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常见医学名词中英文对照表——显微外科学

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部分分表数据:

中文名称英文名称
浅筋膜superficial fascia
肌间隔皮血管intercompartment septocutaneous vessel
功能康复functional rehabilitation
多指多平面离断multiple digits and multiple segments amputation
穿支超薄皮瓣thinned perforator flap
断肢保存preservation of the amputated limb 
皮下组织皮瓣subcutaneous flap
臀上动脉穿支皮瓣superior gluteal artery perforator flap
肌皮动脉musculocutaneous artery
断指保存preservation of the amputated finger
瓣部flap proper
瓣膜失活途径逆流incompetent valve route retrograde flow
皮管tubed flap
额部皮瓣forehead flap
前臂桡侧皮瓣radial forearm flap
意大利皮瓣Italian flap
侧腹部皮瓣lateral abdominal flap
筋膜瓣fascial flap
“迷宫式途径”逆流by-pass route retrograde flow
rotation arc
皮瓣旋转flap rotation
颞顶筋膜瓣temporoparietal fascial flap
胸大肌肌皮瓣pectoralis major myocutaneous flap
肩胛旁皮瓣parascapular flap
压疮pressure sore
双蒂皮瓣bi-pedicle flap
静脉血二次逆流double retrograde venous flow
血管神经蒂功能性肌瓣functional neurovascular pedicled muscle flap
皮瓣断蒂flap pedicle division
皮瓣交叉移植术flap cross transposition
皮瓣插植flap interpolation
胸脐皮瓣thoracic umbilical flap
创面分期wound stage
舌骨下肌肌皮瓣submental myocutaneous flap
顺行皮瓣antegrade-flow flap
指蹼皮瓣finger web flap
手指锯齿状阶梯推进岛状皮瓣digital stepladder advancement flap
足底外侧皮瓣lateral planter flap
指背侧旗帜皮瓣dorsal digital flag flap
股内侧肌肌皮瓣medial vastus myocutaneous flap
背阔肌-腹股沟联体皮瓣latissimus-groin siamese flap
手背尺侧皮瓣dorsoulnar metacarpal flap
拇指单蒂旋转推进皮瓣thumb unipedicle rotation advancement flap
足内侧皮瓣medial pedis flap
臂内侧下部筋膜皮瓣lower medial arm fasciocutaneous flap
单蒂指背皮瓣uni-pedicle dorsal digital flap
臂外侧上部筋膜皮瓣upper lateral arm fasciocutaneous flap
手指单蒂岛状推进皮瓣uni-pedicle digital island advancement flap
前臂尺侧皮瓣ulnar forearm flap
跗外侧动脉皮瓣lateral tarsal artery flap
拇指桡背侧神经血管蒂岛状皮瓣dorsoradial neurovascular thumb island flap
臀部筋膜皮瓣gluteal fasciocutaneous flap
指动脉终末背侧支岛状皮瓣dorsal digital flap based on the terminal branch of digital artery
拇指双蒂岛状推进皮瓣thumb bi-pedicle island advancement flap
交指皮瓣digital cross flap
臂外侧下部筋膜皮瓣lower lateral arm fasciocutaneous flap
前臂外侧皮神经营养血管皮瓣lateral antebrachial neurocutaneous flap
跖背动脉皮瓣dorsal metatarsal flap
红骨髓red bone marrow
内环骨板层layer of inner circumferential lamella
颞深血管蒂颅骨外板骨骨瓣outer table calvarial bone flap based on the deep temporal vessel
成骨区zone of ossification
不规则骨irregular bone
骨质疏松osteoporosis
次级骨化中心secondary ossification center
生长板growth plate
长骨long bone
骨肿瘤bone tumor
骨膜瓣periosteal flap
骨原细胞osteoprogenitor cell
黄骨髓yellow bone marrow
骨小梁bone trabecula
骨细胞osteocyte
基质小泡matrix vesicle
骨髓炎osteomyelitis
骨痂形成porosis
外踝前血管蒂跟骨骨瓣calcaneus bone flap based on the anterior lateral malleolus vessel
跗外侧血管蒂跟骨前外侧骨瓣anterolateral calcaneus bone flap based on the lateral tarsal vessel
胫骨骨瓣tibial bone flap 
臀上血管深上支蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap based on the deep superior branch of superior gluteal   vessel
骰骨骨瓣cuboid bone flap
旋肩胛血管深支蒂肩胛骨骨瓣scapula bone flap based on the deep branch of circumflex scapular vessel
尺骨骨膜瓣ulnar periosteal flap
骶外侧血管蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap pedicled on the lateral sacral vessel
足底内侧血管浅支蒂足舟骨骨瓣navicular bone flap based on the superficial branch of medial plantar   vessel
肋骨骨瓣rib bone flap
跖骨骨瓣metatarsal bone flap
肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap
肩胛上血管冈下支蒂肩胛冈骨瓣scapula spine bone flap based on the inferior branch of suprascapular   vessel
尺侧返血管蒂肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap based on the ulnar recurrent vessel
股血管直接骨膜支蒂股骨骨膜瓣 femoral periosteal flap based on the direct periosteal branches of   femoral artery
有髓神经纤维myelinated nerve fiber
环层小体lamellar corpuscle
尺神经ulnar nerve
股深血管穿血管蒂股骨骨膜瓣femoral periosteal flap based on the perforating vessel of deep femoral   vessel
肩胛背神经dorsal scapular nerve
神经纤维nerve fiber
胃网膜动脉弓gastroepiploic arterial arcade
前臂内侧皮神经medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve
股后皮神经posterior femoral cutaneous nerve
膝下外血管蒂腓骨骨瓣fibular bone flap based on the lateral inferior genicular vessel
神经胶质细胞glial cell
股骨骨膜瓣femoral periosteal flap 
副神经accessory nerve
淋巴结移植术lymph node transplantation
继发性淋巴水肿secondary lymphedema
交感神经节sympathetic ganglion
大网膜移植术great omentum grafting
周围神经系统peripheral nervous system
内脏运动神经末梢visceral motor nerve ending
副交感神经节parasympathetic ganglion
脊髓拴系综合征tethered cord syndrome
肌紧张muscular tension
生长锥cone of growth
兴奋性突触excitatory synapse
跟腱反射achilles tendon reflex
神经内膜endoneurium
机械性神经损伤mechanical nerve injury
肛神经anal nerve
腕尺管综合征ulnar tunnel syndrome 
正中神经返支卡压综合征median nerve recurrent branch entrapment syndrome
梨状肌综合征pyriformis syndrome
胸廓出口综合征thoracic outlet syndrome
缝隙连接gap junction
运动麻痹motor paralysis
逆向变性retrograde degeneration
旋前圆肌综合征pronator syndrome
非突触性化学传递non-synaptic chemical transmission
腓浅神经superficial peroneal nerve
前跗管综合征anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome
化学突触chemical synapse
神经卡压综合征nerve entrapment syndrome
斜角肌压迫试验Adson test
运动单位波形motor unit potential wave
运动诱发电位motion evoked potential
肌力练习strength training
募集反应recruiting response
组胺潮红试验histamine flush test
振动觉vibration sensation
上臂缺血试验Roos test
运动单位电位motor unit potential
物理疗法physiotherapy
假肌强直电活动pseudomyotonic discharge
运动疗法exercise therapy
多相电位polyphasic potential
骨骼肌神经桥接术skeletal muscle neural prosthesis
药物治疗drug treatment
热疗法thermotherapy
神经节苷脂ganglioside
丛内神经移位术intra-plexus nerve transfer
肌皮神经肱肌肌支移位术brachialis branch of musculocutaneous nerve transfer
电缆式神经移植术cable nerve grafting
膀胱去传入术bladder deafferentation
部分尺神经移位术Oberlin procedure
基因治疗gene therapy
肋间神经移位术intercostal nerve transfer
神经外松解术external neurolysis
神经激光缝合法laser suture of nerve
组织构建tissue construction
带蒂神经移植术pedicled nerve grafting
二瘫型脑瘫diplegic type of cerebral palsy
肌张力障碍型脑瘫dystonic type of cerebral palsy
神经缝合术neurorrhaphy
再生医学regeneration medicine
臂丛损伤brachial plexus injury
生物组织工程bioartificial tissue engineering
臂丛根性损伤brachial plexus root injury
趋化因子chemotactic factor
肌腱粘连tendon adhesion
趾-指移植术toe-to-hand transfer
自体肾上腺移植术adrenal autotransplantation
甲状腺下静脉inferior thyroid vein
肌瓣muscle flap
白介素interleukin
卵巢动脉ovarian artery
细胞因子cytokine
胶质细胞源性神经营养因子glial cell linederived neurotrophic factor
欧文吻合术Owen anastomosis
pancreas
同种睾丸移植术homogeneity transplantation of testis
睾丸静脉testicular vein
神经营养素-4/5neurotropin-4/5
脑源性神经生长因子brain-derived growth factor
甲状腺中静脉middle thyroid vein
血管灌洗vessel perfusion
表皮epidermis
集落刺激因子colony stimulating factor
动脉危象arterial crisis
血管扭转torsion of blood vessel
节段征sign of segmentation
二定点端端缝合术two stay sutures end-to-end anastomosis
红线征red line sign
皮肤颜色skin color
唧筒征sign of pump
趾背动脉dorsal digital artery of toe
足背动脉dorsalis pedics artery
指纹finger print
腱纽vincula tendinum
皮纹dermatoglyph
足底深弓plantar deep arch
伸肌腱终腱terminal extensor tendon
足底深支deep plantar artery
指掌侧固有神经proper digital nerve 
埋入式套圈缝合术embedded loop suture
拇主要动脉principal artery of thumb
血管内膜tunica intima
伸肌腱中央束central extensor band
屈肌支持带flexor retinaculum
横行纤维束horizontal fibrous band
拇长屈肌腱flexor pollicis longus tendon
横束transverse retinacular band 
双十字缝合术double crucial silk suture
皮管植骨指再造术finger reconstruction by skin tube and bone graft
骨折内固定internal fixation of fracture
多指离断再植术multiple amputated digits replantation
撕脱性离断avulsion amputation
残指移位拇指再造术pollicization of finger stump
后足离断metapodium amputation
肌腱张力tendon tension
急诊拇-手指再造术emergency thumb-finger reconstruction
骨折固定bone fixation
前臂离断forearm amputation
骨短缩shortening of bone
外愈合external healing process
拇指延长术bone lengthening of thumb
十指离断再植术ten-digit replantation
逆行法再植术retrograde order of replantation
异位再植术heterotopic replantation
一期拇-手指再造术primary thumb-finger reconstruction
手指再造术finger reconstruction
瓦合皮瓣拇指再造术thumb reconstruction with coupling flaps
踝关节离断ankle amputation
小腿离断leg amputation
肩关节离断shoulder amputation
交叉克氏针内固定crossing Kirschner wire internal fixation
纵向克氏针髓内固定longitudinal intramedullary Kirschner wire fixation
感觉重叠带sensory overlapping region
带蒂穿支皮瓣pedicled perforator flap
皮下脂肪微静脉网subcutaneous venous plexus
阔筋膜穿支皮瓣tensor fascia latae perforator flap
断肢再植术replantation of amputated limb
多指离断multiple digits amputation
联合皮瓣siamese flap
复合组织瓣compound flap
局部痛localized pain
远位皮瓣distant flap
显微外科解剖学microsurgical anatomy
小管道显微外科[学]microsurgery of small duct
抑制性突触inhibitory synapse
动静脉瘘arteriovenous fistula
显微冲洗器micro-irrigator
显微卡尺micro-caliper-rule
数字减影血管造影digital substraction angiography
再植replantation
膝上内侧皮瓣medial supragenicular flap
显微合拢器micro-approximator
微型吸引器头minor suction tube
逆行皮瓣retrograde-flow flap
肿瘤坏死因子tumornecrosis factor
吻合血管移植vascularized transplantation
带蒂转位pedicled transposition
丹参Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae
液压扩张术hydraulic dilatation
局部浸润麻醉local infiltration anesthesia
硬膜外阻滞epidural block
血管板结征sign of hardening of blood vessel
动脉栓塞arterial thrombosis
术后制动postoperative immobilization
麻醉机anesthesia machine
手术显微镜operating microscope
无创技术atraumatic technique
丁哌卡因marcaine
血管修复repair of vessel
潘生丁persantin 
冬眠疗法hibernotherapy
针距distance between needle and needle
普鲁卡因procaine
患肢抬高elevation of the affected extremity
甲上皮eponychium
复合皮瓣composite flap
断腕再植术replantation of amputa-ted wrist
再植肢体坏死necrosis of replanted limb 
关节活动度range of motion
深部源动脉deep source artery
深筋膜deep fascia
股前外侧穿支皮瓣anterolateral thigh perforator flap
真皮血管网dermal vascular plexus
穿支嵌合皮瓣chimeric perforator flap
体被组织integument
肌腱皮瓣teno cutaneous flap
深静脉deep vein
筋膜皮瓣fasciocutaneous flap
神经旁血管网paraneural vascular plexus
肌皮动脉穿支perforating branch of musculocutaneous artery
筋膜隔fascia septum
肌间隔穿支皮瓣septocutaneous perforator flap
断臂再植术replantation of amputated arm
逆行岛状皮瓣reverse-flow island flap
浅静脉营养血管皮瓣venocutaneous flap
植入血管预构皮瓣vessel-implanted prefabricated flap
皮瓣受区flap recipient site
推进皮瓣flap advancement
皮肤扩张术skin expansion
断蒂时间time for pedicle division
血管体区cutaneous angiosome
解剖平面dissection plane
印度皮瓣Indian flap
皮瓣带蒂转位pedicled flap transposition
皮瓣次要并发症minor complications of flap
肋间外侧皮瓣lateral intercostal flap
皮瓣设计flap design
腰骶筋膜皮瓣lumbosacral fasciocutaneous flap
腰臀筋膜皮瓣lumbo-gluteal fasciocutaneous flap
侧方蒂皮瓣laterally-pedicled flap
单蒂皮瓣uni-pedicle flap
皮瓣感觉神经植入sensory nerve implantation to flap
皮肤缺损skin defect
肩胛皮瓣scapular flap
慢性创面chronic wound
压力平衡规律law of pressure equilibrium
解剖学供区anatomic territory
虎口背侧皮瓣dorsal first web space flap
骨间后动脉皮瓣posterior interosseous artery flap
手指背外侧岛状推进皮瓣laterodorsal digital island advancement flap
旋前方肌肌瓣pronator quadratus muscle flap
掌背动脉穿支皮瓣dorsal metacarpal artery perforator flap
骨间前动脉腕背穿支皮瓣anterior interosseous artery perforator flap
腓动脉逆行岛状皮瓣peroneal artery reverse-flow island flap
拇指尺背侧皮瓣dorsoulnar thumb flap
鼻烟窝穿支皮瓣snuff-box perforator-based flap
尺动脉近侧穿支皮瓣proximal ulnar artery perforator flap
掌侧V-Y推进皮瓣volar V-Y advancement flap
前臂内侧皮神经营养血管皮瓣medial antebrachial neurocutaneous flap
股二头肌长头肌肌皮瓣biceps femoris [long head] myocutaneous flap
缝匠肌肌皮瓣sartorius myocutaneous flap
手指掌侧推进皮瓣volar advancement flap
胫后动脉皮瓣posterior tibial artery flap
外踝上皮瓣lateral supramalleolar flap
拇指掌侧推进皮瓣thumb volar advancement flap
示指背皮瓣dorsal index flap
桡动脉近侧穿支皮瓣proximal radial artery perforator-based flap
背阔肌-腹直肌联体皮瓣latissimus-rectus siamese flap
腓肠肌肌皮瓣gastrocnemius myocutaneous flap
膜内成骨intramembranous ossification
骺板epiphyseal plate
软骨钙化区zone of calcifying cartilage
胫后动脉逆行岛状皮瓣posterior tibial artery reverse-flow island flap
骨不连bone nonunion
骨基质bone matrix
骺软骨epiphyseal cartilage
骨膜periosteum
骨破坏bone destruction
骨板bone lamella
初级骨化中心primary ossification center
纤维软骨fibrocartilage
骨陷窝bone lacuna
间骨板interstitial lamella
穿通管perforating canal
成骨细胞osteoblast
骨松质spongy bone
软骨内成骨cartilaginous ossification
外骨痂external callus
枕血管蒂颅骨外板骨骨瓣outer table calvarial bone flap based on the occipital vessel
肋间后血管蒂肋骨骨瓣rib bone flap based on the posterior intercostal vessel
腓血管穿支降支蒂胫腓骨骨膜瓣tibiofibular periosteal flap based on the descending perforating branch   of fibular vessel
尺侧腕屈肌蒂豌豆骨骨瓣flexor carpi ulnaris pedicled pisiform bone flap
腓血管穿支降支蒂跟骨骨瓣calcaneus bone flap based on the descending perforating branch of fibular   vessel
胫前返血管蒂腓骨骨瓣fibular bone flap based on the anterior tibial recurrent vessel
腓浅血管蒂胫骨骨膜瓣tibial periosteal flap based on the superficial fibular vessel
旋髂深血管蒂髂骨骨膜瓣iliac periosteal flap based on the deep iliac circumflex vessel
桡侧副血管蒂肱骨骨膜骨瓣humeral osteoperiosteal flap based on the radial collateral vessel
旋髂浅血管蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap based on the superficial iliac circumflex vessel
胫前血管蒂腓骨骨瓣fibular bone flap based on the anterior tibial vessel
尺侧上副血管蒂肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap based on the superior collateral ulnar vessel
跗外侧血管蒂骰骨骨瓣cuboid bone flap based on the lateral tarsal vessel
尺侧下副血管蒂肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap based on the inferior ulnar collateral vessel
三角肌蒂锁骨骨瓣deltoid pedicled clavicular flap
阔筋膜张肌蒂髂骨骨瓣tensor fasciae latae pedicled iliac bone flap
髂骨骨膜瓣iliac periosteal flap
颈横血管深支蒂肩胛骨骨瓣scapula bone flap based on the deep branch of transverse cervical vessel
桡侧返血管蒂肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap based on the radial recurrent vessel
骨间前血管蒂尺骨骨膜瓣ulnar periosteal flap based on the anterior interosseous vessel
三角肌蒂肩胛冈骨瓣deltoid pedicled scapula spine bone flap
缝匠肌肌蒂髂骨骨瓣sartorius pedicled iliac flap
股方肌蒂股骨大转子骨瓣quadratus femoris pedicled greater trochanter bone flap
旋肱前血管蒂肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap based on the anterior humeral circumflex vessel
隐血管蒂胫骨骨膜瓣tibial periosteal flap based on the saphenous vessel
内踝前血管蒂足舟骨骨瓣navicular bone flap based on the anterior medial malleolar vessel
跟骨骨瓣calcaneus bone flap
斜方肌蒂肩胛冈骨瓣trapezius pedicled scapula spine bone flap
掌背血管蒂尺骨骨瓣ulnar bone flap based on the metacarpal vessel
跟外侧血管蒂跟骨骨瓣calcaneus bone flap based on the lateral calcaneal vessel
趾短伸肌蒂跟骨骨瓣extensor digitorum brevis pedicled calcaneus bone flap
前锯肌蒂肋骨骨瓣serratus anterior pedicled rib bone flap
跖背血管蒂跖骨骨瓣metatarsal bone flap based on the dorsal metatarsal vessel
肩胛下神经subscapular nerve
大网膜边缘动脉弓marginal arterial arc of omentum
感觉神经纤维sensory nerve fiber
锁骨上神经supraclavicular nerve
胃网膜左动脉left gastroepiploic artery
阴蒂神经perineal nerve of clitoris
耳大神经great auricular nerve
自主神经节autonomic ganglion
臂丛brachial plexus
神经元neuron
脑脊神经节cerebrospinal ganglion
第一穿血管升支蒂股骨大转子骨瓣greater trochanter bone flap based on the ascending branch of the first   perforating vessel
神经组织nerve tissue
阴茎神经perineal nerve of penis
生殖股神经genitofemoral nerve
突触化学传递synaptic chemical transmission
神经营养neurotrophy
莫顿跖骨痛Morton metatarsalgia
股神经卡压综合征femoral nerve entrapment syndrome
猿手畸形monkey paw deformity
轴突断伤axonotmesis
骶丛sacral plexus
股外侧皮神经lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
Ⅱ度损伤second degree injury
霍纳综合征Horner syndrome
幻肢痛phantom limb pain
慢速转运slow transportation
轴质运输axoplasmic transport
Ⅵ度损伤sixth degree injury
施万细胞变性Schwann cell degeneration
血液循环监护circulation care
控制性降压controlled hypotension
血管扩张vascular dilatation
腱鞘tendinous sheath
掌腱膜palmar aponeurosis
动脉artery
虎口first web space of hand
远节指骨粗隆tuberosity of distal phalanx
指屈肌腱flexor tendons of the fingers
第一跖背动脉first dorsal metatarsal artery
第一跖足底总动脉first common plantar metatarsal artery
掌浅弓superficial palmar arch
掌浅静脉弓superficial palmar venous arch
津下套圈缝合术Tsuge loop suture
“8”字缝合术figure of “8” suture
鱼际肌thenar muscle
伸肌腱装置extensor apparatus
腱帽tendon hood
掌骨深横韧带deep transverse metacarpal ligament
对掌功能opponens function
艾伦试验Allen’s test
鱼际纹thenar crease
矢状纤维束vertical fibrous band
指横纹finger crease
毛细血管capillary
皮系韧带skin anchoring ligaments 
解剖鼻烟壶anatomic snuff box
腕掌纹wrist palmar crease
大隐静脉great saphenous vein
肌腱移植术tendon graft
残端修整术stump revision
优势动脉dominant artery
长趾移植术long toe transplantation 
完全离断complete amputation
压砸性离断crushing amputation
大腿离断thigh amputation
离断平面level of amputation
顺行法再植术routine order of replantation
前臂分叉术Kruckenberg’s bifurcation operation
修饰性手指再造术aesthetic finger reconstruction
小儿断趾再植术replantation of amputated finger in children
指尖离断fingertip amputation
脱套伤degloving injury
指骨固定phalangeal bone fixation
指延长术bone lengthening of finger
第二套供血系统second blood supply system
寄养回植术replantation of temporary heterotopic replanted limb or finger
静脉皮瓣venous flap
感觉自主带pure sensory region
再植时限time limit of replantation
毛细血管后微静脉postcapillary venule
基部base
多平面离断multiple segments amputation
断掌再植术replantation of amputated palm
穿静脉perforating vein
筋膜蒂皮瓣fascia-pedicled flap
蒂部pedicle
游离皮瓣free flap
一期神经修复primary nerve repair
CT脊髓造影CT myelography
单纯相monophase
过度外展试验Wright test
肌腱转位术tendon transfer
神经电位neuropotential
延迟一期神经修复delay primary nerve repair
H反射Hoffmann reflex
完全性感觉缺失complete anesthesia
二期神经修复secondary nerve repair
肋锁挤压试验Eden test
深感觉deep sensation
纤颤电位fibrillation potential
躯体感觉诱发电位somatosensory evoked potential
神经传导速度nerve conduction velocity
磁共振成像magnetic resonance imaging
水疗法hydrotherapy
神经延长术nerve lengthening
副神经移位术accessory nerve transfer
撕脱神经根回植术reimplantation of avulsed spinal nerve
丛外神经移位术exo-plexus nerve transfer
克隆cloning
细胞外基质extracellular matrix
神经端侧缝合术end-lateral neurorrhaphy
转基因transgene
神经移植术nerve grafting
全臂丛损伤complete brachial plexus injury
颈丛运动支移位术motor branch transfer of cervical plexus 
神经束膜缝合术perineural suture
神经束膜松解术perineurial neurolysis
臂丛外侧束损伤lateral cord injury of brachial plexus
组织工程化人工神经bioartificial tissue engineering nerve
膀胱功能重建术functional bladder reconstruction
神经外膜缝合术epineural suture
臂丛干损伤trunk of brachial plexus injury
脑瘫分型classification of cerebral palsy 
输卵管静脉vena oviductus
肾上腺动脉吻合suprarenal arterial anastomosis
甲状腺上静脉superior thyroid vein
同种卵巢移植术homogeneity transplantation of ovary
腹壁下静脉inferior epigastric vein
输卵管复通术salpingostomy
胰尾动脉caudal pancreatic artery
附睾-输精管吻合术epididymisvasovasostomy
自体卵巢移植术autoallergic transplantation of ovary
干扰素interferon
神经生长因子nerve growth factor
雅各布森全层吻合术Jacobson full-thickness anastomosis
输卵管粘连分离术salpingolysis
胸腺动脉thymus artery
胎儿甲状腺-甲状旁腺移植术foetus thyroid-parathyroid transplantation
胰十二指肠上动脉superior pancreaticoduodenal artery
显微尺micro-ruler
脊椎麻醉spinal anesthesia
骨折外固定external bone fixation
显微血管叉micro-fork head counter pressor
血管危象vascular crisis
医源性神经损伤iatrogenic nerve injury
异位移植术heterotopic transplantation
同种移植术allotransplantation
成体干细胞adult stem cell
指背动脉dorsal digital artery
磁疗法magnetotherapy
桡骨骨瓣radial bone flap
周围神经显微外科[学]microsurgery of peripheral nerve
显微外科技术microsurgical technique
小器官移植显微外科[学]microsurgery of small organ transplantation
转位transposition
显微血管钩micro-hook head counter pressor
显微修复microsurgical repair
自体下颌下腺移植术autologous submandibular gland transfer
阔筋膜张肌皮瓣tensor fascia lata flap
碘淀粉试验iodoamylum test
血管夹blood vessel clamp
麻痹paralysis
甲窦nail sinus
动脉供血不足arterial insufficiency
三抗措施3-anti-measurement
妥拉苏林benzazoline
氯胺酮ketamine
外膜剥离术adventitial stripping
阿司匹林aspirin
边距distance between suture and edge
甲弧影lunule of nail 
三定点端端缝合术three stay sutures end-to-end anastomosis
顽固性血管痉挛refractory vascular spasm
临床麻醉clinical anesthesia
无复流现象no-reflow phenomenon
静脉危象venous crisis
肌电图electromyogram
实体觉stereognostic sensation
温度觉temperature sensation
感觉神经传导速度sensory nerve conduction velocity
肌强直电活动myotonic discharge
自发痛spontaneous pain
触觉touch sensation
新生电位neogenesis potential
维生素Bvitamin B
运动神经传导速度motor nerve conduction velocity
痛觉pain sensation
干扰相interference phase
高压氧疗法hyperbaric oxygen treatment
低频脉冲电疗法low frequency impulse current therapy
他克莫司tacrolimus
自发电位spontaneous potential
复合肌肉动作电位compound muscle action potential
浅感觉superficial sensation
感觉异常paraesthesia
臂丛束损伤cord injury brachial plexus 
神经干细胞neural stem cell
偏瘫型脑瘫hemiplegic type of cerebral palsy
器官移植术organ transplantation
万能干细胞omnipotent stem cell
造血干细胞hemopoietic stem cell
手足徐动型脑瘫choreoathetoid type of cerebral palsy
上臂丛损伤upper brachial plexus injury
健侧C7神经根移位术contralateral C7 nerve root transfer
细胞因子治疗cytokine therapy
骶神经前根电刺激排尿术sacral anterior root stimulated micturitier
神经松解术neurolysis
游离神经移植术free nerve grafting
同侧C7神经根移位术ipsilateral C7 nerve root transfer
膀胱完全去传入术bladder complete deafferentation
合成聚酯composite polyester
神经外膜束膜缝合术epiperineurial neurorrhaphy
无细胞基质acellular matrix
痉挛性膀胱spastic bladder
膀胱部分去传入术bladder partial deafferentation
电刺激排尿术electric stimulus urination
骨髓基质干细胞marrow stroma stem cell
下臂丛损伤lower brachial plexus injury
胰十二指肠下动脉inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery
深筋膜微静脉网deep fascial venous plexus
卵巢ovary
自体睾丸移植术autotransplantation of testis
自体甲状旁腺移植术parathyroid autotransplantation
胰下动脉inferior pancreatic artery
下颌下腺submandibular gland
睾丸testis
胸腺thymus
肾上腺上动脉superior suprarenal artery
白血病抑制因子leukemia inhibitory factor
掌深弓deep palmar arch
肾上腺suprarenal gland
输精管吻合术vasovasostomy
肾上腺中动脉middle suprarenal artery
西贝尔吻合术Siber anastomosis
扁骨flat bone
骨梗死infarct of bone
骨关节炎osteoarthritis
颞筋膜蒂颅骨外板骨骨瓣temporal fascia pedicled outer table calvarial bone flap
骨塑形bone moulding
骨重建bone remodeling
肌蒂骨膜瓣muscle pedicled periosteal flap
比目鱼肌蒂胫骨骨膜瓣tibial periosteal flap based on soleus
旋股内侧血管深支蒂股骨大转子骨瓣greater trochanter bone flap based on the deep branch of medial   circumflex femoral vessel
旋肱后血管蒂肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap based on the posterior humeral circumflex vessel
胫后血管肌间隙支胫骨骨膜瓣tibial periosteal flap based on the intermuscular septum branch of   posterior tibial vessel
肱骨骨膜骨瓣humeral osteoperiosteal flap
胸锁乳突肌蒂锁骨骨瓣sternocleidomastoid pedicled clavicular flap
旋前方肌蒂桡骨骨膜瓣pronator quadratus pedicled radial periosteal flap
颈横血管肩胛冈支蒂肩胛冈骨瓣scapula spine bone flap based on the scapular spine branch of transverse   cervical vessel
胫骨骨膜瓣tibial periosteal flap 
旋股外侧血管升支蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap pedicled on the ascending branch of lateral circumflex   femoral vessel
尺骨骨瓣ulnar bone flap
骨间前血管腕背支蒂头状骨骨瓣capitate bone flap based on the dorsal branch of anterior interosseous   vessel
桡血管蒂桡骨骨膜瓣radial periosteal flap based on the radial vessel
跗内侧血管蒂楔骨骨瓣cuneiform bone flap based on the medial tarsal vessel
筋膜蒂肱骨骨膜瓣fascia pedicled humeral periosteal flap
突起ecphyma
浅淋巴结superficial lymph node
树突dendrite
感觉神经末梢sensory nerve ending
淋巴管移植术lymphatic vessel grafting
胃网膜右动脉right gastroepiploic artery
胸导管吻合术anastomosis of thoracic duct
肌梭muscle spindle
网膜后动脉posterior epiploon artery
乳房淋巴水肿lymphedema of breast
网膜前动脉anterior epiploon artery
施万细胞Schwann cell
肌皮神经musculocutaneous nerve
大网膜greater omentum
淋巴结-静脉吻合术lymph node-venous anastomosis
髓鞘myelin sheath
有被囊神经末梢capsular nerve ending
浅淋巴管superficial lymphatic vessel
运动终板motor end plate
乳糜尿chyluria
原发性淋巴水肿lymphedema praecox
乳糜溢chylorrhea
物理性神经损伤physical nerve injury
垂腕畸形wrist-drop deformity
神经束膜perineurium
隐神经saphenous nerve
神经根性撕脱伤nerve root avulsion injury
牵张反射stretch reflex
神经再生nerve regeneration
Ⅲ度损伤third degree injury
神经外膜epineurium
逆向转运retrograde transport
腕管综合征carpal tunnel syndrome
跗管综合征tarsal tunnel syndrome
神经束nerve fasicle
腓肠神经sural nerve
扩散痛diffused pain
Ⅰ度损伤first degree injury
血-神经屏障blood-nerve barrier
蒂内尔征Tinel sign
爪状趾畸形claw-like toe deformity
肌皮动脉缘支circumferential branch of musculocutaneous artery
嵌合皮瓣chimeric flap
筋膜皮下瓣adipofascial flap
真皮下血管网皮瓣subcutaneous vascular plexus flap
临界关闭压critical closure pressure
穿支皮瓣perforator flap
十指离断ten-digit amputation
链型皮瓣link pattern flap
静脉动脉化皮瓣arterialized venous flap
前足离断propodium amputation
肌皮瓣myocutaneous flap
血流动力学供区hemodynamics territory
胸三角皮瓣deltopectoral skin flap
腹直肌肌皮瓣rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap
侧胸部皮瓣lateral thoracic flap
胸锁乳突肌肌皮瓣sternomastoid myocutaneous flap
flap dimension 
pivot point
内增压turbocharge
皮瓣感觉功能重建flap sensation reconstruction
半岛状皮瓣pennisular flap
阴股沟皮瓣pudendal-thigh flap
颈阔肌皮瓣platysmus myocutaneous flap
前踝上皮瓣anterior supramalleolar flap
膝上外侧皮瓣lateral supragenicular flap
小鱼际皮瓣hypothenar flap
股外侧肌肌皮瓣lateral vastus myocutaneous flap
腓动脉皮瓣peroneal artery flap
股直肌肌皮瓣rectus femoris myocutaneous flap
尺动脉腕上皮支皮瓣forearm dorso-ulnar flap
臂后侧筋膜皮瓣posterior arm fasciocutaneous flap
胫前动脉逆行岛状皮瓣anterior tibial artery reverse-flow island flap
腓浅神经营养血管筋膜皮瓣superficial peroneal neuroveno-fasciocutaneous flap
臂内侧上部筋膜皮瓣upper medial arm fasciocutaneous flap
示指桡背侧皮神经营养血管皮瓣neurocutaneous flap of the dorsoradial index finger
隐神经-大隐静脉营养血管筋膜皮瓣saphenous neuro-veno-fasciocutaneous flap
掌背动脉皮瓣dorsal metacarpal artery flap
胫前动脉皮瓣anterior tibial artery flap
股薄肌肌皮瓣gracilis myocutaneous flap
小指展肌皮瓣abductor digiti minimi flap
股前外侧皮瓣anterolateral thigh flap
大鱼际皮瓣thenar flap
短骨short bone
爬行替代creeping substitution
骨瓣bone flap
骨骺osteoepiphysis
弹性软骨elastic cartilage
颏下血管蒂下颌骨骨瓣mandible bone flap based on the submental vessel
骨髓腔bone medullary cavity
额肌帽状腱膜蒂颅骨外板骨骨瓣frontalis and galea aponeurotica pedicled compound outer table calvarial   bone flap
显微外科技术训练microsurgical technique training
神经阻滞麻醉nerve blocking anesthesia
掌板volar plate
邦内尔缝合术Bunnell tendon suture
血管外膜tunica adventitia
双套圈缝合术double loop suture
血管中膜tunica media
克莱纳特缝合术Kleinert tendon suture
指浅屈肌腱tendon of flexor digitorum superficialis
虎口狭窄narrowing of first web
指掌侧固有动脉proper palmar digital artery
肌腱缝合术tendon suture
掌浅横韧带superficial transverse metacarpal ligament
指背静脉dorsal digital vein
跖背静脉dorsal metatarsal vein
指掌侧总动脉common palmar digital artery
斜束oblique retinacular band
编织缝合术interwoven tendon suture
纵行纤维束longitudinal fibrous band
指伸肌腱tendon of extenson digitorum
手再造术hand reconstruction
帽状皮瓣拇指延长术cocked hat thumb lengthening
吻合血管趾关节移植术vascularized toe joint transfer
肘关节离断elbow amputation
双趾串联再造手指法double second toes bridging [joint] reconstruction
单指再造术reconstruction of single digit
肌腱愈合tendon healing process
断肢limb amputation
断掌palm amputation
缺血时间ischemia duration
原位再植术orthotopic replantation
择期拇-手指再造术selective thumb-finger reconstruction
寄养再植术temporary heterotopic replantation
多平面断指再植术multiple segments amputated finger replantation
延期再植术delayed replantation
小儿断肢再植术replantation of amputated limb in children
带足背皮瓣第二趾移植术extended second toe free transfer
早二期拇-手指再造术early staged thumb-finger reconstruction
断腕wrist amputation
局部皮瓣local flap
再植指体坏死necrosis of replanted digit
毛细血管前括约肌precapillary sphincter
真皮下血管网subdermal vascular plexus
主干带小分支血管artery trunk with branch
异体肢体移植术limb allograft
神经移位nerve transfer
旁原位移植术paratopic transplantation
单目手术显微镜monocular operative microscope
腹股沟皮瓣groin flap
再造[术]reconstruction
拔甲渗血capillary hemorrhage by nail extraction
深淋巴管deep lymphatic vessel
显微外科器械microsurgery instrument
光电容积描绘仪photoelectric plethysmography
显微持针器microsurgical needle holder
蚓状肌lumbricales
复合移植术cograft
移植[术]transplantation
皮肤张力线Langer’s skin tension line
供体donor
皮肤附属器skin accessory organ
肱深血管蒂肱骨骨膜骨瓣humeral osteoperiosteal flap based on the deep brachial vessel
突触囊泡synaptic vesicle
罂粟碱papaverine
全身麻醉general anesthesia
小切口放血small-incision blood-letting
吻合[术]anastomosis
勒血通畅试验vascular patency after anastomsis 
高凝状态hypercoagulabale state
硫喷妥钠thiopental
显微外科基本手术技术basic operative technique of microsurgery
吸入麻醉inhalational anesthesia
放血试验bleeding test
显微无创技术atraumatic technique of microsurgery
丁卡因tetracaine
放血疗法blood-letting therapy
肝素calparine
指端finger tip
血管危象解除relieve of vascular crisis
胫后动脉皮瓣桥式交叉转移cross-leg flap carried by posterior tibial artery as bridge
内骨痂internal callus
骨痂callus 
关节软骨articular cartilage
透明软骨hyaline cartilage
肌蒂骨瓣muscle pedicled bone flap
掌背血管蒂掌骨骨瓣metacarpal bone flap based on the dorsal metacarpal vessel
掌骨骨瓣metacarpal bone flap 
胫前返血管骨膜支蒂胫骨骨膜瓣tibial periosteal flap based on the periosteal branch of anterior tibial   recurrent vessel
桡骨骨膜瓣radial periosteal flap
胫骨骨膜骨瓣tibial osteoperiosteal flap 
胫前血管蒂胫骨骨膜瓣tibial periosteal flap based on the anterior tibial vessel
骨间返血管蒂尺骨骨膜瓣ulnar periosteal flap based on the recurrent interosseous vessel
髂腰血管蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap based on the iliac lumbar vessel
腓血管蒂胫腓骨骨膜瓣tibiofibular periosteal flap based on the fibular vessel
桡侧副血管蒂肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap based on the radial collateral vessel
肩胛骨骨瓣scapula bone flap
腓浅血管蒂胫腓骨下段骨膜瓣distal tibiofibular periosteal flap based on the superficial fibular   vessel
旋股外侧血管横支蒂股骨大转子骨瓣greater trochanter bone flap based on the transverse branch of lateral   femoral circumflex vessel
胸背血管肩胛骨支蒂肩胛骨骨瓣scapula bone flap based on the scapula branch of thoracodorsal vessel
臀上血管浅支蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap based on the superficial branch of superior gluteal   vessel
旋股内侧血管深支蒂股骨大转子骨膜瓣greater trochanter periosteal flap based on the deep branch of medial   circumflex femoral vessel
骨间后血管蒂尺骨骨膜瓣ulnar periosteal flap based on the dorsal posterior interosseous vessel
股骨大转子骨膜瓣greater trochanter periosteal flap 
胸大肌蒂肋骨骨瓣pectoralis major pedicled rib flap
髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap
锁骨骨瓣clavicular bone flap
胸导管thoracic duct
神经末梢nerve ending
臂内侧皮神经medial brachial cutaneous nerve
桡神经radial nerve
膝降血管蒂股骨内侧髁骨瓣medial femoral bone flap based on the descending genicular vessel
股深血管蒂股骨骨膜瓣femoral periosteal flap based on the deep femoral vessel
枕小神经lesser occipital nerve
胸背神经thoracodorsal nerve
胸外侧神经lateral pectoral nerve
胸长神经long thoracic nerve
胫神经tibial nerve
颈横神经transverse nerve of neck
触觉小体tactile corpuscle
膝降血管蒂股骨内侧髁骨膜瓣medial femoral periosteal flap based on the descending genicular vessel
膝降血管蒂大收肌肌腱骨皮复合瓣great adductor muscle tendon bone and/or skin composite flap based on the   descending genicular vessel
无髓神经纤维unmyelinated nerve fiber
腓血管蒂腓骨骨瓣fibular bone flap based on the fibular vessel
神经节ganglion
胸内侧神经medial pectoral nerve
淋巴水肿lymphedema
结间体internode
运动神经末梢motor nerve ending
右淋巴导管right lymph duct
正中神经median nerve
骨间前神经卡压综合征anterior interosseous nerve entrapment syndrome
腓浅神经卡压综合征superficial peroneal nerve entrapment syndrome
肩胛上神经卡压综合征suprascapular nerve entrapment syndrome
旋后肌综合征supinator syndrome
肱骨肌管综合征humeromuscular tunnel syndrome
赛登分类法Seddon classification
爪形手畸形claw hand deformity
原发性节段性脱髓鞘primarily segmental demyelination
腱反射tendon reflex
翼状肩胛畸形wing scapula deformity
沃勒变性Wallerian degeneration
Ⅴ度损伤fifth degree injury
马蹄足畸形talipes equinus deformity
仰趾外翻畸形out-toeing deformity
Ⅳ度损伤fourth degree injury
腰丛lumbar plexus
继发性节段性脱髓鞘secondary segmental demyelination
髂腹下神经iliohypogastric nerve
轴索变性axonal degeneration
神经失用neuropraxia 
肘管综合征cubital tunnel syndrome
腓总神经卡压综合征common peroneal nerve entrapment syndrome
腓深神经deep peroneal nerve
宾格尔带Büngner zone
电突触electrical synapse
臀下神经inferior gluteal nerve
寒冷反射试验cold jerk test
运动觉motor sensation
深筋膜下间隙subfascial space
终末动脉terminal artery
肌腱粘连松解tenolysis
腹壁下[深]动脉穿支皮瓣deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap
轴型皮瓣axial pattern flap
穿支组合皮瓣combined perforator flap
集合微静脉collecting venule
皮神经营养血管皮瓣neurocutaneous flap
皮瓣延迟术flap delay procedure
颈背部筋膜皮瓣cervico-dorsal fasciocutaneous flap
顶部皮瓣parietal flap
肩胛-背阔肌-下腹部联体皮瓣scapulo-latissimus-abdonimal siamese flap
锁骨上神经营养神经皮瓣supraclavicular neurocutaneous flap
皮瓣桥式交叉移植术crossed bridge flap transfer
外增压supercharge
生理性皮瓣physiologic flap
腰背筋膜皮瓣dorsal lumbar fasciocutaneous flap
大网膜预构皮瓣prefabricated omentum flap
线axial line
耳后皮瓣retroauricular flap
远端蒂皮瓣distally-pedicled flap
皮瓣flap
脐旁皮瓣para-umbilicus flap
腹内斜肌肌瓣internal oblique abdominis flap
腹壁联体皮瓣abdominal siamese flap
下腹部皮瓣lower abdominal flap
唇部皮瓣lip flap
颏下皮瓣submental flap
逆行股前外侧皮瓣reversed anterolateral thigh flap
大圆肌肌瓣teres major muscle flap
肩胛侧胸部联合皮瓣scapulo-lateral thoracic siamese flap
阔筋膜张肌肌皮瓣tensor fascia lata myocutaneous flap
股后筋膜皮瓣posterior thigh fasciocutaneous flap
手背桡侧皮瓣dorsoradial metacarpal flap
指掌侧皮瓣digital palmar flap
股后肌肌皮瓣posterior thigh myocutaneous flap
桡动脉远侧穿支皮瓣distal radial artery perforator-based flap
腓肠神经营养血管筋膜皮瓣sural neuro-fasciocutaneous flap
指动脉逆行岛状皮瓣digital reverse-flow island flap
背阔肌肌皮瓣latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap
桡骨茎突部穿支皮瓣radial styloid perforator-based flap
足底内侧皮瓣medial planter flap
踝前皮瓣antemalleolar flap
腓肠神经-小隐静脉营养血管筋膜皮瓣sural lesser saphenous neuroveno-fasciocutaneous flap
外环骨板层layer of outer circumferential lamella
二期骨愈合secondary healing of bone
骨移植[术]bone transplantation
软骨囊cartilage capsule
带血管蒂骨瓣vascularized bone flap
诱导成骨induction bone formation
封闭骨痂sealing callus
骨单位osteon
骨髓bone marrow
滑车上血管蒂颅骨外板骨骨瓣outer table calvarial bone flap based on the supratrochlear vessel
植骨bone graft
骨结核bone tuberculosis
软骨增殖区zone of proliferating cartilage
骨缺损bone defect
破骨细胞osteoclast
骨小管bone canaliculus
软骨膜perichondrium
胫后动脉穿支皮瓣posterior tibial artery perforator flap
编织骨woven bone
茚三酮试验ninhydrin test
感觉sensation
肽醛试验peptide-aldehyde test
胞二磷胆碱citicoline
插入电位insertion potential
分裂性感觉障碍divided sensory disorder
混合相mixed phase
再生电位reinneration potential
锁骨上叩击试验Morley test
终板电位end-plate potential
磁刺激运动诱发电位motor evoked potential by magnetic stimulation
生物反馈疗法biofeedback therapy
分离性感觉障碍dissociated sensory disorder
激素类hormones
关节融合术arthrodesis
正相电位positive phasic potential
臂丛探查术brachial plexus exploration
臂丛下干损伤lower trunk injury of brachial plexus
单能干细胞special stem cell
神经源性膀胱neurogenic bladder
弛缓性膀胱flaccid bladder 
大脑性瘫痪cerebral palsy
痉挛型脑瘫spastic type of cerebral palsy
神经植入术nerve implantation
选择性骶神经根切断术selective sacral nerve neurotomy
支架材料scaffold material
脂肪干细胞fat stem cell
神经途径膀胱功能重建术functional bladder reconstruction via neural approach
臂丛中干损伤middle trunk injury of brachial plexus
神经全干移植术single-stranded nerve grafting
多能干细胞multipotential stem cell
双侧偏瘫型脑瘫double hemiplegic type of cerebral palsy
选择性骶神经根切断术selective sacral neurotomy
四瘫型脑瘫quadriplegic type of cerebral palsy
神经束间移植术interfascicular nerve grafting
再生regeneration
睾丸动脉testicular artery
输卵管种植术plantation of ovarian tube
胰背动脉dorsal pancreatic artery
酸性成纤维细胞生长因子acid fibroblast growth factor
血管内皮生长因子vascular endothelial growth factor
甲状腺移植术thyroid transplantation
肌源神经营养因子muscle-derived neurotrophic factor
腹壁下动脉inferior epigastric artery
卵巢静脉ovarian vein
受体recipient
胎儿胸腺移植术foetus thymus transplantation
甲状腺最下动脉lowest thyroid artery
肾上腺下动脉inferior suprarenal artery
肝细胞生长因子hepatocyte growth factor
胰节段移植术segmental pancreatic transplantation
甲状腺thyroid gland
胰大动脉great pancreatic artery
卵巢移植术transplantation of ovary
甲状腺下动脉inferior thyroid artery
输卵管伞端整形术plasty of fimbriated extremity of fallopian
甲状旁腺parathyroid gland
胸腺静脉thymus vein
转化生长因子-βtransforming growth factor-β
动脉痉挛arterial spasm
复合全身麻醉combined general anesthesia
血管缺损vessel defect
足背静脉弓dorsal venous arch of foot
小隐静脉lesser saphenous vein
掌骨头间静脉intercapital vein
改良凯斯勒缝合术modified Kessler tendon suture
指掌侧总神经common palmar digital nerve
持握功能grasping function
掌心动脉palmar metacarpal arteries
掌背静脉dorsal metacarpal vein
腕背网dorsal carpal rete
甲根nail root
掌中纹palmar middle crease
腕尺侧管ulnar carpal tunnel
甲体nail body
掌远纹palmar distal crease
掌深静脉弓deep palmar venous arch
矢状束sagittal band
静脉vein
带血管蒂皮瓣拇指再造术thumb reconstruction with vascular pedicled flap
微型接骨板内固定fixation with miniature bone plate
毁损性离断destructive amputation
短趾移植术short toe transplantation
静脉动脉化veno-arteriolization
趾甲皮瓣移植术nail skin flap of toe transplantation
再植顺序order of replantation
骨外固定架固定fixation by external fixator
断指再植术replantation of amputated finger
前臂骨皮瓣拇指再造术thumb reconstruction with osteo cutaneous forearm flap
热缺血warm ischemia
切割性离断cutting amputation
髋关节离断hip amputation
多指再造术reconstruction of multidigits
不完全离断incomplete amputation
节段性再造术segmental reconstruction
膝关节离断knee amputation
串联皮瓣chain-link flap
穿支微型皮瓣small perforator flap
真皮dermis
深筋膜血管网deep fascia vascular plexus
腓肠内侧动脉穿支皮瓣medial surae artery perforator flap
单纯静脉皮瓣simple venous flap
随意型皮瓣random pattern flap
浅静脉superficial vein
断趾保存preservation of the amputated digit
神经伴行动脉nerve accompanying artery
皮肤感觉区sensory region
肌皮穿支皮瓣musculocutaneous perforator flap
光疗法phototherapy
体位性神经损伤body position nerve injury
阴囊淋巴水肿lymphedema of scrotum
原位移植术orthotopic transplantation
神经内血管网intraneural vascular plexus
脱髓鞘demyelination
显微镊microsurgical forceps
胚胎干细胞embryonic stem cell
显微血管外科[学]microvascular surgery
岛状皮瓣island flap
显微外科学microsurgery
神经递质neurotransmitter
骨坏死osteonecrosis
输注移植术infused transplantation
同质移植术syngeneic transplantation
腰髂肋肌蒂髂骨骨瓣iliocostalis lumborum muscle pedicled iliac bone flap
膈神经移位术phrenic nerve transfer
腓骨骨瓣fibular bone flap
胫腓骨骨膜瓣tibiofibular periosteal flap 
脑神经cranial nerve
麻醉anesthesia
围手术期处理perioperative management
血管移植术vessel transplantation
利多卡因lidocaine
椎管内麻醉intrathecal anesthesia
气管内插管endotracheal intubation
异丙酚propofol
血管端侧吻合术end-to-side vessel anastomosis
毛细血管充盈反应capillary refilling reaction
血管腔内机械扩张intraluminal mechanical dilatation
抗凝药物anticoagulant drug
低分子右旋糖酐dextran-40
血管吻合[术]vascular anastomosis
臂丛阻滞麻醉brachial plexus blocking anesthesia
术后保温postoperative incubation 
血管探查exploration of blood vessel
静脉麻醉intravenous anesthesia
肌痉挛电位muscle spasm potential
群放电位grouping potential
感觉缺失anesthesia
终板噪声end plate noise
中频电疗法medium frequency electrotherapy
神经再生室nerve regeneration chamber
腺苷三磷酸adenosine triphosphate
运动单位波幅motor unit potential amplitude
本体感觉proprioceptive sensation
肌病电位myopathia potential
超声疗法ultrasound therapy
单纯相电位monophasic potential
作业疗法occupational therapy
运动单位时限motor unit potential time
静脉管神经桥接术vein bridge neural prosthesis
F波F-wave
脊髓造影myelography
夹纸试验阳性clip paper test positive
束颤电位fasciculation potential
插入电位延长insertion potential prolong
拇示指捏夹试验Froment test
插入电位减少insertion potential decrease
感觉减退hypesthesia
高频电疗法high frequency electrotherapy
放射痛radiating pain
诱发电位evoked potential
晚期神经修复late nerve repair
位置觉sensation of position
臂丛后束损伤posterior cord injury of brachial plexus
治疗性克隆therapeutic cloning
运动神经植入术motor nerve implantation
臂丛内侧束损伤medial cord injury of brachial plexus
部分正中神经移位术partial median nerve transfer
逼尿肌肌成形术detrusor myoplasty
自然源基质natural matrix
选择性脊神经后根切断术selective posterior rhizotomy
神经部分缝合术partial neurorrhaphy
选择性周围神经切断术selective peripheral neurotomy
人工膀胱反射弧重建术artificial bladder reflex arc reconstruction
运动过度型脑瘫hyperkinetic type of cerebral palsy
神经内松解术internal neurolysis
膀胱神经再支配术bladder nerve reinnervation
细胞移植术cellular transplant
共济失调型脑瘫ataxia type of cerebral palsy
混合型脑瘫mixed type of cerebral palsy
反射弧reflex arc
吻合血管神经移植术vascularized nerve grafting
全能干细胞totipotential stem cell
磁刺激排尿术magnetic stimulus urination
神经黏合法fibrin suture of nerve
左肾上腺静脉left suprarenal vein
神经营养素-3neurotropin-3
神经营养因子neurotrophic factor
输卵管端-端吻合术end-to-end anastomosis of ovarian tube
成纤维细胞生长因子fibroblast growth factor
生长因子growth factor
输卵管动脉fallopian artery
右肾上腺静脉right suprarenal vein
胰-肾联合移植术simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation
胰岛素样神经生长因子insulin like nerve growth factor
表皮生长因子epidermal growth factor
同种甲状旁腺移植术parathyroid allotransplantation
胸腺移植术transplantation of thymus
神经营养素neurotropin
输卵管uterine tube
碱性成纤维细胞生长因子basic fibroblast growth factor
甲状腺上动脉superior thyroid artery
侧支循环collateral circulation
输卵管造口术fallostomy
比目鱼肌肌瓣soleus muscle flap
颅骨外板骨骨瓣outer table calvarial bone flap
骨膜骨瓣osteoperiosteal flap
腹直肌蒂胸骨-肋软骨瓣abdominal rectus pedicled sternum-costicartilage flap
筋膜蒂骨瓣fascia pedicled bone flap
板层骨lamellar bone
腹直肌蒂胸骨瓣abdominal rectus pedicled sternum flap
一期骨愈合primary healing of bone
胸廓内血管蒂肋软骨瓣costal cartilage flap based on the internal thoracic vessel
环骨板circumferential lamella
颞肌蒂颅骨外板骨骨瓣temporalis muscle pedicled outer table calvarial bone flap
筋膜蒂骨膜瓣fascia pedicled periosteal flap
骨密质compact bone 
骨间前血管蒂桡骨骨膜瓣radial periosteal flap based on the anterior interosseous vessel
足舟骨骨瓣navicular bone flap
带血管蒂跟-骰联合骨瓣vascularized combined calcaneus with cuboid bone flap
第四腰血管蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap based on the fourth lumbar vessel
肱深血管蒂肱骨骨膜瓣humeral periosteal flap based on the deep brachial vessel
胸肩峰动脉肩峰支锁骨骨瓣clavicular bone flap based on the acromal branch of thoracoacromal vessel
第三腰血管蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone based on the third lumbar vessel
内踝前血管蒂楔骨骨瓣cuneiform bone flap based on the medial anterior malleolar vessel
肋间前血管蒂肋骨骨瓣rib bone flap based on the anterior intercostal vessel
腓浅血管蒂腓骨骨瓣fibular bone flap based on the superficial fibular vessel
旋髂深血管蒂髂骨骨瓣iliac bone flap based on the deep iliac circumflex vessel
跗内侧血管蒂足舟骨骨瓣navicular bone flap based on the medial tarsal vessel
筋膜蒂锁骨骨瓣fascia pedicled clavicular flap
骨间后血管蒂尺骨骨瓣ulnar bone flap based on the dorsal posterior interosseous vessel
膝下内侧血管蒂胫骨骨膜瓣tibial periosteal flap based on the medial inferior genicular vessel
桡血管茎突返支蒂桡骨茎突骨瓣styloid process of radial bone flap based on the recurrent branch of   radial vessel
楔骨骨瓣cuneiform bone flap
尺血管腕背支血管蒂豌豆骨骨瓣pisiform bone flap based on the dorsal carpal branch of ulnar vessel
胸大肌蒂锁骨骨瓣pectoralis major pedicled clavicular flap
深淋巴结deep lymph node
网膜右动脉right epiploon artery
郎飞结Ranvier node
肩胛上神经suprascapular nerve
颈丛cervical plexus
轴突axon
股骨大转子骨瓣greater trochanter bone flap
胞体cell body
网膜左后动脉left posterior epiploon artery
自主神经autonomic nerve
腓骨骨膜瓣fibular periosteal flap 
淋巴管-静脉吻合术lymphaticovenous shunt
坐骨神经sciatic nerve
臀下血管吻合支蒂股骨大转子骨瓣greater trochanter bone flap based on the anastomosis branch of inferior   gluteal vessel
膈神经phrenic nerve
腋神经axillary nerve
脊神经spinal nerve
运动神经纤维motor nerve fiber
游离神经末梢free nerve ending
阴部神经pudendal nerve
缺血性神经损伤ischemic nerve injury
顺向转运anterograde transport
森德兰分类法Sunderland classification
牵涉痛referred pain
髓鞘再形成myelin sheath reformation
钩状足畸形hook foot deformity
化学药物性神经损伤chemical pharmacal nerve injury
臀上神经superior gluteal nerve
快速转运fast transportation
会阴神经perineal nerve
髂腹股沟神经ilioinguinal nerve
神经断伤neurotmesis
股神经femoral nerve
闭孔神经obturator nerve
股外侧皮神经卡压综合征lateral femoral cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome
腓总神经common peroneal nerve
突触synapse
自由穿支皮瓣free-style perforator flap
微动脉arteriole
直接皮血管direct cutaneous vessel
网状层微静脉网reticular venous plexus
乳头下微静脉网subpapillary venous plexus
骨皮瓣osteo cutaneous flap
感觉皮瓣sensate flap
皮瓣供区flap donor site
胸小肌肌瓣pectoral minor muscle flap
皮神经-浅静脉营养血管皮瓣neuro-veno-cutaneous flap
阴茎环状筋膜皮瓣penile circular fasciocutaneous flap
颞-顶-颞长筋膜瓣temporoparie to temporal long fascial flap
预构皮瓣prefabricated skin flap
颞-顶-枕长筋膜瓣temporoparie to occipital fascial long flap
组织瓣翻转移位flap turnover
皮瓣游离移植free flap transplantation
潜在供区potential territory
耳大神经营养血管皮瓣great auricular neurocutaneous flap
亚急性创面subacute wound
肌肉血管分型classification of muscular vessel
急性创面acute wound
皮瓣重要并发症major complication of flap
植皮预构皮瓣skin-grafted prefabricated flap
近端蒂皮瓣proximally-pedicled flap
颈肱皮瓣cervico-humeral flap
膝内侧皮瓣medial genicular flap
半膜肌肌皮瓣semimembranosus myocutaneous flap
足外侧皮瓣lateral pedis flap
指背斜形皮瓣dorsal oblique digital flap
臀大肌肌皮瓣gluteal myocutaneous flap
前臂后皮神经营养血管皮瓣posterior antebrachial neurocutaneous flap
足背动脉皮瓣dorsal pedis flap
股前内侧皮瓣anteromedial thigh flap
股后外侧筋膜皮瓣posterolateral thigh fasiocutaneous flap
指背双蒂皮瓣dorsal bi-pedicled flap
指侧方皮瓣lateral digital flap
肱桡肌皮瓣brachioradialis muscle flap
邻指皮瓣adjacent digital flap
外踝后皮瓣lateral retromalleolar flap
趾短伸肌皮瓣extensor digiti minimi myocutaneous flap
跗内侧动脉皮瓣medial tarsal artery flap
双侧V-Y推进皮瓣lateral V-Y advancement flap
隐神经营养血管皮瓣saphenous neuro-fasciocutaneous flap
拇指桡背侧皮瓣dorsoradial thumb flap
连接骨痂uniting callus
干骺端metaphysis
内踝上皮瓣medial supramalleolar flap
软骨储备区zone of reserving cartilage
bone
桥梁骨痂bridge callus
颞浅血管蒂颅骨外板骨骨瓣outer table calvarial bone flap based on the superficial temporal vessel
骨内膜endosteum
甲床nail bed
显微缝合[术]microsurgical suture
接合[术]conjugation
水蛭吸血疗法leech therapy
血管blood vessel
小鱼际肌hypothenar muscle
伸肌腱内侧束medial extensor band
腕管carpal tunnel
滑车pulley
第一跖骨间隙first intermetatarsal space
跖足底固有动脉proper plantar artery digital
游离缘free margin of nail
掌纹palmar crease
三角韧带triangular ligament
骨间掌侧肌palmar interossei 
凯斯勒缝合术Kessler tendon suture
骨间背侧肌dorsal interossei 
肌腱修复tendon repair
指掌侧静脉palmar digital vein
中心肌腱缝合术core suturing of tendon
伸肌腱外侧束lateral extensor band
弓状动脉arcute artery
指甲nail
指深屈肌腱tendon of flexor digitorum profundus
钢丝十字交叉固定crucial wire fixation
动静脉比例artery-to-vein ratio
离断amputation
示指拇指化pollicization of index finger
指尖再植术fingertip replantation
钢板螺钉内固定internal fixation with plate and screw
断趾toe amputation
内愈合intrinsic healing process
上臂离断upper arm amputation
二期拇-手指再造术staged thumb-finger reconstruction
延期拇-手指再造术delay thumb-finger reconstruction
断指finger amputation
趾腹皮瓣移植术toe pulp flap transplantation
肩胛带离断shoulder girdle amputation
第一掌骨拇指化phalangization of first metacarpal bone
第二足趾移植术second toe transplantation
拇指再造术thumb reconstruction
小儿断指再植术replantation of amputated toe in children
肌性微静脉muscular venule
胸背动脉穿支皮瓣thoracodorsal artery perforator flap
交通支静脉communicating branch vein
浅筋膜血管网superficial fascia vascular plexus
非生理性皮瓣nonphysiologic flap
带蒂皮瓣pedicled flap
静脉瓣venous valve
动静脉短路arteriovenous shunt 
组合皮瓣combined flap
肌间隙皮血管intermuscular septocutaneous vessel
区域皮瓣regional flap
超声多普勒血流仪ultrasonic Doppler flowmeter
双目手术显微镜binocular operative microscope
臂丛上干损伤upper trunk injury of brachial plexus
超级显微外科super-microsurgery
显微缝合材料microsurgical suture material
功能性肌肉移植functioning muscle transplantation
缝合[术]suture
人工反射弧artificial reflex arc
骨肌皮瓣osteo-musculo-cutaneous flap
热缺血时间warm ischemia time
干细胞stem cell
显微剪microsurgical scissors
激光多普勒血流仪laser Doppler flowmeter
淋巴显微外科[学]microlymphatic surgery
显微重建microsurgical reconstruction
运动障碍型脑瘫dyskinetic type of cerebral palsy
电静息electrical silence
异种移植术xenotransplantation
直流电疗法galvanism
神经系膜mesentery of nerve
游离穿支皮瓣free perforator flap
张力水疱tension blister
缎带征satin ribbon sign
指腹finger pulp
紫癜征sign of peliosis
急性等容血液稀释acute isovolumic hemodilution
皮肤温度skin temperature
腰-硬联合阻滞combined spinal-epidural anesthesia
血管端端吻合术end-to-end vessel anastomosis
甲下皮hyponychium
组织肿胀程度tissue edema
人工低温deliberate hypothermia
网状征sign of reticulate
甲襞nail wall
血管冲洗vessel irrigation
局部麻醉local anesthesia
罗哌卡因ropivacaine
90°翻转端端缝合术90° turnover end-to-end anastomosis


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