常见医学名词中英文对照表——烧伤医学

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本学习资料包含了常见医学名词中英文对照内容,累计66个分类、40000条明细中英文对照数据。

明细目录:人体解剖学、传染病、传统中医学、儿科学、免疫学、全科医学与社区卫生、内分泌病学、内科学、创伤学、医学美学与美容、医学遗传学、医疗专业名词、口腔医学、呼吸病学、器官移植学、地方病学、外科学、外科护理、妇产科学、寄生虫病学、小儿外科学、常见手术医学名词、常见疾病医学名词、康复医学、微生物医学、心理学、心血管外科、心血管病学、急诊医学、护理诊断、放射医学与防护、放疗医学、整形外科学、显微外科学、普外科学、普通外科学、泌尿内科学、泌尿外科学、流行病学、消化内镜学、消化系统医学、烧伤医学、烧伤外科学、生理卫生、病理学、症状学、皮肤病学、眼科学、神经外科学、神经病学、精神病学、结核病学、老年医学、耳鼻喉科学、肾脏病学、肿瘤医学、胃肠病学、营养与食品卫生学、血液病学、诊断和治疗常用名词、诊断学、风湿病学、骨伤科学、骨科学、麻醉医学、麻醉学。

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部分分表数据:

中文名称英文名称
休克期shock stage
康复期stage of recovery; stage of rehabilitation
休克代偿期compensatory stage of shock
示教办公室teaching office
男值班室/女值班室duty room for man/ woman  
护士办公室nurse’s office
手术室operation room
医生办公室doctor’s office
B超室B ultrasonic room  
护士值班室nurse’s duty room
检查治疗室consulting & therapeutic room
女更衣室female changing room
伤科department of traumatology
医学整形科department of plastic surgery
出入院处out/in-patient department
主任办公室director’s office
收费挂号处registration & cashier office
外科治疗室surgery therapeutic room
男厕所/女厕所/残疾人专用厕所toilet for man/ toilet for woman/ handicapped used only 
门诊办公室outpatient office
门诊护士办公室outpatient nurse’s office
病区endemic area
IV度烧伤Fourth degree burns
一度烧伤初期局部治疗Initial local treatment of first degree burn
III度烧伤Third degree burns
浅II度烧伤Superficial Second Degree Burns
I度烧伤first degree burns
切痂术eschar excision
深II度烧伤Deep Second Degree Burns
切痂excision of eschar
烧伤性挛缩burn contracture
烧伤植皮grafting for burns
烧伤深度估计assessment of depth of the burn wound
烧伤体表面积Burned Surface Area
烧伤面积估计estimation of burn area
烧伤面积的单位UBS;units of burn surface
烧伤监护病房BCU; burn care unit
烧伤焦痂burn eschar
烧伤急诊处理emergency management of burn
烧伤后爪形手clawhand after burn
烧伤后负氮平衡negative nitrogen balance after burn
烧伤膏Burn cream
烧伤敷料交换Burn dressing change
烧伤高代谢burn hypermetabolism
烧伤分类Classification of burn
烧伤创面开放暴露疗法open method treatment of burn
烧伤充血带burn congestion zone
烧伤创面处理Management of burn wound
烧伤病人饮食Burn patient diet
烧伤病人家庭紧急处理法urgent treatment for burn patient in family
烧伤病人Burn patient
补液量计算公式fluid replacement formula
环形烧伤circumferential burn
体表面积body surface area
伦德-布劳德表Lund-Browder chart
蒸发失水evaporation water loss
焦痂自溶autolysis of eschar
烧伤灾难burn disaster
针刺试验pin-prick test
焦痂下细菌计数subeschar bacterial count
烧伤指数burn index
钢水烧伤burn by molten steel
火焰烧伤flame burn
闪光烧伤flash burn
一度烧伤first degree burn
轻度烧伤mild [degree] burn
中度烧伤moderate [degree] burn
深度烧伤deep burn
[烧伤]半数致死面积LA50
液体丢失fluid loss
烧伤性休克burn shock
内环境稳定homeostasis
高代谢hypermetabolism
基础代谢率basal metabolic rate
静息能量消耗rest energy expenditure
应激性糖尿病stress diabetes
氮平衡nitrogen balance
正氮平衡positive nitrogen balance
接触烧伤contact burn
总体表面积total body surface area
烧伤处理burn care
伤员检别分类triage
烧伤病人转送transportation of burn patient
烧伤病人后送evacuation of burn patient
拔毛试验hair-pulling test
尿量urine volume
钠排泄分数fractional excretion of sodium
烧伤感染infection of burn
放射性烧伤radiation burn
X线烧伤X-ray burn
热辐射烧伤heat radiation burn
微波烧伤microwave burn
气枕床low air loss bed
气垫床air fluidized bed
烧伤敷料burn dressing
β型转化生长因子transforming growth factor β
补液疗法fluid replacement therapy
伊文思公式Evans formula
瘢痕松解植皮术lysis of cicatricial contracture and skin grafting
皮肤替代品skin substitutes
皮桨植皮术skin pulp grafting
微粒植皮术granular skin grafting
肥厚性瘢痕hypertrophic scar
瘢痕疙瘩keloid
瘢痕性脱发cicatricial alopecia
马乔林溃疡Marjolin ulcer
眉缺损defect of eyebrow
肢缺损loss of limb
关节钙化articular calcification
肌[肉]萎缩myatrophy
肌腱粘连adhesion of tendon
氢氟酸烧伤hydrofluoric acid burn
杰克逊植皮术Jackson skin grafting method
弹力衣pressure garment
球拍式牵引夹banjo traction splint
烧伤面积burn surface area
二度烧伤second degree burn
深二度烧伤deep second degree burn
三度烧伤third degree burn
九分法rule of Nine
新九分法modified rule of Nine
烧伤创面愈合burn wound healing
烧伤残余创面residual burn wound
石炭酸烧伤phenol burn
磷烧伤phosphorus burn
芥子气烧伤mustard gas burn
催泪弹烧伤tear gas burn
电损伤electric injury
瓦斯爆炸伤gas explosion burn
哈伯德浴池Hubbard tank
里斯取皮机Reese dermatome
补液fluid replacement
派克兰公式Parkland formula
溶质性利尿solute diuresis
包扎疗法occlusive dressing
暴露疗法exposure method
半暴露疗法semi-exposure method
皮瓣skin flap
局部皮瓣local skin flap
远部皮瓣remote skin flap
自体皮移植术autologous skin grafting
局部旋转推进皮瓣移植术local advancement and rotation flap transplantation
浸浴bathing
哈里斯-本尼迪克特公式Harris-Benedict formula
肠道喂养nutrition
肠外营养parenteral nutrition
弹性绷带elastic bandage
烧伤脑病burn encephalopathy
柯林溃疡Curling ulcer
烧伤后肾上腺出血postburn adrenal hemorrhage
肠源性感染enterogenic infection
侵入性感染invasive infection
外耳畸形deformity of external ear
膝屈曲畸形flexion deformity of knee
热压伤hot crush injury
烧伤创面burn wound
眼烧伤burn of eye
心肌抑制因子myocardial depressant factor
肠道细菌内毒素移位endotoxin translocation from intes- tine
肠道营养enteral nutrition
受[皮]区recipient site
网状皮片mesh skin graft
电弧烧伤electric arc burn
热滚筒烧伤hot roller burn
网状皮片取皮机mesh graft dermatome
平衡盐溶液balanced salt solution
乳酸盐林格溶液lactated Ringer solution
葡萄糖胰岛素钾盐溶液glucose-insulin-potassium salt solu- tion
抗铜绿假单胞菌高免疫球蛋白antipseudomonas aeruginosa hyper-immune globulin
冰水疗法ice water treatment
反向隔离reverse isolation
大张皮移植术large sheet skin grafting
职业疗法occupational therapy
要素饮食elemental diet
胃肠道外全面营养total parenteral nutrition
腋挛缩axillary contracture
掌指关节背屈畸形extension contracture of metacar- pophalangeal joint
骨赘病osteophytosis
烧伤病房burn ward
上皮化epithelization
创面菌群wound flora
氙-131扫描xenon-131 scanning
骨烧伤burn of bone
硝酸烧伤nitric acid burn
铬酸烧伤chromic acid burn
碱烧伤alkali burn
苛性碱烧伤caustic alkali burn
氢氧化钠烧伤sodium hydroxide burn
氨水烧伤aqueous ammonia burn
电接触烧伤electric contact burn
高压电损伤high voltage electrical injury
电烧伤electric burn
颈部烧伤burn of neck region
沥青烧伤bitumen burn
成纤维细胞生长因子fibroblast growth factor
血小板源性生长因子platelet-derived growth factor
取皮术harvesting of skin grafts
供[皮]区donor site
布鲁克公式Brooke formula
冬眠合剂lytic cocktail
表皮生长因子epidermal growth factor
邮票状皮片stamp skin graft
岛状皮瓣island skin flap
网状植皮术mesh grafting
皮库skin bank
蓝色皮片blue graft
白色皮片排斥white graft rejection
白色皮片white graft
水疗法hydrotherapy
播散性真菌感染disseminated fungal infection
烧伤后病毒感染postburn virus infection
病细胞综合征sick cell syndrome
电解质紊乱electrolyte disturbance
酸碱平衡失调acid-base imbalance
Z成形术Z-plasty
碳氧血红蛋白carboxyhemoglobin
胶原酶collagenase
真皮胶原dermal collagen
萎缩性瘢痕atrophic scar
肘屈曲前旋畸形flexion pronation deformity of     elbow
腕部瘢痕挛缩scar contracture of wrist
手掌瘢痕挛缩scar contracture of palm
假蹼形成interdigital web formation
瘢痕形成cicatrization
重度烧伤severe [degree] burn
血管烧伤burn of blood vessel
手烧伤burn of hand
会阴部烧伤burn of perineal region
掌指关节半脱位subluxation of metacarpo-pha- langeal joint
层流laminar flow
耳廓缺损defect of auricle
等离子体刀plasma scalpel
刃厚皮片razor-thin graft
薄皮瓣移植术transplantation of thin skin flap
轴型皮瓣axial skin flap
颅骨死骨摘除术cranial sequestrectomy
白色皮片缺血white graft ischemia
局部抗菌治疗topical antibacterial therapy
闪电烧伤lightning burn
浅二度烧伤superficial second degree burn
化学性吸入损伤chemical inhalation injury
中国九分法Chinese rule of Nine
烧伤深度depth of burn
代谢反应metabolic response
创面活组织检查术wound biopsy
关节烧伤burn of joint
口腔烧伤burn of oral cavity
颅骨烧伤burn of cranium
神经烧伤burn of nerve
肌腱烧伤burn of tendon
内脏烧伤visceral burn
面部烧伤burn of face
烧伤毒素burn toxin
水疱blister
焦痂eschar
表皮细胞epidermic cell
烟雾吸入损伤smoke inhalation injury
化学烧伤chemical burn
酸烧伤acid burn
盐酸烧伤hydrochloric acid burn
硫酸烧伤sulfuric acid burn
烧伤合并中毒burn combined with poisoning
烧伤并发症complication of burn
激光刀laser scalpel
红外线热像仪infra-red thermograph
取皮机dermatome
鼓式取皮机drum dermatome
凝固汽油烧伤napalm burn
汽油烧伤petrol burn
缺血性坏死ischemic necrosis
尸体皮cadaver skin
冷冻干燥皮lyophilized skin
皮肤保存skin preservation
玻璃化vitrification
纤维连接蛋白fibronectin
绿珠蛋白尿verdoglobinuria
多器官功能障碍综合征multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
眼眦部瘢痕畸形scar deformity of canthus
鼻翼缺损defect of nasal ala
鼻孔狭窄stricture of nostril
外耳道狭窄stricture of external auditory mea- tus
瘢痕组织scar tissue
肠道细菌移位bacterial translocation from intestine
瘢痕scar
烧伤学burns
热伤thermal injury
烧伤burn
烫伤scald
热穿通伤heat perforating wound
烧伤中心burn center
石灰烧伤lime burn
水泥烧伤cement burn
吸入性损伤inhalation injury
呼吸道烧伤respiratory tract burn
蒸汽吸入损伤steam inhalation injury
辊轴刀Humby knife
胶体溶液colloid solution
晶体溶液crystalloid solution
燃烧弹烧伤incendiary bomb burn
冷疗法cold therapy
清创术de&1&bridement
焦痂切开术escharotomy
削痂术tangential excision of eschar
剥痂术denudation of eschar
焦痂切除术escharectomy
脱焦痂separation of eschar
植皮术skin grafting
筛状皮片sieve skin graft
[游离]皮片free skin graft
中厚皮片split-thickness skin graft
全厚皮片full-thickness skin graft
筋膜瓣fascial flap
旋转皮瓣rotated skin flap
游离皮瓣free skin flap
肌皮瓣musculo-cutaneous flap
迁移皮瓣jump skin flap
带蒂皮瓣pedicle skin flap
生物敷料biological dressing
焦痂下抗生素灌注治疗subeschar antibiotic infusion thera- py
局部抗真菌治疗topical antifungal therapy
浸浴疗法immersion therapy
免疫疗法immuno-therapy
压迫疗法pressure therapy
热卡摄取量calorie intake
柯雷里公式Curreri formula
烧伤创面脓毒症burn wound sepsis
坏死斑ecthyma gangrenosa
非酮症高渗高糖性昏迷nonketogenic hyperosmolar hyper- glycemic coma
气管支气管缩窄stricture of trachea and bronchi
呼吸道出血hemorrhage from respiratory tract
肠系膜上动脉综合征superior mesenteric artery syndrome
小耳畸形microtia
唇外翻cheilectropion
毁容disfigurement of face
颏胸粘连mento-sternal adhesion
跟腱挛缩contracture of Achilles tendon
瘢痕挛缩cicatricial contracture
槌状趾畸形mallet toe deformity
手恶性水肿malignant edema of hand
会阴粘连perineal adhesion
拇指内收畸形adduction deformity of thumb
钮孔状畸形boutonnie&2&re deformity
槌状指畸形mallet finger deformity
烧伤后假性糖尿病pseudodiabetes of burn
负氮平衡negative nitrogen balance
次氯酸钠烧伤sodium hypochlorite burn
化学烧伤全身中毒intoxication after chemical burn
低压电损伤low voltage electrical injury
煤焦油烧伤coal tar burn
烧伤合并脊髓损伤burn combined with spinal injury
翻身床Stryker frame
酶溶痂术enzymatic de&1&bridement
人工皮artificial skin
冷冻保存cryopreservation
全身炎症反应综合征systemic inflammatory response    syndrome
化脓性血栓性静脉炎suppurative thrombophlebitis
烧伤后精神紊乱postburn psychological disturbance
增生性瘢痕hyperplastic scar
烧伤瘢痕恶性变malignant degeneration of burn    scar
耳垂缺损defect of ear lobe
小口畸形microstomia
指关节屈曲畸形flexion deformity of interdigital    joint
腹股沟部瘢痕挛缩scar contracture of inguinal region
烧伤面积手掌估算法palm method for estimation of  burn   surface area
高张盐溶液hypertonic saline solution
自异体皮混合移植术intermingled transplantation of    auto and allogeneic skin
湿敷wet compress


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