常见医学名词中英文对照表——妇产科学

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中文名称英文名称
漏斗骨盆funnel shaped pelvis
产前出血antepartum hemorrhage
胚泡移植embryo transfer
耐促性腺激素性卵巢综合征gonadotropin resistant ovarian syndrome
多胎妊娠multiple pregnancy
边缘性前置胎盘marginal placenta praevia
胎盘梗死placental infarction
胎盘剥离placental separation
平滑绒毛膜chorion laeve
脐带过长long cord
运动性闭经exercise related amenorrhea
前庭大腺脓肿abscess of Bartholin gland
宫颈炎cervicitis
子宫颈腺囊肿Naboth cyst
直肠膨出rectocele
臀位助产assisted breech delivery
古典式剖宫产术classical cesarean section
阴道隔切开术incision of vaginal septum
均小骨盆generally contracted pelvis
围生医学perinatology
双卵双胎儿binovular twins
蜕膜decidua
临产in labor
妇产科学obstetrics and gynecology
子宫杂音uterine souffle
妊娠期trimester of pregnancy
单绒毛膜双胎monochorionic twin pregnancy
三胎妊娠triplet pregnancy
难免流产inevitable abortion
不全流产incomplete abortion
稽留流产missed abortion
习惯性流产habitual abortion
初乳colostrum
子宫复旧involution of uterus
滞产prolonged labor
低体重儿low birth weight infant
小于胎龄儿small for gestational age infant
过熟儿post mature infant
胎儿面娩出式Schultz mechanism
胎膜fetal membranes
胎心率监测fetal heart rate monitoring
早期减速early deceleration
晚期减速late deceleration
变异减速variable deceleration
月经淋漓menostaxis
排卵期出血ovulation bleeding
排卵性功能失调性子宫出血ovulatory dysfunctional uterine bleeding
撤退出血withdrawal bleeding
突破出血breakthrough bleeding
子宫内膜不规则脱落irregular shedding of endometrium
功能性痛经functional dysmenorrhea
器质性痛经organic dysmenorrhea
原发闭经primary amenorrhea
隐性月经cryptomenorrhea
经血潴留retention of menses
月经过少hypomenorrhea
直肠阴道瘘recto-vaginal fistula
子宫腔粘连综合征Asherman syndrome
处女膜闭锁atresia of hymen
宫腔镜hysteroscope
宫腔镜检查hysteroscopy
后陷凹镜检查culdoscopy
锁骨切断术cleidotomy
穿颅术craniotomy
断头术decapitation
前庭大腺囊肿造口术marsupialization of Bartholin gland cyst
前庭大腺囊肿切除术excision of Bartholin gland cyst
外阴切除术vulvectomy
外阴根治术radical vulvectomy
阴道切开术colpotomy
阴道成形术colpoplasty
宫颈成形术tracheloplasty
宫颈锥切术conization of cervix
更年期climacteric period
绝经前期premenopause
无排卵性不孕anovulatory infertility
宫颈黏液精液相合试验Miller-Kurzrok test
第三产程third stage of labor
雌激素与肌酐比值estrogen/creatinine ratio
探宫腔术sounding of uterine cavity
叶状绒毛膜chorion frondosum
羊水栓塞amnionic fluid embolism
妊娠图pregnogram
卵磷脂与鞘磷脂比值lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio
血管前置vasa previa
胎儿镜fetoscope
月经过多menorrhagia
人工授精artificial insemination
经前紧张征premenstrual tension syndrome
未破卵泡黄素化综合征luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome
卵泡膜细胞增殖症hyperthecosis
多囊卵巢综合征polycystic ovarian syndrome
外阴营养不良改变vulvar dystrophy
外阴炎vulvitis
前庭大腺囊肿Bartholin cyst
滴虫阴道炎trichomonal vaginitis
先天性无阴道congenital absence of vagina
阴道狭窄stenosis of vagina
双角子宫uterus bicornis
残角子宫rudimentary horn of uterus
转胎位术version
外转胎位术external version
内转胎位术internal version
卵巢切开术ovariotomy
卵巢切开探查术incision and exploration of ovary
卵巢缝合术ovariorrhaphy
宫颈残端切除术excision of cervical stump
曼彻斯特手术Manchester operation
刮宫术dilatation and curettage
骨盆型pelvic types
骶耻外径external conjugate
坐骨结节间径intertuberous diameter
对角径diagonal conjugate
出口后矢状径posterior sagittal diameter of outlet
出口横径transverse outlet
卵巢囊肿切除术enucleation of ovarian cyst
基础体温basal body temperature
醒睡周期sleep-wake cycle
昼夜节律circadian rhythm
后陷凹镜culdocope
妊娠纹striae gravidarum
妊娠溢液hydrorrhea gravidarum
同期复孕superfecundation
产前antepartum
产时intrapartum
初产primiparity
经产multiparity
胎先露fetal presentation
胎产式fetal lie
纵产式longitudinal lie
横产式transverse lie
早期流产early abortion
晚期流产late abortion
输卵管妊娠tubal pregnancy
宫角妊娠cornual pregnancy
俯屈flexion
宫缩乏力uterine inertia
面先露face presentation
分娩机制mechanism of labor
衔接engagement
低置胎盘low-lying placenta
前置胎盘placenta praevia
完全性前置胎盘total placenta praevia
部分性前置胎盘partial placenta praevia
胎盘早剥placental abruption
胎盘嵌顿placental incarceration
会阴阴道裂伤colpoperineal laceration
产后出血postpartum hemorrhage
产褥期puerperium
哺乳lactation
难产dystocia
产科出血obstetric hemorrhage
轻度妊高征mild PIH
中度妊高征moderate PIH
重度妊高征severe PIH
胎儿fetus
胎儿窘迫fetal distress
胎粪meconium
胎毛lanugo
新生儿窒息neonatal asphyxia
阿普加评分Apgar score
胎头水肿caput succedaneum
双顶径biparietal diameter
妊娠水肿gestational edema
妊娠高血压综合征pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome
羊水过多hydramnios
脐带真结true knot of cord
活跃期延长prolonged active phase
减速期延长prolonged deceleration phase
内监护internal electronic monitoring
宫缩应激试验contraction stress test
羊膜腔造影术amniography
乳房过早发育premature thelarche
剖宫产子宫切除术cesarean hysterectomy
宫颈旁阻滞术paracervical block
阴道口扩大术perineoplasty of vaginal outlet
男型android type
中骨盆平面mid plane of pelvis
坐骨棘间径bi-ischial diameter
耻骨弓角度angle of subpubic arch
羊膜amnion
外阴阴道炎vulvovaginitis
老年性阴道炎senile vaginitis
髂棘间径interspinal diameter
高直位sincipital presentation
颏后位mentoposterior position
忽略性肩先露neglected shoulder presentation
骨盆出口狭窄contracted pelvic outlet
真结合径conjugate vera
育龄期child-bearing period
异期复孕superfetation
产后postpartum
预产期expected date of confinement
多产妇grand multipara
胎势fetal attitude
见红bloody show
宫腔吸片hystero cavity aspirating smear
输卵管缝合术salpingorrhaphy
输卵管移植术implantation of tube
卵母细胞成熟抑制物oocyte maturation inhibitor
妊娠pregnancy
下降descent
早孕反应morning sickness
单卵双胎儿monovular twins
巨大胎儿fetal macrosomia
胎盘placenta
垂体性闭经pituitary amenorrhea
高促性腺素性闭经hypergonadotropic amenorrhea
低促性腺素性闭经hypogonadotropic amenorrhea
宫颈黏膜碘试验Schiller test
宫颈管刮片endocervical scraping smear
子宫输卵管造影术hysterosalpingography
引产术induction of labour
会阴后-侧切开术postero-lateral episiotomy
胎头吸引术vacuum extraction
卵巢楔形切除术wedge resection of ovary
卵巢囊肿造口引流术ovariostomy
卵巢移植术transplantation of ovary
子宫下段剖宫产术low-segment cesarean section
脉冲式分泌pulsatile secretion
单羊膜囊双胎monoamnionic twin pregnancy
双羊膜囊双胎diamnionic twin pregnancy
胎儿下降感lightening
蜕膜管型decidual cast
假临产false labor
先兆临产threatened labor
第一产程first stage of labor
第二产程second stage of labor
联合妊娠combined pregnancy
宫颈妊娠cervical pregnancy
输卵管流产tubal abortion
持续性枕横位persistent occipitotransverse position
持续性枕后位persistent occipitoposterior position
扁平骨盆flat pelvis
分娩delivery
足月分娩term labor
产道裂伤laceration of birth canal
会阴裂伤perineal laceration
压扁胎fetus compressus
纸样胎fetus papyraceous
石胎lithopedion
高危妊娠high-risk pregnancy
妊娠蛋白尿gestational proteinuria
妊娠高血压gestational hypertension
联体儿conjoined twins
胎头变形moulding of head
新生儿黄疸neonatal jaundice
脐带过短short cord
脐带扭转torsion of cord
脐带缠绕cord entanglement
脐带假结false knot of cord
脐带脱垂prolapse of cord
胎盘娩出placental expulsion
最大加速期maximum acceleration phase
减速期deceleration phase
外监护external electronic monitoring
浮球感ballottement
胎心率fetal heart rate
无应激试验non-stress test
肾上腺功能初现adrenarche
催产素激惹试验oxytocin challenge test
羊膜镜amnioscope
产程图partogram
活跃期active phase
活跃期停滞protracted active phase
活跃期宫口扩张停滞protracted active phase dilatation
月经频发polymenorrhea
月经频多menometrorrhagia
功能失调性下丘脑性闭经functional hypothalamic amenorrhea
正常促性腺素性闭经normogonadotropic amenorrhea
骨盆测量pelvimetry
原发不孕primary infertility
卵巢功能早衰premature ovarian failure
阴道小肠膨出vaginal enterocele
膀胱膨出cystocele
子宫脱垂uterine prolapse
膀胱阴道瘘vesicovaginal fistula
阴道镜检查colposcopy
阴道显微镜检查colpomicroscopy
宫颈刮片cervical scraping smear
宫颈黏液检查cervical mucus examination
急性盆腔炎acute pelvic inflammatory disease
慢性盆腔炎chronic pelvic inflammatory disease
盆腔淤血综合征pelvic congestion syndrome
输卵管通气术uterotubal insufflation
输卵管通液术hydrotubation
黄体酮试验progesterone test
雌激素试验estrogen test
会阴修复术perineal repair
中位产钳术mid forceps delivery
高位产钳术high forceps delivery
除脏术evisceration
宫颈环扎术cervical cerclage
陈旧性会阴裂伤修补术repair of old perineal laceration
处女膜切开术hymenotomy
阴道闭合术colpocleisis
阴道固定术colpopexy
腹膜外剖宫产术extraperitoneal cesarean section
手取胎盘术manual removal of palcenta
子宫输卵管吻合术uterosalpingostomy
子宫成形术hysteroplasty
子宫全切术total hysterectomy
子宫次全切除术subtotal hysterectomy
输卵管切开术salpingotomy
输卵管切除术salpingectomy
头听诊器head stethoscope
骨盆外测量external pelvimetry
骨盆内测量internal pelvimetry
骨盆平面pelvic planes
入口平面pelvic inlet plane
出口平面pelvic outlet plane
卵巢切除术ovariectomy
盆腔廓清术pelvic exenteration
骶前神经切除术presacral neurectomy
绝经期menopause
卵泡闭锁follicular atresia
抑制素inhibin
增量调节up regulation
产科结合径obstetric conjugate
X线骨盆测量法X-ray pelvimetry
产科学obstetrics
妊娠中期mid trimester of pregnancy
妊娠晚期late trimester of pregnancy
过期妊娠postterm pregnancy
单胎妊娠singleton pregnancy
孕次gravidity
胎儿学fetology
完全流产complete abortion
人工流产artificial abortion
流产儿abortus
异位妊娠ectopic pregnancy
输卵管间质部妊娠interstitial tubal pregnancy
输卵管妊娠破裂rupture of tubal pregnancy
胎头拨露head visible on vulval gapping
胎膜先破early rupture of membranes
顺产spontaneous delivery
外旋转external rotation
下丘脑-垂体-卵巢轴hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis
减量调节down regulation
自启效应self-priming effect
精神性闭经psychogenic amenorrhea
头颅血肿cephalohematoma
幼女妊娠precocious pregnancy
青春期妊娠teenage pregnancy
孕妇gravida
初孕妇primigravida
经孕妇multigravida
假孕pseudocyesis
恶露lochia
脐带血肿hematoma of cord
泡沫试验foam stability test
骨盆测量器pelvimeter
黑加征Hegar sign
四步触诊法four maneuvers of Leopold
脐带杂音umbilical souffle
四胎妊娠quadruplet pregnancy
五胎妊娠quintuplet pregnancy
月经龄menstrual age
受精龄fertilization age
孕龄gestational age
妊娠剧吐hyperemesis gravidarum
初产妇primipara
高龄初产妇elderly primipara
自然流产spontaneous abortion
先兆流产threatened abortion
流产感染septic abortion
产前保健antenatal care
胎方位fetal position
盆腔积血pelvic hematocele
阿-斯反应Arias-Stell reaction
胎头过度仰伸hyperextension of fetal head
额先露brow presentation
颏前位mentoanterior position
侵入性胎盘placenta accreta
植入性胎盘placenta increta
穿透性胎盘placenta percreta
母乳喂养breast feeding
暴发子痫fulminant eclampsia
羊水过少oligohydramnios
痉挛性狭窄环constriction ring
子宫破裂rupture of uterus
妊娠肝内胆汁淤积症intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy
妊娠急性黄色肝萎缩obstetric acute yellow liver atrophy
副胎盘succenturiate placenta
环状胎盘ring-shaped placenta
膜状胎盘membranaceous placenta
轮廓胎盘circumvallate placenta
胎盘粘连placental adherence
胎盘边缘血窦破裂rupture of placental marginal sinus
新生儿学neonatology
新生儿neonate
双胎儿twins
多胎儿multiple fetuses
母体面娩出式Duncan mechanism
脐带umbilical cord
脐带胶质Wharton jelly
胎盘滞留placental retention
肾上腺功能早现premature adrenarche
经间出血intermenstrual bleeding
性交后出血postcoital bleeding
继发不孕secondary infertility
输卵管性不孕tubal infertility
原因不明性不孕unexplained infertility
宫颈活检cervical biopsy
性交后试验postcoital test
胎臀牵引术extraction of breech
后出胎头产钳术forceps delivery of aftercoming head
剖宫产术cesarean section
阴蒂切除术clitoridectomy
阴道壁修补术repair of vaginal wall
宫颈切开术hysterocervicotomy
宫颈修补术trachelorrhaphy
毁胎术destructive operations
子宫切开术hysterotomy
输卵管造口术salpingostomy
输卵管吻合术anastomosis of tube
输卵管成形术salpingoplasty
输卵管卵巢切除术salpingo-ovariectomy
分段刮宫术fractional curettage of uterus
骨盆倾斜度inclination of pelvis
骨盆底pelvic floor
髂嵴间径intercrestal diameter
粗隆间径intertrochantoric diameter
黄期过短short luteal phase
前次月经past menstrual period
末次月经last menstrual period
子宫内翻inversion of uterus
晚期产后出血late postpartum hemorrhage
血性恶露lochia rubra
子宫复旧不全subinvolution
妊娠急性脂肪肝acute fatty liver of pregnancy
滞留死胎missed labor
死产stillbirth
足月儿term infant
有窗胎盘fenestrated placenta
阴毛初现pubarche
月经稀发oligomenorrhea
子宫不规则出血metrorrhagia
无排卵性功能失调性子宫出血anovulatory dysfunctional uterine bleeding
膜样痛经membranous dysmenorrhea
阴道涂片检查vaginal smear examination
阴道隔vaginal septum
条索状卵巢streak ovary
胎头浮floating head
胎头入盆engagement of head
产妇parturient
未产妇nullipara
卵巢妊娠ovarian pregnancy
阔韧带妊娠broad ligament pregnancy
腹腔妊娠abdominal pregnancy
子宫残角妊娠pregnancy in rudimentary horn
产程labor
总产程total stage of labor
生理性缩复环physiologic retraction ring
颈管消失effacement of cervix
宫口扩张dilatation of cervix
胎头着冠crowning of head
胎膜破裂rupture of membranes
胎膜早破premature rupture of membranes
葡萄胎hydatidiform mole
内旋转internal rotation
仰伸extention
娩出expulsion
早产premature delivery
产力异常abnormal uterine action
肩难产shoulder dystocia
肩先露shoulder presentation
复合先露compound presentation
头盆不称cephalopelvic disproportion
骨盆入口狭窄contracted pelvic inlet
中骨盆狭窄contracted midpelvis
产后宫缩痛after-pains
浆液恶露lochia serosa
白色恶露lochia alba
产褥感染puerperal infection
先兆子痫preeclampsia
子痫eclampsia
并发先兆子痫superimposed preeclampsia
并发子痫superimposed eclampsia
死胎fetal death
早产儿premature infant
宫内发育迟缓intrauterine growth retardation
无脑儿anencephalus
脑积水hydrocephalus
脐带狭窄stricture of cord
脐带水肿edema of cord
脐带囊肿cyst of cord
单脐动脉脐带single umbilical artery of cord
脐带边缘附着cord marginal insertion
脐带帆状附着cord velamentous insertion
子宫胎盘卒中uteroplacental apoplexy
羊膜镜检查amnioscopy
胎儿成熟度fetal maturity
胎儿造影术fetography
妇科学gynecology
乳房初发育thelarche
继发闭经secondary amenorrhea
子宫性闭经uterine amenorrhea
卵巢性闭经ovarian amenorrhea
下丘脑性闭经hypothalamic amenorrhea
免疫性不孕immune infertility
体外受精in vitro fertilization
骨盆轴pelvic axis
绝经期综合征menopausal syndrome
念珠菌阴道炎candidal vaginitis
营养不良性闭经malnutritional amenorrhea
避孕药后闭经postpill amenorrhea
女性不孕症female infertility
双阴道double vagina
双子宫double uterus
盆腔炎pelvic inflammatory disease
羊膜穿刺术amniotomy
人工破膜术artificial rupture of membranes
剥膜术stripping of membranes
会阴切开术episiotomy
会阴正中切开术median episiotomy
联合转胎位术combined version
产钳术obstetric forceps delivery
低位产钳术low forceps delivery
子宫肌瘤切除术myomectomy
子宫次根治术subradical hysterectomy
斯波尔丁-理查森手术Spalding-Richardson operation
圆韧带缩短术shortening of round ligament
子宫骶骨韧带缩短术shortening of uterosacral ligament
输卵管粘连分离术salpingolysis
髂内动脉结扎术ligation of internal iliac artery
女型gynecoid type
扁平型platypelloid type
类人猿型anthropoid type
绝经后期postmenopause
初级卵泡primary follicle
次级卵泡secondary follicle
三级卵泡tertiary follicle
优势卵泡dominant follicle
卵泡选择selection of follicles
泡膜[间质]细胞theca[interstitial] cell
次级[间质]细胞secondary [interstitial] cell
卵巢门[间质]细胞hilus [interstitial] cell
黄体溶解luteolysis
持续无排卵chronic anovulation
超排卵superovulation
黄体功能不足inadequate luteal function
阴道镜colposcope
经产妇multipara
产次parity
未孕妇nulligravida
胎动感quickening
妊娠早期early trimester of pregnancy
双胎妊娠twin pregnancy
双胎交锁locked twins
宫颈扩张术dilatation of the cervix
宫颈切除术amputation of cervix
子宫固定术suspension of uterus
子宫根治术radical hysterectomy
原始卵泡primordial follicle
卵泡征集recruitment of follicles
月经初潮menarche
腹主动脉旁淋巴结切除para-aortic lymphadenoectomy
盆腔淋巴结切除pelvic lymphadenoetomy
次全子宫切除术subtotal (supravaginal) hysterectomy
次广泛子宫切除术(扩大的子宫切除术)subradical hysterectomy (extended hysterectomy)
子宫切除术hysterectomy
宫颈整形缝合sturmdorf suture
阴道切除术vaginectomy
阴式子宫切除vaginal hysterectomy
阴道后壁修补术posterior colporrhaphy
处女膜切开hymenectomy
三度撕裂修补术repair of third degree tear
会阴缝合术perineorrhaphy
局部切除local excision
鼠蹊淋巴结切除术groin lymph node dissection
单纯外阴切除术simple vulvectomy
tying
一针缝线a stitch
切开incision
海格氏扩张器hegar's dilator
宫腔探针uterine sound
套针trocar
弯形牵开器Deever's retractor
自动牵开器self-retaining retractor
牵开器retractor
绷带剪bandage scissors
海绵钳sponge forceps
持针器needle holder
柯克氏钳Kocker's forceps
鼠齿钳Allis clamp
蚊式钳mosquito clamp
弯钳Kelly clamp
止血钳hemostat
齿镊toothed forceps
三角针cutting needle
直针straight needle
保留缝线retention suture
不可吸收缝线nonabsorbable suture material
尼龙丝线nylon filament
合成缝线synthetic suture material
铬制肠线chromic catgut
白肠线plain catgut
缝合物质suture material
外科器械surgical instruments
放置子宫托Pessary insertion
电烙electrocauterization
出血时间bleeding time
凝血时间cogulation time
全血计数complete blood count (CBC)
酶标免疫测定enzyme-labeled immunoassay
雌激素撤退试验estrogen withdral test
孕激素撤退试验progesterone withdrawal test
卵管通气试验rubin test
交媾后试验postcoital test (Huhner's test)
羊齿状结晶ferm
宫颈粘液结晶试验cervical mucus aborization test  
静脉肾盂造影intraveneous pyelography
钡灌肠Barium enema
钡餐Barium meal
子宫输卵管造影hystero-salpingography
动脉造影arteriography
平片plain film
放射线检查roentgenography
线透视fluoroscopy X
胸腔穿刺thoracocentesis
后穹窿穿刺culdocentesis
席勒氏试验Schiller's test
腹腔镜laparoscope
后穹窿镜culdoscope
内膜涂片endometrial smear
诊断性刮宫diagnostic curettage
分段刮宫fractional curettage
巴氏涂片pap smear
内膜活检endometrial biopsy
锥切活检cone biopsy
活检biopsy
胎盘部位绒癌placenta-site choriocarcinoma
绒癌choriocarcinoma
浸润性葡萄胎invasive mole
残存葡萄胎residual mole
部分性葡萄胎partial mole
完全性葡萄胎complete mole
妊娠滋养细胞病gestational trophoblastic disease
滋养细胞病trophoblastic disease
腹膜乳头状瘤peritoneal papillary carcinoma
卵巢外浆液性癌extraovarian scrous carcinoma
腹膜间皮瘤methothelioma of peritoneum
副卵巢囊肿paraovarian cyst
马氏囊肿cyst of Morgagni
巧克力囊肿chocolate cyst
子宫内膜异位囊肿endometrial cyst  
子宫内膜异位结节endometrial nodules
卵巢库肯勃瘤Krukenberg's tumor of ovary
转移性卵巢癌metastatic ovarian cancer
内胚窦瘤(卵黄囊瘤,胚胎性癌)endodermal sinus tumor (Yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma)
无性细胞瘤(生殖细胞瘤)dysgerminoma (germinoma)
卵巢甲状腺瘤strumal ovarii
未成熟畸胎瘤immature teratoma (solid teratoma, malignant teratoma)
成熟畸胎瘤mature teratoma (cystic teratoma, dermoid cyst)
卵巢生殖细胞肿瘤germ cell tumor of ovary
卵巢原发绒癌primary choriocarcinoma of ovary
环管状性索间质瘤sex cord tumor with annular tubules (SCTAT)
卵巢间质细胞瘤Leydig's cell tumor of ovary
卵巢支持细胞瘤sertoli-cell tumor of ovary
男性母细胞瘤androblastoma
女性化肿瘤feminizing tumors
颗粒细胞瘤granulosa-cell tumor
泡膜细胞瘤thecal-cell tumor
性索间质肿瘤sex cord-stromal tumors of ovary (gonadal stromal tumors)
网膜饼omental cake  
恶液质cackexia
腹膜种植peritoneal implantation
卵巢透明细胞癌clear cell carcinoma of ovary
卵巢腺癌adenocarcinoma of ovary
卵巢子宫内膜样癌endometrioid carcinoma of ovary
腹膜粘液瘤pseudomyxoma peritonei  
卵巢纤维上皮瘤Brenner's tumor
粘液性囊腺瘤mucinous cystadenoma
浆液性囊腺瘤serous cystadenoma
黄体瘤luteoma
上皮性瘤epithelial tumor
单纯囊肿simple cyst
黄体囊肿corpus luteum cyst
滤泡囊肿follicular cyst
卵巢赘生物neoplasms of ovary
子宫内膜腺棘癌adenoacanthoma of endometrium
子宫内膜腺鳞癌adeno-squamous carcinoma of endometrium
子宫内膜腺癌adenocarcinoma of endometrium
子宫内膜癌(宫体癌)endometrial carcinoma (carcinoma of corpus uteri)
子宫中胚叶混合瘤mixed mesodermal tumor of uterus
内膜息肉endometrial polyps
子宫平滑肌肉瘤leiomyosarcoma of uterus
子宫间质肉瘤stromal sarcoma of uterus
子宫肌腺瘤adenomyoma of uterus
子宫内膜间质异位症stromatosis of uterus
红色样变red degeration
粘液性变myxomatous change
玻璃样变hyaline change
囊性变cystic change
肌瘤良性退行性变benign degeneration of myoma
阔韧带肌瘤broad ligament myoma
带蒂肌瘤pedunculated myoma
粘膜下肌瘤submucous myoma
多发肌瘤multiple myoma
肌层内肌瘤intramural myoma
浆膜下肌瘤subserous myoma
子宫赘生物neoplasms of uterus
宫颈腺癌adenocarcinoma of cervix
微侵润癌microinvasive carcinoma
侵润癌invasive carcinoma
宫颈间变dysplasia of cervix
宫颈内膜息肉endocervical polyps
宫颈赘生物neoplasms of cervix
那囊Nabothian cyst
阴道透明细胞癌clear cell carcinoma of vagina
阴道腺病adenosis of vagina
革氏囊肿Gartner's duct cyst
阴道赘生物neoplasms of vagina
鳞癌squamous carcinoma
外阴派杰氏病Paget's disease of vulva
外阴上皮内癌intraepithelial carcinoma of vulva (Brown's disease)
萎缩硬化性苔癣Lichen sclerosis et atrophicus
外阴营养障碍vulva dystrophy
外阴赘生物neoplasms of vulva
先天性肾上腺生殖综合征congenital adrenogenital sydrom
脱纳氏综合征Turner's syndrom
卵睾体ovotestis
先天性卵巢发育不全congenital agenesis of ovaries
子宫残角rudimentary horn
始基子宫rudimentary uterus
子宫纵隔uterus septus
双子宫、双宫颈uterus didelphys
无腔子宫uterus solidaris
先天性无子宫congenital absence of uterus
宫颈纵隔septate cervix
双宫颈double cervix (cervix duplex)
阴道纵隔longitudinal septum of vagina
阴道斜隔oblique septum of vagina
阴道积血hematocolpos
宫腔积血hematometra
阴道横隔transverse septum of vagina
后屈retroflexion
子宫穿孔perforation of uterus
后倾retroversion
前屈anteflexion
子宫移位displacement (malposition) of uterus
三度子宫脱垂procidentia
盆腔充血综合征pelvic congestion syndrom
二度子宫脱垂decentia
宫颈延长elongation of cervix
宫颈外翻ectopion (eversion of cervix)
张力性尿失禁urinary stress incontinence
肠疝enterocele
宫颈撕裂laceration of cervix
盆腔支持组织松弛relaxation of pelvic support
外阴血肿hematoma of vulva
三度会阴撕裂third degree laceration (tear) of perineum
人类疱疹病毒human herpes virus
淋巴肉芽肿lymphogranuloma
盆腔腹膜炎pelvic peritonitis
生殖器结核genital tubercolosis
衣原体感染chlamydia infection
盆腔肿脓pelvic abscess
卵管卵巢脓肿tubo-ovarian abscess
卵管卵巢囊肿tubo-ovarian cyst
卵巢炎oophoritis
宫旁组织炎parametritis
宫腔积脓pyometra
宫颈糜烂erosion of cervicitis
子宫内膜炎endometritis
念珠菌感染monilial infection
阴道炎vaginalitis
滴虫性阴道炎trichomonas vaginitis
外阴溃疡ucleration of vulva
外阴毛囊炎vulvar folliculitis
巴氏腺囊肿Bartholin's gland cyst
巴氏腺脓肿Bartholin's gland abscess
不明原因不孕unexplained infertility infections
卵管阻塞tubal occlusion
宫颈粘液不足insufficient cervical mucus
原发不育primary sterility
性交痛dyspareunia
宫腔粘连Asherman's syndrom (synechiac)
性感冷淡症frigidity
垂体微腺瘤microadenoma of pituitary syndrom
闭经泌乳综合征amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrom
子宫内膜增生endometrial hyperplasia
腺瘤样增生adenomatous hyperplasia
高雌素血症hyperestrogenemia
不排卵周期anovulatory cycle  
不排卵anovulation
绝经后出血postmenopausal bleeding
经间腹痛intermenstrual pain
经前紧张症premenstrual tension
功能性子宫出血functional uterine bleeding
阴道出血vaginal bleeding
兔唇hare lip
先天愚型Down's syndrom
核黄疸nucleae jaundice (Kernicterus)
胎儿水肿hydrops fetalis
血型不合blood group incomaptibility
胎粪吸入meconium aspiration
小脑幕撕裂laceration of tentorium cerebelli
大脑镰撕裂laceration of falx cerebri
颅内出血(脑出血)cerebral hemorrhage
新生儿复苏resuscitation of newborn
肱骨骨折fracture of humorus
胎头血肿cephallohematoma
脐带绕颈cord around neck
阿氏评分Apgar scoring
胎头塑形molding of fetal head
出生体重birth weight
枕下前囱径suboccipital  bragmatic diameter
新生儿的neonatal
手取胎盘manual removal of placenta
剖宫子宫切除术Cesarean hysterectomy (Porro's operation)
腹膜外剖宫产extraperitoneal C.S  
下段剖宫产lower segment C.S
古典剖宫产classical C.S
剖宫产Cesarean section (C.S)
内倒转internal podalic version
臀牵引breech extraction
后出头分娩delivery of aftercoming head
吸引器vacuum extractor
后出头产钳piper's forceps
出口产钳助产钳outlet forceps delivery
中位产钳助产钳midforceps delivery
低位产钳助产钳lowforceps delivery
产钳obstetric forceps
会阴中侧切medio-lateral episiotomy
手转胎头manual rotation of fetal head
催产素刺激宫缩oxytocin stimulation for uterine contraction
前列腺素引产indution of labor prostaglandin
催产素引产indution of labor by pitocin
人工破膜artificial rupture of membranes (amniotomy)
人工剥膜manual stripping of membranes
羊膜腔内输血intra-amniotic transfusion
宫颈环扎cerclage of cervix
经阴道子宫切开术vaginal hysterotomy
吸引流产suction abortion
终止妊娠termination of pregnancy
疗病流产therapeutic abortion
胎儿头皮血取样fetal scalp blood sampling
卵磷脂/鞘磷脂比值lecithin/sphimgomyelin ratio
胎儿肺成熟度估价estimation of fetal lung maturity
催产素刺激试验oxytocin challenge test (OCT)
可变减速varial deceleration
非应力试验non stress test (NST)
延长减速prolonged deceleration
胎心基线baseline fetal heart rate
宫缩描记tocograph
宫缩描记术tocography
胎心监测fetal heart monitoring
染色体分析chromosome analysis
绒毛标本采取chorionic villi sampling
超声波定位胎盘ultrasonic localization of placenta
超声波估价胎儿体重及成熟ultrasonic estimation of fetal weight and maturity
B型超声波扫描B-scan
超声波检查ultrasonography (ultrasound scanning)
hCG放免测定radioimmunoassay for hCG
边缘窦破裂rupture of marginal sinus
妊娠试验pregnacy test
轮状胎盘placenta circumvallata
双叶胎盘placenta bipartita
双胎盘placenta duplex
感染性血栓性静脉炎septic thrombophlebitis
产褥期破伤风puerperal tetanus
产褥期子宫内膜炎puperal endometritis
盆腔蜂窝质炎pelvic cellutitis
产后败血症pueperal sepsis
产褥病率pueperal morbidity
席汉氏征Sheehan's disease
胎膜粘连adherent placenta
部分胎盘滞留retention of placenra fragment
胎膜滞留retention of fetal membranes
产祷期出血puerperal hemorrhage
早期产后出血early postpartum hemorrhage  
弥漫性血管内凝血disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
隐性出血concealed hemorrhage
显性出血revealed hemorrhage
低置low implantation
中央型central (complete)
第二产程延长prolonged second stage
产科休克obstetric shock
联体双胎conjointed twin
交锁双胎locked twin
不完全臀位incomplete breech
横位(肩先露)transverse (shoulder) presentation
伸腿臀frank breech
足先臀footling
臀位breech presentation
胎位异常abnormal presentation
宫颈难产cervical dystocia
初产头浮primipara with floating head
前次剖宫产史history of previous cesarean section
病理性缩窄环pathologic retration ring
先兆子宫破裂impending of rupture of uterus
强直性宫缩tetanic contraction
高张性宫缩hypertonic contraction
低张性宫缩hypotonic contraction
异常宫缩abnormal uterine contraction
骨盆狭窄contracted pelvis
骨质软化骨盆osteomalacic pelvis
胎死宫内intrauterine death
胎心心律不齐fetal heart irrythmia
羊水粪染meconium-staining amniotic fluid
胎心过缓fetal bradycardia
胎心过速fetal tachycardia
过熟postmaturity
巨大儿macrosomia
大于胎龄large for gestational age (LGA)
小于胎龄small for gestational age (SGA)
宫内生长迟缓intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)
妊娠高血压疾患hypertensive disorders of pregancy
妊高征pregancy-induced hypertension(PIH)
妊娠中毒症toxemia of pregancy
宫颈机能不全cervical incompetence
妊娠呕吐nausea and vomitting of pregancy
退奶suppression of lactation(wraning the milk)
阴道粘膜撕裂laceration of vaginal mucosa
会阴撕裂laceration of perineum
胎儿娩出delivery of baby
胎头仰伸extension of fetal head
胎头俯曲flexion of fetal head
宫缩uterine contraction
宫颈扩张dilation of cervix
先露部位置station of presentation part
头浮floating(head)
先露部下降descending of presenting part
右枕后位right occiput posterior(ROP)
左枕前位left occiput anterior(LOA)
顶先露vertex presentation
破膜rupature of membranes
产程发动onset of labor
外横径transverse diameter of outlet
棘间径insterspinous diameter
扁平型骨盆platypelloid pelvis
类人猿型骨盆anthropoid pelvis
男人型骨盆android pelvis
产道birth canal
女性骨盆gynecoid pelvis
围产期perinatal period
晚期妊娠third trimester
中期妊娠second trimester
早期妊娠first trimester
孕周gestational weeks
双合子双胎dizygotic (biovular) twins
单合子双胎monozygotic(identical) twins
宫高fundal height
胎心音fetal heart sound
宫颈着色discoloration of cervix
脐血管umbilical vessels
胎(羊膜)囊fetal(amniotic) sac
副中肾管Mullerian duct(paramesonephric duct)
绝经后的postmenopausal
孕激素受体progesterone receptor
雌激素受体estrogen receptor
促甲状腺素thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH)
后叶加压素pitressin
胎盘催乳human plancental lactogen
分泌内膜secretory endometrium
基础体basal body temperature (BBT)
增殖内膜proliferative endometrium
泌乳素prolactin(PRL)
促性腺激素释放素Gonadotropin releasing hormone(GNRH)
黄体生成素释放素luteotropic hormone releasing hormone(LHRH)
泡膜细胞thecal cells
排卵周期ovulatory cycle
下丘脑-垂体-卵巢轴hypothalamic-hypophyscal-ovarian axis
网膜omentum
腹膜外extraperitoneal
回盲部ileocecal junction
腹膜内intraperitoneal
腹膜反折peritoneal reflection
肛门括约肌sphineter ani m.
髂骨尾骨肌illiococcygeous m.
提肛肌levator ani m.
耻骨尾骨肌pubococcygeous m.
骶前神经pre-sacral n.  
营养动脉nutritional a.
降支desecnding branch
漏斗骨盆韧带infundibulo-pelvic lig.
宫骶韧带uterosacral lig.
圆韧带round lig.
主韧带cardinal lig.
阔韧带broad lig.
宫颈cervix
宫颈管endocervial canal
子宫直肠窝Douglas pouch(Cul-de-sac)
巴氏腺Bartholin's gland
实习医师Intern
住院医师Resident physician
麻醉医师Anesthetist
放射学家Radiologist
遗传学家Geneticist
围产学家Perinatologist
新生儿学家Neonatologist
细胞学家Cytologist
内分泌学家Endocrinologist
病理学家Pathologist
肿瘤学家Oncologist
妇科学家Gynecologist


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