担effective dose commitment
泄漏辐射leakage radiation
自屏蔽self-shielding
数字减影血管造影digital subtraction angiography
内照射指数internal exposure index
当量剂量负担equivalent dose commitment
动压dynamic pressure
医用电离辐射use of ionizing radiation in medicine
正态分布normal distribution
职业病occupational disease
CT层厚CT slice thickness
极期critical phase
双电离室twin ionization chamber
行动水平action level
吸收absorption
照射量指示exposure indicator
去污染decontamination
放射性骨髓炎osteoradiomyelitis
基因克隆gene cloning
原子质量单位atomic mass unit
公众信息public information
工业射线照相industrial radiography
矿工氡致肺癌研究study on radoninduced lung caner in miners
核损害赔偿义务主体duty main body for compensation of nuclear damage
X射线摄影胶片radiographic film
定位模板fixed pattern plate
电离辐射远后效应late effect of ionizing radiation 
通道channel 
超压峰值overpressure peak
共因故障common cause failure
裂变中子fission neutron
后装机afterloading unit
放射生物效应radiation biological effect
患者平面测试区test area in patient plane
二巯基丙烷磺酸钠dimercaptopro-panesulfonic acid sodium
辐射躯体效应somatic effect of radiation
会聚滤线栅focused grid
终生剂量lifetime dose
最大吸收剂量率maximum absorbed dose rate
安全指标safety indicator
纤维荧光原位杂交fiber FISH
氡和氫子体α潜能potential alpha energy of radon and thoron progeny
连续监测continuous monitoring
氧增强比oxygen enhancement ratio
放射免疫显像radioimmunoimaging
职业卫生监测occupational health monitoring
交叉适应性反应cross-resistant adaptive response
真核生物eukaryote
射气因子emanation factor
单光子发射计算机体层显像仪single photon emission computed tomography
辐射间接作用indirect effect of radiation
损害harm
骨矿物测量仪bone mineral meter
放射性气溶胶监测monitoring for radiation aerosol
工作水平月working level month
放射性流出物radioactive effluence
辐射超敏感性hyperradiosensitivity 
氧化应激oxidative stress
工作水平working level
食品中放射性含量radioactive content in food
辐射抗性radioresistance
调强放射治疗intensity modulated radiation therapy
外射束治疗external beam therapy
适形放射治疗comformal radiation therapy
剂量率效能因数dose-rate effectiveness factor
DNA指纹DNA fingerprint
基因组印记genomic imprinting
基因芯片技术gene chip technology
凝胶电泳gel electrophoresis
稳定性检测constancy test
随机引物标记random priming labeling
放射性核素发生器radionuclide generator
X射线诊断质量控制quality control in X-ray diagnosis
联锁装置interlock device
宽射束broad beam
摄入intake
平方反比定律inverse square law
呼吸器breather
carcinoma
慢化剂moderator
脉冲堆积pulse pile-up
气体放大因子gas multiplication factor
阴囊屏蔽器具scrotum shield
含发光涂料仪表instrument with radioactive luminescent paint
反冲质子recoil proton
酸性成纤维生长因子acidic fibroblast growth factor
细胞存活曲线cell survival curve
辐照保藏irradiation preservation
复合损失recombination loss
符合事件coincidence event
恶性肿瘤malignant tumor
符合效率coincidence efficiency
辐照加工radiation processing
卵巢屏蔽器具ovary shield
有效剂量-存活曲线effective dose survival curve
通风柜hood
密封γ放射源容器sealed γ radiation source container
测井仪表logging meter
手套箱glove box
布拉格-戈瑞空腔理论Bragg-Gray cavity theory
防护器械protective apparatus
晶溶发光剂量计lyoluminescence dosimeter
蓄意破坏sabotage
核电厂操纵员nuclear reactor operator
放射性肠炎radiation enteritis
辐射致白血病radiation induced leukemia
防护行动protection action


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