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常见医学名词中英文对照表——胃肠病学

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部分分表数据:

中文名称英文名称
中毒性肝硬化toxic cirrhosis
肝脓肿liver abscess
先天性家族性非溶血性黄疸congenital familial nonhemolytic jaundice
胆道蛔虫病biliary ascariasis
硬化性胆管炎sclerosing cholangitis
慢性非化脓性破坏性胆管炎chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis
急性出血性胰腺炎acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis
自发性腹膜炎spontaneous peritonitis
化学性腹膜炎chemical peritonitis
浆液性腹膜炎serous peritonitis
十二指肠假憩室pseudodiverticulum of duodenum
单纯性集群性憩室病simple massed diverticulosis
先天性肝囊肿congenital cyst of liver
flatus
反跳痛rebound tenderness
舟状腹scaphoid abdomen
腹膜刺激征peritoneal irritation sign
板状强直board-like rigidity
吞气症aerophagia
高淀粉酶血[症]hyperamylasemia
高胆红素血[症]hyperbilirubinemia
胆血症cholemia
出血性胃炎hemorrhagic gastritis
浅表性胃炎superficial gastritis
全结肠炎pancolitis
假膜性结肠炎pseudomembranous colitis
放射性小肠炎radiation enteritis
蛋白丢失性肠病protein-losing enteropathy
结肠黑色素沉着病melanosis coli
先天性吸收不良congenital malabsorption
感染性腹泻infectious diarrhea
细菌性腹泻bacterial diarrhea
产毒性腹泻toxigenic diarrhea
拉埃内克肝硬化Laennec cirrhosis
门脉性肝硬化portal cirrhosis
坏死后肝硬化postnecrotic cirrhosis
肝炎后肝硬化posthepatitic cirrhosis
胆汁性肝硬化biliary cirrhosis
肥皂性结肠炎soap colitis
胆道运动障碍biliary dyskinesia
胆道感染infection of biliary tract
胆囊积气pneumo-gallbladder
胆小管炎cholangiolitis
咽憩室pharyngeal diverticulum
憩室炎diverticulitis
基利安憩室Killian diverticulum
胃憩室gastric diverticulum
梅克尔憩室Meckel diverticulum
胆道贾第虫病giardiasis of biliary tract
闭塞性肝静脉内膜炎endophlebitis hepatica obliterans
胆管扩张cholangiectasis
胆总管结石病choledocholithiasis
先天性食管狭窄congenital stenosis of esophagus
先天性肥大性幽门狭窄congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
柿石diospyrobezoar
凝结物concretion
马洛里-魏斯综合征Mallory-Weiss syndrome
多囊肝polycystic liver
阿米巴[性]肝脓肿amebic liver abscess
细菌性肝脓肿bacterial liver abscess
格雷·特纳征Grey Turner sign
肝动脉造影[术]hepatic arteriography
维姆-西尔弗曼针活组织检查Vim-Silverman needle biopsy
淀粉酶-肌酸酐清除率之比amylase-creatinine clearance ratio
食管酸灌注试验esophageal acid perfusion test
基础酸排出量basal acid output
粘连性腹膜炎adhesive peritonitis
息肉病polyposis
腺瘤性息肉adenomatous polyp
类癌carcinoid
胃泌素瘤gastrinoma
胰岛素瘤insulinoma
弹性假黄色瘤pseudoxanthoma elasticum
肝静脉梗阻hepatic venous obstruction
肠血管病vascular disease of bowel
肠系膜上动脉综合征superior mesentery artery syndrome
腹腔动脉压迫综合征celiac artery compression syndrome
痉挛性结肠憩室病spastic colon diverticulosis
静脉闭塞性病veno-occlusive disease
肠系膜静脉血栓形成mesenteric venous thrombosis
门静脉血栓形成thrombosis of portal vein
幽门梗阻pyloric obstruction
胰管梗阻pancreatemphraxis
肝慢性阻性充血chronic passive congestion of liver
胃扭转volvulus of stomach
卡伦征Cullen sign
膈疝diaphragmatic hernia
胰腺分裂pancreas divisum
隐肛covered anus
库瓦西耶征Courvoisier sign
卡纳达-克朗凯特综合征Canada-Cronkhite syndrome
希尔施普龙病Hirschsprung disease
高峰酸排出量peak acid output
气囊填塞balloon tamponade
腹鸣borborygmus
反胃regurgitation
干呕retch
黏液样便mucoid stool
直肠烧灼rectal burning
肝病性口臭fetor hepaticus
急性腐蚀性食管炎acute corrosive esophagitis
反流性食管炎reflux esophagitis
食管消化性溃疡peptic ulcer of esophagus
肝大hepatomegaly
糜烂性胃炎erosive gastritis
失弛缓症achalasia
增生性胃病hyperplastic gastropathy
肠易激综合征irritable bowel syndrome
心源性肝硬化cardiac cirrhosis
肝淀粉样变性amyloidosis of liver
胆囊炎cholecystitis
胆囊积脓empyema of gallbladder
胆汁淤积cholestasis
喷射性呕吐projectile vomiting
面团感doughy sensation
成形便formed stool
蜘蛛痣spider angioma
嗜酸细胞性胃炎eosinophilic gastritis
胃黏膜脱垂prolapse of gastric mucosa
假膜性小肠结肠炎pseudomembranous enterocolitis
炎性息肉inflammatory polyp
胰岛细胞瘤islet cell tumor
伴有先天性综合征的毛细管扩张telangiectasia associated with congenital syndrome
肠缺血综合征intestinal ischemic syndrome
结肠缺血colonic ischemia
肝被膜下出血subcapsular hemorrhage of liver
食管静脉曲张esophageal varices
奥斯勒-韦伯-朗迪病Osler-Weber-Rendu disease
胃肠出血gastrointestinal bleeding
胆囊扭转torsion of gallbladder
胃食管反流gastroesophageal reflux
肠子宫内膜异位endometriosis in bowel
食管旁食管裂孔疝paraesophageal hiatus hernia
淀粉酶清除率clearance of amylase
肠动静脉畸形arteriovenous malformation of bowel
十二指肠空肠襻不全旋转incomplete rotation of duodenojejunal loop
森斯塔肯-布莱克莫尔管Sengstaken-Blakemore tube
里急后重tenesmus
腹膜炎peritonitis
水样便watery stool
食欲缺乏anorexia
呕血hematemesis
黑粪melena
精神性便秘psychogenic constipation
饮食过多hyperphagia
肠紊乱bowel disturbance
胃灼热heartburn
脾大splenomegaly
肝脾大hepatosplenomegaly
胆红素尿bilirubinuria
痉挛性肛部痛proctalgia fugax
乳糖不耐受[症]lactose intolerance
果糖不耐受[症]fructose intolerance
急性应激性溃疡acute stress ulcer
胃溃疡gastric ulcer
十二指肠溃疡duodenal ulcer
感染性胃炎infectious gastritis
藏毛病pilonidal disease
小肠炎enteritis
炎性肠病inflammatory bowel disease
溃疡性结肠炎ulcerative colitis
寄生虫性腹泻parasitic diarrhea
肝硬化cirrhosis of liver
酒精性肝硬化alcoholic cirrhosis
肝周炎perihepatitis
肝[性]昏迷前期hepatic precoma
肝[性]昏迷hepatic coma
弥漫性腹膜炎diffuse peritonitis
化脓性腹膜炎purulent peritonitis
食管憩室diverticulum of esophagus
咽食管憩室pharyngoesophageal diverticulum
胰腺炎pancreatitis
急性水肿性胰腺炎acute edematous pancreatitis
急性间质性胰腺炎acute interstitial pancreatitis
息肉polyp
多发性静脉扩张multiple phlebectasia
混合性毛细血管-海绵状血管瘤mixed capillary-cavernous hemangioma
胰石病pancreatolithiasis
胃[肠]石bezoar
毛石trichobezoar
植物石phytobezoar
埃勒斯-当洛综合征Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
波伊茨-耶格综合征Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
胃液分析gastric analysis
经皮经肝栓塞percutaneous transhepatic embolization
圈套烧灼术snare cautery
结肠非特异性溃疡nonspecific ulcer of colon
萎缩性胃炎atrophic gastritis
缺血性结肠炎ischemic colitis
小肠淤滞综合征small intestinal stasis syndrome
酒精性肝炎alcoholic hepatitis
隐源性肝硬化cryptogenic cirrhosis
先天性肝硬化congenital cirrhosis
急性肝[功能]衰竭acute hepatic failure
门体脑病portosystemic encephalopathy
呼气试验breath test
磺溴酞钠试验bromsulphalein test
直肠指检digital rectal examination
最大酸排出量maximal acid output
孤立性非特异性溃疡isolated nonspecific ulcer
肝性脑病hepatic encephalopathy
胆汁尿choleuria
胆总管扩张choledochectasia
食管探条esophageal bougie
血便bloody stool
糊状便mushy stool
半成形便semiformed stool
脾功能亢进hypersplenism
食管炎esophagitis
幽门管溃疡pyloric canal ulcer
腐蚀性胃炎corrosive gastritis
放射性结肠炎radiation colitis
假性感染性直肠炎pseudoinfectious proctitis
结肠孤立性溃疡colonic solitary ulcer
特发性弥漫性溃疡idiopathic diffuse ulcer
胃炎gastritis
十二指肠炎duodenitis
短肠short gut
肝纤维化hepatic fibrosis
变应性直肠炎allergic proctitis
胶原性结肠炎collagenous colitis
泻药性结肠cathartic colon
门静脉高压portal hypertension
肝肾综合征hepatorenal syndrome
肝梗死infarction of liver
门静脉脓血症portal pyemia
肝下垂hepatoptosis
胆囊积水hydrops of gallbladder
胆管肝炎cholangiohepatitis
胆汁胸cholothorax
胆汁引流biliary drainage
局限性腹膜炎localized peritonitis
家族性结肠息肉病familial polyposis coli
肠系膜动脉闭塞mesenteric arterial occlusion
穿孔perforation
穿透penetration
急性胃扩张acute dilatation of stomach
肠梗阻intestinal obstruction
胰腺钙化calcification of pancreas
胰腺脓肿abscess of pancreas
佐林格-埃利森综合征Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
惠普尔病Whipple disease
弗纳-莫里森综合征Verner-Morrison syndrome
巴德-基亚里综合征Budd-Chiari syndrome
罗托综合征Rotor syndrome
日尔贝综合征Gilbert syndrome
克吕韦耶-鲍姆加滕综合征Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome
杜宾-约翰逊综合征Dubin-Johnson syndrome
克里格勒-纳贾尔综合征Crigler-Najjar syndrome
经皮经肝胆管造影[术]percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
加德纳综合征Gardner syndrome
吞线试验string test
水压扩张器hydrostatic dilator
气体扩张器pneumatic dilator
光凝固[术]photocoagulation
微波凝固[术]microwave coagulation
甲胎蛋白测定alpha-fetoprotein determination
半乳糖耐量galactose tolerance
便血hematochezia
咽下部憩室hypopharyngeal diverticulum
假憩室pseudodiverticulum
胆囊周围脓肿pericholecystic abscess
膈膨升eventration of diaphragm
胰石pancreatolith
毛植物石trichophytobezoar
普卢默-文森综合征Plummer-Vinson syndrome
梅内特里耶病Me&1≠&1&trier disease
克罗恩病Crohn disease
墨菲征Murphy sign
洗胃gastric lavage
消化不良dyspepsia
粪便嵌塞fecal impaction
乳糖酶缺乏lactase deficiency
胰功能不全pancreatic insufficiency
消化性溃疡peptic ulcer
复合性胃和十二指肠溃疡combined gastric and duodenal ulcers
小肠溃疡small intestinal ulcer
外伤性直肠炎traumatic proctitis
门静脉炎pylephlebitis
肠淋巴管扩张intestinal lymphangiectasia
肠旋转不良malrotation of intestine
肠壁囊样积气pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis
结石性胰腺炎calcareus pancreatitis
畏食sitophobia
胃气胀bloating
气胀flatulence
嗳气belch
十二指肠胃反流duodenogastric reflux
黄疸jaundice
球后十二指肠溃疡postbulbar duodenal ulcer
腹水ascites
吸收不良malabsorption
全部吸收不良panmalabsorption
蜂窝织炎性胃炎phlegmonous gastritis
痘疮样胃炎gastritis varioliformis
肉芽肿性胃炎granulomatous gastritis
胆汁反流性胃炎bile reflux gastritis
嗜酸细胞性胃肠炎eosinophilic gastroenteritis
病毒性腹泻viral diarrhea
胆管周围炎pericholangitis
胆管炎cholangitis
胆总管炎choledochitis
脂肪肝fatty liver
急性坏死性胰腺炎acute necrotizing pancreatitis
化脓性胰腺炎purulent pancreatitis
酒精性胰腺炎alcoholic pancreatitis
外伤性胰腺炎traumatic pancreatitis
无菌性腹膜炎aseptic peritonitis
胆汁性腹膜炎biliary peritonitis
乳糜性腹膜炎chyle peritonitis
增生性息肉hyperplastic polyp
化生性息肉metaplastic polyp
幼年性息肉juvenile polyp
假息肉pseudopolyp
非闭塞性肠梗死nonocclusive intestinal infarction
憩室病diverticulosis
结肠憩室病diverticular disease of colon
憩室前期prediverticular stage
胰腺假囊肿pancreatic pseudocyst
胰腺囊肿pancreatic cyst
胆总管囊肿choledochal cyst
腹主动脉瘤abdominal aortic aneurysm
肠血管异常vascular abnormality of intestine
肠血管发育异常angiodysplasia of bowel
十二指肠蹼duodenal web
巨十二指肠megaduodenum
巨结肠megacolon
食管裂孔疝hiatus hernia
滑动性食管裂孔疝sliding hiatus hernia
胆囊钙化calcification of gallbladder
特科特综合征Turcot syndrome
腹腔穿刺[术]peritoneocentesis
体外肝灌注extra-corporeal liver perfusion


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