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常见医学名词中英文对照表——整形外科学

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部分分表数据:

中文名称英文名称
继发性瘢痕挛缩extrinsic cicatricial contracture
西莫纳尔系带Simonart band
乳头乳晕复合组织游离移植术nipple-areola compound tissue free grafting
龙虾钳状手lobster hand
眼窝eye socket
足底胼胝plantar callus
整形外科plastic surgery
移位displacement
松弛chalasis
血清肿seroma
碾压伤mangled injury
清创[术]d閎ridement
创伤愈合healing of wound
双菱形皮瓣double rhomboid skin flap
三菱形皮瓣triple rhomboid skin flap
岛状皮瓣island skin flap
逆行岛状皮瓣reverse island skin flap
皮神经营养血管蒂岛状皮瓣cutaneous nerve nutritional vessel pedicle island skin flap
皮下蒂皮瓣subcutaneous pedicle skin flap
真皮下血管网薄皮瓣subdermal vascular plexus thin skin flap
带感觉神经皮瓣neuro-sensory skin flap
Z成形术Z-plasty
四瓣Z成形术four-flap Z-plasty
五瓣成形术five-flap plasty
W成形术W-plasty
V-Y成形术V-Y plasty
皮瓣转移transfer of skin flap
即时转移immediate transfer
延迟转移delayed transfer
脂肪颗粒移植术fat granule grafting
唇瓣lip flap
交叉唇瓣cross lip flap
扇形唇瓣fan lip flap
乳房瓣breast flap
趾甲移植术toe nail grafting
趾甲部分移植术partial toe nail grafting
黏膜移植物mucosa graft
吻合血管的游离筋膜瓣移植术revascularized free fascial flap grafting
筋膜瓣fascial flap
神经移植物nerve graft
真皮脂肪移植术dermis-fat grafting
真皮脂肪瓣dermis-fat flap
头发移植术hair grafting
趾甲移植物toe nail graft
骨嵌入移植术inlay bone grafting
匐行置换creeping substitution
骨膜移植物periosteum graft
神经交叉吻合术nerve cross anastomosis
神经束移植物fascicular nerve graft
烧伤burn
热烧伤thermal burn
化学烧伤chemical burn
电弧烧伤electric arc burn
组织贮存tissue storage
低温冷藏组织贮存tissue storage by refrigeration
冷冻保护剂cryoprotective agent
不稳定性萎缩瘢痕unstable atrophic scar
挛缩性瘢痕contracted scar
瘢痕挛缩cicatricial contracture
烧伤瘢痕挛缩burned cicatricial contracture
皮肤无针喷注器dermojet
瘢痕癌carcinoma of scar
混合性淋巴管瘤mixed lymphangioma
巨舌macroglossia
蔓状血管瘤hemangioma racemosum
混合性血管瘤mixed hemangioma
头皮发育不全hypoplasia of scalp
全头皮撕脱[伤]total scalp avulsion injury
面瘫facial palsy
筋膜条悬吊术fascial sling suspension
动力悬吊dynamic suspension
舌后坠glossoptosis
咬肌良性肥大benign masseleric hypotrophy
睑板上凹陷[畸形]supratarsal depression
[上]睑下垂blepharoptosis
颌动瞬目综合征jaw-winking syndrome
小眼畸形microphthalmia
眼球内陷enophthalmos
眶[腔]orbit
眼窝狭窄stenotic eye socket
耳甲成形术conchiplasty
耳廓缩小成形术reductive otoplasty
大耳畸形macrotia
招风耳bat ear
对耳轮脚crura of antihelix
对耳轮下脚inferior crura of antihelix
先天性耳前窦道congenital preauricular sinus
鼻背nasal dorsum
鼻根nasal root
鼻尖nasal tip
鼻翼nasal ala
鼻小柱nasal columella
鼻中隔软骨nasal septal cartilage
鼻侧软骨nasal lateral cartilage
鼻额角nasal frontal angle
鼻面角nasal facial angle
鼻唇角nasal labial angle
鼻翼沟paranasal ala sulcus
鼻后孔闭锁atresia of choana
鼻前孔狭窄stricture of anterior naris
鼻前孔闭锁atresia of anterior naris
唇不全裂incomplete cleft lip
特纳综合征Turner syndrome
克利佩尔-费尔综合征Klippel-Feil syndrome
先天性无臂phocomelia
指端finger tip
指腹finger pulp
多趾polydactyly
简单并指simple syndactyly
简单并趾simple syndactyly
复杂并趾complicated syndactyly
不全并指incomplete syndactyly
不全并趾incomplete syndactyly
巨指macrodactyly
巨趾macrodactyly
短指brachydactyly
继发性淋巴水肿secondary lymphedema
淋巴管移植术lymphatic vessel grafting
淋巴静脉分流术lymphatico-venous shunt
括约肌成形术sphincteroplasty
膀胱括约肌成形术cysto-sphincteroplasty
阴茎缺失loss of penis
阴茎成形术phalloplasty
阴茎延长术lengthening of penis
阴道成形术vaginoplasty
阴道形成术construction of vagina
阴道再造术reconstruction of vagina
异位dystopia
脱位dislocation
移植术grafting
受区recipient site
鼓式取皮机drum dermatome
压力敷料pressure dressing
睑板结膜瓣tarso-conjunctival flap
皮瓣逆转设计法planning of skin flap in reverse
人工关节artificial joint
玻璃纤维织物glass fiber cloth
眶外侧壁切开术lateral orbitotomy
真性眶距过宽true orbital hypertelorism
对耳轮上脚superior crura of antihelix
耳舟scapha
贝壳状耳shell ear
垂耳lop ear
尖耳轮耳satyr ear
上唇正中裂median upper lip cleft
腭咽闭合不全velopharyngeal incompetence
帕萨万特嵴Passavant ridge
咽壁瓣pharyngeal flap
颈耳窦道cervical aural sinus
囊性淋巴管瘤cystic lymphangioma
肌性斜颈myogenic torticollis
复杂并指complicated syndactyly
指端并指syndactyly of finger tip
拇指内收adduction of thumb
象皮肿去表皮皮瓣埋入术Thompson buried dermis flap opera-tion for elephantiasis
阴茎头型尿道下裂balanic hypospadias
阴茎阴囊型尿道下裂penoscrotal hypospadias
膀胱外翻extrophy of bladder
阴茎再造术reconstruction of penis
错位malposition
萎缩atrophy
挛缩contracture
色素脱失depigmentation
变色discoloration
吸收absorption
液化liquefaction
血肿hematoma
生长因子growth factor
表皮生长因子epidermal growth factor
转化生长因子transforming growth factor
血小板源生长因子platelet-derived growth factor
凋亡apoptosis
修复repair
形态再造morphologic reconstruction
转位transposition
回植replantation
破裂rupture
分离dysjunction
热滚筒挤压伤hot roller crush injury
锐剥离sharp dissection
钝剥离blunt dissection
梭形切除[术]fusiform excision
病灶内切除[术]intralesional excision
创面wound surface
缝合suture
显微外科技术microsurgical technique
无创[伤]缝针atraumatic suture needle
血管扩张器vessel dilator
双极电凝器bipolar electrocoagulator
软组织扩张器soft tissue expander
软组织扩张术soft tissue expansion
铜针疗法copper needle therapy
薄[的]中厚皮片thin intermediate thickness free skin graft
厚[的]中厚皮片thick intermediate thickness free skin graft
全厚皮片full thickness free skin graft
徒手取皮free hand excision of skin graft
滚轴取皮刀Humby knife
取皮机dermatome
缝线包压法bolus tie-over dressing
皮肤移植术skin grafting
刃厚皮片razor graft
种子植皮术seed skin grafting
延期植皮术delayed skin grafting
皮瓣skin flap
局部皮瓣local skin flap
邻位皮瓣adjacent skin flap
随意型皮瓣random pattern skin flap
肌皮动脉musculo-cutaneous artery
静脉皮瓣venous skin flap
压力包扎pressure dressing
局部推进皮瓣移植术local advancement skin flap grafting
瓦合皮瓣over and out skin flap
Y-V成形术Y-V plasty
复合组织移植术compound tissue grafting
耳廓复合组织游离移植术auricular compound tissue free grafting
游离足母甲皮瓣free great toe nail skin flap
骨-肌皮瓣osseous myocutaneous flap
直接转移direct transfer
直接皮瓣direct skin flap
真皮片dermis graft
真皮移植术dermis grafting
脂肪移植物fat graft
脂肪移植术fat grafting
趾甲复合移植术compound toe nail grafting
筋膜移植物fascia graft
筋膜条抽取器fascia stripper
筋膜吊带fascia sling
吻合血管的游离骨膜移植术revascularized free periosteum graft-ing
狭窄stenosis
下垂ptosis
毛细[血]管扩张telangiectasis
软组织损伤soft tissue injury
成纤维细胞生长因子fibroblast growth factor
延迟修复delayed repair
置换substitution
皮纹[线]skin line
圆形切口circular incision
减张切口relaxation incision
分期切除[术]excision in stages
连续缝合continuous suture
连续横褥式缝合continuous transverse mattress su-ture
推进皮瓣advancement skin flap
镰状皮瓣sickle skin flap
改良菱形皮瓣modified rhomboid skin flap
肌移植物muscle graft
肌移植功能重建术functional rebuilding by muscle grafting
筋膜移植术fascia grafting
岛状筋膜瓣island fascial flap
血管瘤hemangioma
草莓状血管瘤strawberry hemangioma
面横裂transverse facial cleft
颜面增生facial hyperplasia
脑脊液鼻漏cerebrospinal rhinorrhea
口角成形术commissuroplasty
舌唇粘连术tongue-to-lip adhesion operation
假性[上]睑下垂pseudoblepharoptosis
耳轮脚crus of helix
鼻翼软骨nasal alar cartilage
鼻[小]柱正中切口nasal midcolumella incision
唇裂术后继发畸形postoperative [secondary] deformi-ty of cleft lip
乳房再造术breast reconstruction
乳头乳晕再造术nipple-areola reconstruction
桡侧半肢畸形radial hemimelia
前臂分叉术forearm splitting operation
分裂手cleft hand
掌腱膜挛缩palmar aponeurosis contracture
筋膜带移植肛门括约肌成形术fascial string grafting and anal sphincteroplasty
放射烧伤radiation burn
焦痂eschar
削痂术eschar shaving
瘢痕scar
瘢痕形成scar formation
屈曲挛缩flexion contracture
颌间瘢痕挛缩intermaxillary cicatricial contracture
胎儿[期]创伤无瘢痕愈合fetal scarless wound healing
潴留囊肿retention cyst
植入性囊肿implantation cyst
口眼裂oro-ocular facial cleft
大口畸形macrostomia
放射性溃疡radiation ulcer
皮埃尔·罗班综合征Pierre Robin syndrome
眶底爆裂性骨折blowout fracture of orbital floor
泪囊鼻腔造口术dacryocystorhinostomy
眶距过宽orbital hypertelorism
先天性无耳congenital anotia
耳廓再造术reconstruction of auricle
支架frame
整体软骨支架solid block cartilage frame
菜花状耳cauliflower ear
先天性唇窦道congenital lip sinus
先天性重唇congenital double lip
唇成形术cheiloplasty
额鼻突nasofrontal process
鼻中突median nasal process
球状突globular process
前唇prolabium
牙槽裂alveolar cleft
多乳房polymastia
唇裂矩形[唇]瓣修复术cleft lip repair by quadrilateral lip flap technique
唇裂手术减张弓Logan bow
腭裂cleft palate
硬腭裂cleft hard palate
软硬腭裂cleft soft and hard palate
甲状舌管瘘管thyroglossal fistula
颈耳囊肿cervical aural cyst
蹼状颈webbed neck
短趾brachydactyly
先天性缺指ectrodactyly
先天性缺趾ectrodactyly
先天性无趾adactyly
连枷状关节flail joint
先天性指关节融合congenital symphalangia
先天性关节挛缩congenital arthrogryposis
浮动拇指floating thumb
原发性淋巴水肿primary lymphedema
淋巴管扩张lymphangiectasis
淋巴淤滞lymphostasis
淋巴管造影术lymphangiography
脂肪水肿lipedema
象皮肿病变组织切除植皮术elephantiasic tissue excision and skin grafting
淋巴管成形术lymphangioplasty
尿道上裂epispadias
阴茎头型尿道上裂balanic epispadias
阴茎型尿道上裂penile epispadias
阴道皮瓣移植形成术construction of vagina by skin flap grafting
阴道模具vaginal stent
真两性畸形true hermaphroditism
假两性畸形false hermaphroditism
pedicle
口周瘢痕挛缩perioral cicatricial contracture
摘出[术]enucleation
耳屏tragus
“五指”畸形“five fingered” hand
crust
连指手套状并指mitten deformity
成活take
肌瓣muscle flap
缺失absence
先天畸形congenital deformity
快速软组织扩张术rapid soft tissue expansion
功能恢复functional rehabilitation
同基因移植物syngeneic graft
带蒂组织移植物pedicled tissue graft
吻合血管的游离组织移植物revascularized free tissue graft
皮片移植术free skin grafting
内嵌植皮术inlay skin grafting
带蒂皮瓣pedicled skin flap
闭合皮瓣closed skin flap
远位皮瓣distant skin flap
游离皮瓣free skin flap
静脉游离皮瓣venous free skin flap
静脉动脉化皮瓣venous arterialized skin flap
筋膜皮瓣fascio-cutaneous flap
交叉睑瓣eyelid switch flap
留桥延迟术skin bridge in delaying skin flap
吻合血管的游离肠段移植术revascularized free intestinal seg-ment grafting
深低温冷冻组织贮存tissue storage by deep freezing
纤维化fibrosis
瘢痕上皮cicatricial epithelium
索状瘢痕cicatricial band
神经纤维瘤病neurofibromatosis
外伤性表皮囊肿traumatic epidermal cyst
缺血性溃疡ischemic ulcer
淋巴阻塞性溃疡lymphostructive ulcer
神经营养性溃疡neurotrophic ulcer
头皮撕脱[伤]scalp avulsion injury
肋骨劈裂移植颅成形术split-rib cranioplasty
痉挛性睑外翻spastic ectropion
麻痹性睑外翻paralytic ectropion
外耳道狭窄stricture of external auditory canal
鼻孔nostril
梨状孔apertura piriformis
鼻尖蝶形切口nasal tip butterfly incision
单侧腭裂unilateral cleft palate
腭裂后推修复术closure of cleft palate by Dorrance push back operation
颏胸挛缩mental sternal contracture
乳腺萎缩mammary gland atrophy
乳房缺如amastia
先天性指侧弯clinodactyly
钮孔状畸形button hole deformity
拇指掌侧外展palmar abduction of thumb
拇指对指digital opposition of thumb
吻合血管的第二趾移植拇指再造术reconstruction of thumb with free second toe to hand transfer by vascular   anastomosis
阴茎阴囊象皮肿elephantiasis of penis and scrotum
康多莱昂手术Kondoleon operation
阴道狭窄stricture of vagina
阴道皮片移植形成术construction of vagina by inlay split-thickness skin grafting
带蒂皮瓣转移阴道形成术construction of vagina by pedicled skin grafting
直肠阴道瘘rectovaginal fistula
女假两性畸形female pseudohermaphroditism
缺损defect
洞穿缺损through and through defect
缺如congenital absence
畸形deformity
色素沉着pigmentation
色素减退hypopigmentation
对称symmetry
不对称asymmetry
胶原collagen
胶原沉积collagen deposition
肉芽组织granulation tissue
皱褶line of dependency
手术显微镜operating microscope
手术放大镜operating loupe
多普勒超声血流探测仪Doppler ultrasonic blood stream detector
血供blood supply
神经血管束neurovascular bundle
功能锻炼functional exercise
弹力牵引elastic traction
弹力牵引夹板elastic traction splint
支具brace
供区donor site
受体recipient
免疫排斥[反应]immunological rejection
自身移植物autograft
自身移植术autografting
暴力牵引violent traction
真皮下血管网皮片subdermal vascular plexus free skin graft
外嵌植皮术onlay skin grafting
重叠植皮术overlapping skin grafting
邻指皮瓣cross finger skin flap
交臂皮瓣cross arm skin flap
交腿皮瓣cross leg skin flap
筋膜蒂皮瓣fascial pedicle skin flap
去上皮de-epithelization
去上皮皮瓣de-epithelized skin flap
旋转皮瓣rotation skin flap
局部旋转皮瓣移植术local rotation skin flap grafting
回切口back cut
背阔肌肌皮瓣latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap
游离肌皮瓣free myocutaneous flap
肌腱皮瓣teno-cutaneous flap
皮瓣修整[术]revision of skin flap
皮瓣修薄[术]thinning of skin flap
神经切断术neurotomy
血管移植物blood vessel graft
血管移植术blood vessel grafting
软骨移植物cartilage graft
软骨移植术cartilage grafting
软骨屑移植物diced cartilage graft
软骨屑移植术diced cartilage grafting
神经束[间]吻合术interfascicular nerve anastomosis
组织工程学tissue engineering
组织培养tissue culture
植入物implant
假体prosthetic appliance
人工皮artificial skin
瘢痕组织scar tissue
萎缩性瘢痕atrophic scar
稳定性萎缩瘢痕stable atrophic scar
硬纤维瘤desmoid
神经纤维瘤neurofibroma
神经瘤neuroma
神经鞘瘤neurilemmoma
咖啡牛奶色[素]斑caf?au lait spots
神经瘤性象皮病neuromatous elephantiasis
毛细血管瘤capillary hemangioma
海绵状血管瘤cavernous hemangioma
钻骨[露髓]术bone drilling operation
颅[骨]成形术cranioplasty
肋骨劈裂移植术split-rib grafting
颅颌面外科craniomaxillofacial surgery
颅面成形术craniofacioplasty
狭颅症craniostenosis
舟状头畸形scaphocephaly
隐性颅裂craniobifida occulta
小口畸形microstomia
口角开大术commissurotomy
唇外翻cheilectropion
静力悬吊static suspension
进行性单侧面萎缩症progressive facial hemiatrophy
上睑提肌缩短术shortening operation of musculus le-vator palpebrae superioris
额肌瓣悬吊术frontalis muscle flap suspension op-eration
睑外翻ectropion
碟状脸dish face
鸟嘴状脸bird face
睑球粘连symblepharon
睑缘粘连ankyloblepharon
眦成形术canthoplasty
眦缝合术canthorrhaphy
眦固定术canthopexy
眦切开术canthotomy
下睑紧缩术lower eyelid tightening
睑内翻entropion
睑缝合术blepharorrhaphy
耳廓后沟posterior sulcus of auricle
先天性耳前瘘管congenital preauricular fistula
外耳道闭锁atresia of external auditory canal
鼻后孔choana
鼻孔底nasal floor
原始口腔primitive oral cavity
悬雍垂裂bifid uvula
软腭裂cleft soft palate
腭黏膜下裂submucosal cleft palate
腭裂修复术palatorrhaphy
腭裂四瓣修复术closure of cleft palate by Wardill four-flap operation
腭裂减张切口修复术closure of cleft palate by von Lan-genbeck operation
犁骨黏膜瓣vomer mucosal flap
腭咽闭合velopharyngeal closure
斜颈wry neck
颈瘢痕挛缩cervical cicatricial contracture
副乳房accessory breast
男子乳腺发育gynecomastia
腭裂语音cleft palate speech
语音评定speech evaluation
咽腔过大pharyngomegaly
咽成形术pharyngoplasty
皮肤脂肪切除术dermolipectomy
肿胀技术吸脂术tumescent liposuction
脂肪切除术lipectomy
畸形手talipomanus
半肢畸形hemimelia
尺侧半肢畸形ulnar hemimelia
桡尺骨融合radio-ulnar synostosis
乳房成形术mammoplasty
乳头乳晕复合体nipple-areola complex
皮赘状多指rudimentary accessory digit
复拇畸形thumb duplication
分叉拇指bifid thumb
先天性并指congenital syndactyly
先天性并趾congenital syndactyly
后天性并指acquired syndactyly
两指并指single syndactyly
先天性趾侧弯clinodactyly
波伦综合征Poland syndrome
易性癖transsexualism
性别改变术sex change operation
肛门失禁anal incontinence
肛门括约肌成形术anal sphincteroplasty
股薄肌转移肛门括约肌成形术gracilis muscle transfer and anal sphincteroplasty
自然消退spontaneous regression
吻合血管的游离组织移植术revascularized free tissue grafting
合页皮瓣hinge skin flap
冷冻干燥法组织贮存tissue storage by freezing and dr-ying
发育不全hypoplasia
撕开tearing
热压伤hot crush injury
潜行剥离undermining dissection
恒压软组织扩张术constant pressure soft tissue expan-sion
中厚皮片intermediate thickness free skin graft
邮票状皮片stamp free skin graft
带发皮片簇植术punched hair-bearing free skin grafting
赘状瘢痕pedunculated scar
特发性瘢痕疙瘩idiopathic keloid
原发性瘢痕挛缩intrinsic cicatricial contracture
环状瘢痕挛缩circumferential cicatricial contrac-ture
巨痣giant nevus
甲下血管球瘤subungual glomus tumor
海绵状血管淋巴管瘤cavernous hemolymphangioma
颅甲角cranioconchal angle
第一,二鳃弓综合征first and second branchial arch syn-drome
外耳道再造术reconstruction of external auditory canal
唇裂三角[唇]瓣修复术cleft lip repair by triangular lip flap technique
腹壁成形术abdominoplasty
承重部位weight bearing area
[拇指]三指节畸形triphalangism
巨肢macromelia
先天性无指adactyly
原发畸形primary deformity
继发畸形secondary deformity
后天畸形acquired deformity
后遗畸形sequel deformity
切迹状畸形notch deformity
凹陷depression
增生hyperplasia
肥大hypertrophy
闭锁atresia
收缩contraction
退缩retraction
撕脱伤avulsion
套状撕脱伤degloving injury
擦伤abrasion
撕裂laceration
半脱位semiluxation
变形distortion
成纤维细胞fibroblast
成肌纤维细胞myofibroblast
截断伤amputation injury
隐蔽切口hidden incision
间接切口indirect incision
锯齿状切口zigzag incision
剥离dissection
点状皮片pinch free skin graft
网状皮片mesh free skin graft
皮片成网器skin graft mesher
微粒皮片microne free skin graft
轴型血管axial pattern blood vessel
皮瓣移植术skin flap grafting
开放皮瓣open skin flap
皮管skin tube
猫耳状皱襞cat's ear like skin fold
三叶皮瓣trilobed skin flap
对偶皮瓣double transposition skin flap
肌-筋膜瓣myo-fascial flap
三蒂皮瓣tripedicle skin flap
分叶皮瓣lobulated skin flap
双叶皮瓣bilobed skin flap
劈裂乳房瓣split breast flap
皮瓣形成formation of skin flap
间接转移indirect transfer
间接皮瓣indirect skin flap
蠕行转移caterpillaring transfer
跳行转移waltzing transfer
倒翻转移tumbling transfer
皮瓣断蒂[术]skin flap pedicle division
皮瓣训练conditioning of skin flap
肌腱切断术tenotomy
肌腱延长术tendon lengthening
两点辨距觉two-point discrimination
软骨膜移植物perichondrium graft
软骨膜移植术perichondrium grafting
大网膜移植物omentum graft
大网膜移植术omentum grafting
大网膜瓣omentum flap
肠段移植物intestinal segment graft
神经移植术nerve grafting
人工骨artificial bone
人工眼artificial eye
人工耳artificial ear
蹼状瘢痕webbed scar
桥状瘢痕bridged scar
凹陷瘢痕depressed scar
痘痕pockmark
肥厚性瘢痕hypertrophic scar
瘢痕疙瘩keloid
瘢痕组织填充法scar tissue buttressing method
疣状痣verrucoid nevus
甲下色素痣subungual nevus
瘢痕体质scar diathesis
线状瘢痕linear scar
切口瘢痕incisional scar
针迹瘢痕suture mark
血管球瘤glomus tumor
触发点trigger point
淋巴管瘤lymphangioma
毛细淋巴管瘤capillary lymphangioma
海绵状淋巴管瘤cavernous lymphangioma
皮脂腺囊肿sebaceous cyst
包涵囊肿inclusion cyst
藏毛囊肿pilonidal cyst
骶尾囊肿sacrococcygeal cyst
外伤性溃疡traumatic ulcer
慢性溃疡chronic ulcer
短头畸形brachycephaly
小头畸形microcephaly
发际[线]hair line
休斯手术Hughes operation
无眼畸形anophthalmia
眼窝再造reconstruction of eye socket
拼合软骨支架open spaced cartilage frame
耳成形术otoplasty
耳轮结节helix tubercle
对耳轮antihelix
鼻前庭nasal vestibule
鼻前棘anterior nasal spine
[鼻前庭]软骨间切口intercartilaginous incision
环缩耳constricted ear
隐耳cryptotia
副耳accessory ear
全鼻再造术total nose reconstruction
次全鼻再造术subtotal nose reconstruction
半鼻再造术hemirhinoplasty
次腭secondary palate
双侧唇裂bilateral cleft lip
唇完全裂complete cleft lip
鼻正中裂median cleft nose
鼻侧裂lateral cleft nose
红唇vermilion
红唇切除术vermilionectomy
红唇皮肤交界处vermilion-cutaneous junction
唇裂旋转推进瓣修复术cleft lip repair by Millard rotation-advancement flap technique
双侧腭裂bilateral cleft palate
先天性无肢amelia
先天性缺肢lipomeria
先天性环状缩窄congenital ring constriction
两趾并趾single syndactyly
完全并指complete syndactyly
完全并趾complete syndactyly
小手畸形microcheiria
掌腱膜切开术palmar aponeurotomy
掌腱膜切除术palmar aponeuroectomy
先天性扳机拇指congenital trigger thumb
鹅颈畸形swan neck deformity
槌状指mallet finger
锤状趾hammer toe
拇指功能重建术functional reconstruction of thumb
拇指桡侧外展radial abduction of thumb
拇指对掌palmar opposition of thumb
早发性淋巴水肿lymphedema praecox
遗传性淋巴水肿hereditary lymphedema
象皮肿elephantiasis
腿象皮肿elephantiasis of leg
淋巴管曲张lymph varix
淋巴静脉吻合术lymphatico-venous anastomosis
淋巴结静脉吻合术lymph node-venous anastomosis
象皮肿大网膜瓣转移引流术omental flap transferring for elephantiasis
阴茎阴囊皮肤撕脱[伤]avulsion of penile and scrotal skin
阴道缺如absence of vagina
阴道闭锁atresia of vagina
杯状耳cup ear
鼻裂bifid nose
血管对合器vessel approximator
静脉动脉化游离皮瓣venous arterialized free skin flap
神经血管蒂皮瓣neurovascular pedicle skin flap
衬里皮瓣lining skin flap
供血皮瓣permanent blood carrying skin flap
双蒂皮瓣bipedicle skin flap
连续Z成形术continuous Z-plasty
连续Y-V成形术continuous Y-V plasty
鼻中隔黏膜软骨复合组织游离移植术nasal septal muco-cartilaginous compound tissue free grafting
腕携带转移using wrist as a carrier to transfer skin flap indirectly
皮瓣舒平[术]skin flap flattening
脂肪瓣fat flap
真皮脂肪移植物dermis-fat graft
头发移植物hair graft
趾甲全部移植术total toe nail grafting
电缆式神经移植术cable nerve grafting
去神经denervation
血管旁路移植术blood vessel by-pass grafting
骨移植术bone grafting
吻合血管的游离骨移植术revascularized free bone grafting
吻合血管的游离大网膜瓣移植术revascularized free omentum flap grafting
组织代用品tissue substitute
尖头畸形acrocephaly
下颌面骨发育不全faciomandibular dysostosis
眦错位dystopia canthi
内眦距过宽telecanthus
下唇正中裂median lower lip cleft
惠勒手术Wheeler technique
鼻成形术rhinoplasty
鼻骨骨折复位钳nasal bone fracture reduction for-ceps
初腭primary palate
鼻侧突lateral nasal process
单侧唇裂unilateral cleft lip
多指polydactyly
后天性并趾acquired syndactyly
偏斜deviation
发育异常dysplasia
早期修复early repair
即时修复immediate repair
后期修复late repair
一期修复one stage repair
分期修复staged repair
推切剥离cleavage dissection
切除[术]excision
楔形切除[术]wedge excision
圆形切除[术]circular excision
间断缝合interrupted suture
褥式缝合mattress suture
纵褥式缝合vertical mattress suture
横褥式缝合transverse mattress suture
半埋入横褥式缝合half buried horizontal mattress su-ture
贯穿褥式缝合transfixing mattress suture
轮廓线contour line
梭形切口fusiform incision
冠状切口coronal incision
显微缝合micro suture
重叠缝合overlapping suture
关键点key point
缝皮钉skin staple
显微外科microsurgery
显微血管外科microvascular surgery
神经吻合[术]neural anastomosis
术中软组织扩张术intraoperative soft tissue expansion
可拆线连续皮内缝合removable continuous intradermal suture
绷线缝合basting suture
定位缝合key approximation suture
嵌插缝合tongue-groove suture
电干燥法electrodesiccation
削除疗法shaving therapy
移植物graft
移植片graft
供体donor
[同种]异基因移植物allograft
异种移植物heterograft
冷藏组织移植物refrigerated tissue graft
游离组织移植物free tissue graft
游离组织移植术free tissue grafting
带蒂组织移植术pedicled tissue grafting
硬化剂sclerosing agent
硬化剂注入疗法sclerosing agent injection therapy
带发皮片hair-bearing free skin graft
带发皮片移植术hair-bearing free skin grafting
电动取皮机electric dermatome
气动取皮机air-driven dermatome
取皮胶膜dermatape
桥跨现象bridging phenomenon
皮片free skin graft
轴型皮瓣axial pattern skin flap
直接皮肤动脉direct cutaneous artery
前臂游离皮瓣forearm free skin flap
吻合血管的游离皮瓣移植术revascularized free skin flap grafting
联合游离皮瓣combined free skin flap
串联游离皮瓣free skin flap in series
隧道植皮术tunnel skin grafting
转位皮瓣transposition skin flap
袋状皮瓣marsupial skin flap
菱形皮瓣rhomboid skin flap
黏膜骨膜瓣mucoperiosteum flap
组合皮瓣combined skin flap
预构皮瓣prefabricated skin flap
复合皮瓣compound skin flap
肌皮瓣myocutaneous flap
黏膜移植术mucosa grafting
围裙状黏膜瓣apron mucosal flap
黏膜瓣mucosal flap
肌移植术muscle grafting
肌转移功能重建术functional rebuilding by muscle transfer
肌腱移植物tendon graft
肌腱移植术tendon grafting
肌腱转位术tendon transposition
骨移植物bone graft
骨贴附移植术onlay bone grafting
人工鼻artificial nose
水凝胶hydrogel
组织库tissue bank
颅面骨发育不全craniofacial dysostosis
阿佩尔综合征Apert syndrome
颅面裂craniofacial cleft
面裂facial cleft
面正中裂median facial cleft
面斜裂oblique facial cleft
鼻眼裂naso-ocular facial cleft
恶性溃疡malignant ulcer
侵蚀性溃疡rodent ulcer
全颜面骨骨折panfacial fracture
颅骨面骨分离craniofacial dysjunction
睑缺损eyelid coloboma
假性眶距过宽false orbital hypertelorism
耳廓auricle
耳轮helix
瘢痕性睑外翻cicatricial ectropion
耳垂ear lobule
三角窝triangular fossa [of auricle]
耳甲auricular concha
对耳屏antitragus
[耳]屏间切迹intertragic notch
舟甲角scaphoconchal angle
颅耳角cranioauricular angle
颅耳间沟cranioauricular sulcus
小耳畸形microtia
鼻前孔anterior nares
前颌premaxilla
唇裂cleft lip
腭完全裂complete cleft palate
腭不全裂incomplete cleft palate
舌系带短缩ankyloglossia
吹口哨状唇畸形whistling lip deformity
甲状舌管囊肿thyroglossal cyst
甲状舌管窦道thyroglossal sinus
颈耳瘘管cervical aural fistula
鳃裂囊肿branchial cyst
鳃窦branchial sinus
鳃瘘branchial fistula
颏颈粘连mental cervical adhesion
颏颈挛缩mental cervical contracture
颏胸粘连mental sternal adhesion
食管成形术esophagoplasty
不对称乳房asymmetrical breasts
乳房皮下切除术subcutaneous mammectomy
肌下植入submuscular implantation
腹裂[畸形]gastroschisis
腹壁围裙状松垂[畸形]abdominal apron deformity
体形塑造body contouring
掌横弓transverse palmar arch
掌纵弓longitudinal palmar arch
爪形手claw hand deformity
真皮床dermal bed
乳房切除术mammectomy
关节囊切除术articular capsulectomy
关节囊切开术articular capsulotomy
指线digital ray
趾线digital ray
先天性单指monodactyly
先天性单趾monodactyly
先天性指屈曲camptodactyly
掌跖角化过度[症]hyperkeratosis of palms and soles
拇指再造术reconstruction of thumb
拇指化术pollicization of finger
第一掌骨拇指化术pollicization of first metacarpal bone
淋巴水肿lymphedema
会阴型尿道下裂perineal hypospadias
阴茎下弯畸形chordee
尿道成形术urethroplasty
充注型阴道模具inflatable vaginal stent
尿道下裂hypospadias
阴茎型尿道下裂penile hypospadias
阴茎远端型尿道下裂distal shaft hypospadias
阴茎近端型尿道下裂proximal shaft hypospadias
两性畸形hermaphroditism
男假两性畸形male pseudohermaphroditism
带蒂肠段转移阴道形成术construction of vagina by pedicled intestinal segment transfer
模具持续压迫阴道形成术construction of vagina by continu-ous pressure with stent
尿道阴道瘘urethrovaginal fistula
膀胱阴道瘘vesicovaginal fistula
纤维蛋白fibrin
上皮形成epithelization
皮内缝合intradermal suture
阶梯状缝合stepping suture
头皮夹scalp clip
无创[伤]技术atraumatic technique
多普勒激光血流探测仪Doppler laser blood stream detector
即时软组织扩张术immediate soft tissue expansion
微血管吻合[术]microvascular anastomosis
镜像手mirror hand
脂肪沉积lipidosis
掌弓palmar arch


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