常见医学名词中英文对照表——神经病学

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本学习资料包含了常见医学名词中英文对照内容,累计66个分类、40000条明细中英文对照数据。

明细目录:人体解剖学、传染病、传统中医学、儿科学、免疫学、全科医学与社区卫生、内分泌病学、内科学、创伤学、医学美学与美容、医学遗传学、医疗专业名词、口腔医学、呼吸病学、器官移植学、地方病学、外科学、外科护理、妇产科学、寄生虫病学、小儿外科学、常见手术医学名词、常见疾病医学名词、康复医学、微生物医学、心理学、心血管外科、心血管病学、急诊医学、护理诊断、放射医学与防护、放疗医学、整形外科学、显微外科学、普外科学、普通外科学、泌尿内科学、泌尿外科学、流行病学、消化内镜学、消化系统医学、烧伤医学、烧伤外科学、生理卫生、病理学、症状学、皮肤病学、眼科学、神经外科学、神经病学、精神病学、结核病学、老年医学、耳鼻喉科学、肾脏病学、肿瘤医学、胃肠病学、营养与食品卫生学、血液病学、诊断和治疗常用名词、诊断学、风湿病学、骨伤科学、骨科学、麻醉医学、麻醉学。

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部分分表数据:

中文名称英文名称
介入治疗interventional therapy
马尾损伤injury of cauda equina
坐标coordinate
颅内静脉畸形intracranial venous malformation
表皮样瘤epidermoidoma
血管网状细胞瘤angioreticuloma
神经鞘瘤schwannoma
垂体腺癌pituitary carcinoma
颅内先天性动脉瘤intracranial congenital aneurysm
颅内夹层动脉瘤intracranial dissecting aneurysm
非交通性脑积水noncommunicating hydrocephalus
正常灌注压突破normal perfusion pressure break-    through
颅内寄生虫病intracranial parasitosis
脑真菌性肉芽肿mycotic granuloma of brain
脊髓疾病diseases of spinal cord
脊髓受压compression of spinal cord
脊髓梅毒瘤spinal cord syphiloma
脊髓拴系综合征tethered cord syndrome
颅狭[窄]症craniostenosis
颅裂cranium bifidum
锥体外系疾病及运动异常疾患diseases of extrapyramidal system    and movement disorder
翼点入路pterion approach
经侧脑室三角区入路transtrigone lateral ventricle    approach
双额减压术bifrontal decompression
脑室-腹腔分流术ventriculo-peritoneal shunt
侧脑室造瘘术lateral ventriculostomy
颅脑损伤手术operation of craniocerebral injury
动脉内化疗intra-arterial chemotherapy
血管内神经外科endovascular neurosurgery
血管内支架endovascular stent
颞浅-大脑中动脉吻合术superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis
颈动脉植片修补术patch grafting of carotid artery
胼胝体切开术corpus callosotomy
扣带回切开术cingulotomy
三叉神经眼枝撕脱术avulsion of ophthalmic branch of trigeminal nerve
显微[神经]血管减压术microsurgical [neuro-]vascular    decompression
椎管内肿瘤切除术excision of intraspinal tumor
肋间神经阻滞术intercostal nerve block
神经移位术nerve transposition
丘脑腹外侧核毁损术ventrolateral thalamotomy
立体定向放射外科stereotaxic radiosurgery
激光手术laser surgery
脑室-脑池分流术lateral ventriculo-cisterna magna     shunt
显微神经外科[学]microneurosurgery
小儿神经外科[学]pediatric neurosurgery
灼性神经痛causalgia
植物状态vegetative state
胶样囊肿colloid cyst
颅内假性动脉瘤intracranial false aneurysm
颈内动脉-后交通动脉动脉瘤internal carotid artery-posterior    communicating artery aneurysm
髓内动静脉畸形intramedullary arteriovenous mal- formation
外囊出血external capsule hemorrhage
内囊出血internal capsule hemorrhage
丘脑出血thalamic hemorrhage
脑桥出血pontine hemorrhage
静脉窦血栓形成thrombosis of venous sinus
脑脓肿brain abscess
脑蛛网膜炎arachnoiditis of brain
脑结核瘤brain tuberculoma
脊髓蛛网膜炎arachnoiditis of spinal cord
脊髓挫伤contusion of spinal cord
舟状头[畸形]scaphocephaly
脑[脊]膜膨出meningocele
脑膜脑膨出meningoencephalocele
脑穿通畸形porencephaly
三叉神经痛trigeminal neuralgia
前斜角肌综合征scalenus anticus syndrome
脑萎缩brain atrophy
颅骨环钻术trephination of skull
颅骨成形术cranioplasty
手术入路operative approach
幕上入路supratentorial approach
额部入路frontal approach
颞下入路subtemporal approach
终板入路lamina terminalis approach
经侧裂入路transsylvian approach
经胼胝体入路transcallosal approach
经额叶侧脑室入路transfrontal lateral ventricle    approach
经口入路transoral approach
额叶切除术frontal lobectomy
腰椎蛛网膜下腔-腹腔分流术lumbar subarachnoid-peritoneal shunt
脊髓空洞-蛛网膜下腔分流术syringo-subarachnoid shunt
脑室造瘘术ventriculostomy
第三脑室前部造瘘术anterior third ventriculostomy
斯托基-斯卡夫第三脑室造瘘术Stookey-Scarff third ventriculostomy
颅内肿瘤手术operation of intracranial tumor
术前栓塞术preoperative embolization
神经血管造影neuroangiography
颈动脉内膜切除术carotid endarterectomy
脑脓肿手术brain abscess operation
脑脓肿抽吸术aspiration of brain abscess
脑脓肿引流术drainage of brain abscess
三叉神经半月节射频热凝固术radiofrequency thermocoagulation for gasserian ganglion
脊髓前外侧束切断术anteriolateral cordotomy
立体定向脊髓束切断术stereotaxic cordotomy
神经切除术neurectomy
神经切断术neurotomy
神经植入术neurotization
神经撕脱术avulsion of nerve
老年神经外科[学]geriatric neurosurgery
脊索瘤chordoma
生殖细胞瘤germinoma
颅内转移瘤intracranial metastatic tumor
神经上皮瘤neuroepithelioma
星形细胞瘤astrocytoma
星形母细胞瘤astroblastoma
硬脊膜动静脉瘘spinal dural arteriovenous fistula
血管构筑angioarchitecture
空蝶鞍empty sella turcica
颅内动脉瘤intracranial aneurysm
颅内动脉硬化性动脉瘤intracranial arteriosclerotic    aneurysm
颅内感染性动脉瘤intracranial infected aneurysm
颅脑损伤craniocerebral injury
头皮挫伤scalp contusion
颅内出血intracranial hemorrhage
脑出血cerebral hemorrhage
壳核出血putamen hemorrhage
开放性颅骨骨折open fracture of skull
闭合性颅骨骨折closed fracture of skull
硬脑膜外血肿epidural hematoma
对冲性损伤contrecoup injury
开放性颅脑损伤open craniocerebral injury
脑挫伤contusion of brain
颅内感染intracranial infection
硬脊膜外血肿spinal epidural hematoma
硬脊膜下血肿spinal subdural hematoma
神经损伤injury of nerve
神经丛损伤injury of nerve plexus
硬脊膜外脓肿spinal epidural abscess
硬脊膜下脓肿spinal subdural abscess
舌咽神经痛glossopharyngeal neuralgia
膝状节神经痛geniculate neuralgia
红斑性肢痛症erythromelalgia
头皮切口incision of scalp
血管内治疗endovascular treatment
溶栓thrombolysis
血管成形术angioplasty
缺血性脑血管疾病手术operation for ischemic cerebrovascular diseases
颅外-颅内动脉吻合术extra-intracranial artery anastomosis
颞浅-小脑上动脉吻合术superficial temporal artery-superior cerebellar artery anastomosis
枕-小脑后下动脉吻合术occipital artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery anastomosis
动脉旁路术arterial bypass
脑脓肿切除术excision of brain abscess
导水管扩张术dilatation of aqueduct
颅内动脉瘤球囊栓塞术balloon embolization of intracranial aneurysm
颅内动静脉畸形切除术excision of intracranial AVM
颈动脉结扎术carotid artery ligation
视神经管减压术decompression of optic canal
三叉神经半月节甘油注射术glycerol injection of gasserian ganglion
面神经吻合术facial nerve anastomosis
面-舌下神经吻合术facial-hypoglossal nerve anastomosis
面-副神经吻合术facial-accessory nerve anastomosis
面肌抽搐射频热凝固术radiofrequency thermocoagulation    for facial tic
椎板切除术laminectomy
椎管内脓肿清除术evacuation of intraspinal abscess
脑[脊]膜膨出修补术repair of [spinal] meningocele
交感神经手术operation on sympathetic nervous    system
星状神经节阻滞术stellate ganglion block
颅骨牵引术skull traction
神经松解术neurolysis
骶前神经切断术presacral neurotomy
立体定向手术stereotactic surgery
立体定向仪stereotactic apparatus
靶点target
参考点reference point
连合间线intercommissural line
星状神经节切除术stellate ganglionectomy
胸交感神经切除术thoracic sympathectomy
动脉周围交感神经切除术periarterial sympathectomy
颅骨海绵状血管瘤cavernous hemangioma of skull
颅骨骨髓炎osteomyelitis of skull
颅骨凹陷骨折depressed fracture of skull
颅骨生长性骨折growing fracture of skull
直线切口linear incision
倒钩形切口reverse hook incision
L形切口L-shaped incision
颅骨切除术craniectomy
顶部入路parietal approach
顶枕入路parieto-occipital approach
脑震荡concussion of brain
[小脑]幕上下联合入路combined supratentorial-infraten-    torial approach
颅内动脉瘤孤立术trapping of intracranial aneurysm
颅缝重建术reconstruction of cranial suture
创伤后脑综合征post-traumatic brain syndrome
科布综合征Cobb syndrome
栓塞embolism
先天性脑积水congenital hydrocephalus
脑受压compression of brain
脊髓休克spinal shock
颅内毛细管扩张[症]intracranial telangiestasia
双干脊髓diplomyelia
经小脑幕入路transtentorial approach
脑面血管瘤病encephalofacial angiomatosis
神经外科[学]neurosurgery
鞍结节脑膜瘤tuberculum sellae meningioma
鞍上脑膜瘤suprasellar meningioma
大脑凸面脑膜瘤cerebral convexity meningioma
小脑幕脑膜瘤tentorial meningioma
横窦脑膜瘤transverse sinus meningioma
[神经]胶质瘤glioma
脑室内脑膜瘤intraventricular meningioma
[多形性]胶质母细胞瘤glioblastoma [multiforme]
室管膜母细胞瘤ependymoblastoma
脉络丛乳头状瘤papilloma of choroid plexus
松果体细胞瘤pinealocytoma
松果体母细胞瘤pinealoblastoma
畸胎瘤teratoma
错构瘤hamartoma
少突神经胶质瘤oligodendroglioma
颅内创伤性动脉瘤intracranial traumatic aneurysm
大脑中动脉瘤middle cerebral artery aneurysm
基底动脉瘤basilar artery aneurysm
颅内血管畸形intracranial vascular malformation
颅内动静脉畸形intracranial arteriovenous malfor- mation
颅内海绵状血管瘤intracranial cavernous hemangio-ma
生长激素腺瘤growth hormone adenoma
促肾上腺皮质激素腺瘤adrenocorticotropic hormone adenoma
中脑出血midbrain hemorrhage
小脑出血cerebellar hemorrhage
皮质下出血subcortical hemorrhage
脑室内出血intraventricular hemorrhage
蛛网膜下腔出血subarachnoid hemorrhage
脑梗死cerebral infarction
急性脑肿胀acute brain swelling
颅内异物intracranial foreign body
脊髓脓肿spinal cord abscess
脊髓出血hematomyelia
脊髓结核瘤spinal cord tuberculoma
脊髓真菌性肉芽肿mycotic granuloma of spinal cord
脊膜瘤spinal meningioma
脊膜脊髓膨出meningomyelocele
颅脑先天性畸形congenital deformity of cranium    and brain
交通性脑积水communicating hydrocephalus
正常压力脑积水normal pressure hydrocephalus
脑寄虫病cerebral parasitosis
脊髓震荡concussion of spinal cord
弧形切口curved incision
冠状切口coronal incision
马蹄形切口horseshoe incision
钩形切口hook incision
尖头[畸形]acrocephaly
T形切口T-shaped incision
颅骨手术skull operation
颅骨钻孔术burr holes of skull
额颞入路frontotemporal approach
额顶入路frontoparietal approach
额下入路subfrontal approach
枕下入路suboccipital approach
弓形切口crossbow incision
三叉形切口tripod incision
梭形切口fusiform incision
S形切口S-shaped incision
乙状窦前入路presigmoid approach
前颞叶切除术anterior temporal lobectomy
颞下窝入路infratemporal approach
光动力学疗法photodynamic therapy
脑血管疾病手术operation for cerebrovascular    diseases
颅内动脉瘤手术operation for intracranial aneurysm
三叉神经射频热凝固术radiofrequency thermocoagulation of trigeminal nerve
周围神经手术operation on peripheral nerve
功能性神经外科[学]functional neurosurgery
精神外科[学]psychosurgery
大脑大静脉动脉瘤样畸形aneurysmal malformation of vein of Galen
颈内动脉海绵窦瘘carotid-cavernous fistula
硬脑膜动静脉瘘dural arteriovenous fistula
大脑半球皮质切除术cerebral hemicorticectomy
颅内动脉瘤包裹术wrapping of intracranial aneurysm
脊神经后根切断术spinal posterior rhizotomy
椎旁神经节阻滞术paravertebral nerve [ganglion]block
大脑前动脉-前交通动脉动脉瘤anterior cerebral artery-anterior communicating artery aneurysm
无脑[畸形]anencephaly
颅内血肿清除术evacuation of intracranial hema- toma
视[神经]盘水肿papilledema
神经痛neuralgia
眶内脑膜瘤intra-orbital meningioma
颅中窝脑膜瘤meningioma of middle cranial fossa
中间清醒期lucid interval
去大脑强直decerebrate rigidity
去[大脑]皮质状态decortical state
盗血现象steal phenomenon
极性胶质母细胞瘤spongioblastoma polare
催乳素瘤prolactinoma
脑干损伤brain stem injury
颅骨线形骨折linear fracture of skull
颅骨粉碎骨折comminuted fracture of skull
颅底骨折fracture of skull base
脊髓裂伤laceration of spinal cord
脑瘢痕brain cicatrix
大脑性瘫痪cerebral palsy
克吕弗-布西综合征Klu&4&ver-Bucy syndrome
小脑扁桃体下疝畸形Arnold-Chiari malformation
丹迪-沃克综合征Dandy-Walker syndrome
颅脑手术craniocerebral operations
积水性无脑畸形hydranencephaly
导水管狭窄aqueduct stenosis
颞部入路temporal approach
枕部入路occipital approach
经颧颞入路transzygomatic temporal approach
乙状窦后入路retrosigmoid approach
经内听道入路transmeatal approach
经迷路入路translabyrinthine approach
经眶入路transorbital approach
经口鼻蝶窦入路transoro-naso-sphenoidal approach
经蝶窦入路transsphenoidal approach
经鼻入路transnasal approach
脑立体定向活检stereotactic biopsy of brain
脑活检biopsy of brain
透明隔开窗术fenestration of septum pellucidum
头皮血肿抽吸术aspiration of hematoma of scalp
颅骨凹陷骨折整复术elevation of depressed fracture of skull
开放性脑创伤清创术de&1&bridement of open wound of brain
脑内异物摘除术removal of foreign body in brain
前囟穿刺术puncture of anterior fontanelle
颅内动脉瘤夹闭术clipping of intracranial aneurysm
脑室-心房分流术ventriculo-atrial shunt
脑室-静脉分流术ventriculo-venous shunt
脑室-静脉窦分流术ventriculo-sinus shunt
供血动脉夹闭术clipping of feeding artery
垂体切除术hypophysectomy
颅神经手术operation for cranial nerve
神经缝合术neurorrhaphy
神经吻合术nerve anastomosis
硬脑膜下水瘤subdural hydroma
弥散性轴索损伤diffuse axonal injury
米亚尔-居布勒综合征Millard-Gubler syndrome
[小脑]幕下-小脑上入路subtentorial-supracerebellar ap-    proach
经筛蝶窦入路transethmoid sphenoidal approach
脑叶切除术lobectomy of brain
颅内动脉瘤结扎术ligation of intracranial aneurysm
去大脑状态decerebrate state
顽固性疼痛intractable pain
颅内压增高increased intracranial pressure
蝶骨嵴脑膜瘤sphenoid ridge meningioma
海绵窦脑膜瘤meningioma of cavernous sinus
小脑脑桥角脑膜瘤meningioma of cerebello-pontine     angle
枕[骨]大孔脑膜瘤meningioma of foramen magnum
颅颈交界处脑膜瘤meningioma of craniocervical junc- tion
室管膜[细胞]瘤ependymoma
高血压脑出血hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage
延髓出血medulla oblongata hemorrhage
[脑]卒中[cerebral] apoplexy
头皮裂伤scalp laceration
经大脑半球间入路transinterhemispheric approach
乳突后入路retromastoid approach
库欣现象Cushing phenomenon
耳后淤血斑Battle sign
脑[脊]膜瘤meningioma
嗅沟脑膜瘤olfactory groove meningioma
大脑镰脑膜瘤cerebral falx meningioma
矢状窦旁脑膜瘤parasagittal meningioma
三角区脑膜瘤trigonal meningioma
髓母细胞瘤medulloblastoma
先天性肿瘤congenital tumor
皮样囊肿dermoid cyst
神经纤维瘤neurofibroma
神经纤维瘤病neurofibromatosis
神经纤维肉瘤neurofibrosarcoma
垂体腺瘤pituitary adenoma
岩骨斜坡脑膜瘤petroclival meningioma
髓周动静脉瘘perimedullary arteriovenous fistula
烟雾病moyamoya disease
头皮撕脱伤scalp avulsion
头皮血肿scalp hematoma
颅骨缺损defect of skull
颅骨骨瘤osteoma of skull
颅骨纤维性结构不良fibrous dysplasia of skull
颅骨嗜酸细胞肉芽肿eosinophilic granuloma of skull
硬脑膜下血肿subdural hematoma
开颅术craniotomy
脑裂伤laceration of brain
脑梅毒瘤brain syphiloma
梗阻性脑积水obstructive hydrocephalus
枕叶切除术occipital lobectomy
大脑半球切除术cerebral hemispherectomy
脑减压术decompression of brain
颞下减压术subtemporal decompression
枕下减压术suboccipital decompression
远外侧入路far lateral approach
[小脑]幕下入路infratentorial approach
颈动脉血栓切除术carotid thrombectomy
三叉神经感觉根切断术sensory rhizotomy of trigeminal nerve
椎间孔扩大术intervertebral foramenotomy
脊髓前连合切断术anterior commissurotomy of spinal cord
导向系统guidance system
模拟框架phantom frame
杏仁核毁损术amygdalotomy
电凝[固]术electrocoagulation
神经束切断术tractotomy
电刺激术electrostimulation
直线加速器放射外科linear accelerator radiosurgery
间质内照射interstitial irradiation
颅骨骨折fracture of skull
颅咽管瘤craniopharyngioma
脑内血肿intracerebral hematoma
完全性遗忘global amnesia
言语困难dyslalia
经皮质运动性失语[症]transcortical motor aphasia
截瘫paraplegia
前庭眼反射vestibulo-ocular reflex
运动不能性缄默[症]akinetic mutism
髌阵挛patellar clonus
兰德里瘫痪Landry paralysis
多发性硬化multiple sclerosis
脑桥中央髓鞘溶解central pontine myelinolysis
拉福拉病Lafora disease
门克斯病Menkes disease
亨廷顿病Huntington disease
幻影棘慢复合波phantom spike and slow wave complex
光惊厥反应photo convulsive response
运动单位动作电位motor unit action potential
跨阈步态steppage gait
杰克逊综合征Jackson syndrome
法齐奥-隆德综合征Fazio-Londe syndrome
脊髓电图学electromyelography
针电极needle electrode
远端潜伏期distal latency
听觉诱发电位auditory evoked potential
布朗-塞卡尔综合征Brown-Se&1&quard syndrome
完全性[脑]卒中complete stroke
M波M-wave
丛集性头痛cluster headache
橄榄体脑桥小脑萎缩olivopontocerebellar atrophy
单纤维肌电图学single fiber electromyography
错读[症]paralexia
德热里纳-克隆普克综合征Dejerine-Klumpke syndrome
昏迷coma
脑死亡brain death
遗忘[症]amnesia
痴呆dementia
凝视瘫痪gaze paralysis
触觉缺失thigmanesthesia
温度觉过敏thermohyperesthesia
温度觉减退thermohypesthesia
冷觉缺失arrhigosis
轻截瘫paraparesis
双侧瘫痪diplegia
张力过高hypertonia
张力失常dystonia
张力缺失atonia
反射亢进hyperreflexia
反射减弱hyporeflexia
巴宾斯基征Babinski sign
别赫捷列夫征Bechterew sign
比弗征Beevor sign
奎肯施泰特试验Queckenstedt test
运动徐缓bradykinesia
运动过度hyperkinesia
阵挛clonus
踝阵挛ankle clonus
跌倒发作drop attack
站立行走不能astasia abasia
痉挛性共济失调步态spastic ataxic gait
痉挛步态spastic gait
慌张步态festination
协同动作障碍dyssynergia
自动症automatism
联带运动synkinesia
协调性联带运动coordination synkinesia
动作失调incoordination
共济失调ataxia
假[性]共济失调pseudoataxia
静止性震颤static tremor
点头痉挛nodding spasm
坐骨神经痛sciatica
丘脑综合征thalamic syndrome
下丘脑综合征hypothalamic syndrome
布伦斯综合征Bruns syndrome
吉兰-巴雷综合征Guillain-Barre&1& syndrome
科克-德布雷-塞梅莱涅综合征Kocher-Debre&1&-Semelaigne&1& syndrome
脑出血cerebral hemorrhage
脑缺血cerebral ischemia
脑血栓形成cerebral thrombosis
颅内静脉血栓形成intracranial venous thrombosis
脑栓塞cerebral embolism
非典型失神发作atypical absence seizure
强直阵挛发作tonic clonic seizure
肌阵挛发作myoclonic seizure
紧张性头痛tension headache
心因性头痛psychogenic headache
偏头痛migraine
脑脊髓炎encephalomyelitis
感染后脑脊髓炎postinfectious encephalomyelitis
亚急性硬化性全脑炎subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
库鲁病Kuru disease
脑[脊]膜炎meningitis
莫拉雷脑[脊]膜炎Mollaret meningitis
脊髓病myelopathy
克拉伯病Krabbe disease
帕金森病Parkinson disease
佩利措伊斯-梅茨巴赫病Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease
皮克病Pick disease
雷夫叙姆病Refsum disease
赛特贝格病Seitelberger disease
希尔德病Schilder disease
丹吉尔病Tangier disease
单神经炎mononeuritis
多神经炎polyneuritis
神经根炎radiculitis
多神经根炎polyradiculitis
凯松病Caisson disease
德热里纳-索塔斯病Dejerine-Sottas disease
亨特病Hunt disease
莱伯病Leber disease
博恩霍尔姆病Bornholm disease
线状体肌病nemaline myopathy
肌管性肌病myotubular myopathy
中央轴空病central core disease
重症肌无力myasthenia gravis
周期性瘫痪periodic paralysis
肌强直myotonia
副肌强直paramyotonia
假性肌强直pseudomyotonia
萎缩性肌强直myotonia atrophica
神经性肌强直neuromyotonia
进行性脊髓性肌萎缩progressive spinal muscular atrophy
肌萎缩侧索硬化amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
原发性侧索硬化primary lateral sclerosis
库格尔贝格-韦兰德病Kugelberg-Welander disease
额骨内板增生症hyperostosis frontalis interna
克利佩尔-费尔病Klippel-Feil disease
脑电图学electroencephalography
脑电图electroencephalogram
脑皮层电图学electrocorticography
深部脑电图学depth electroencephalography
一过性波transient wave
棘波spike wave
爆发抑制burst suppression
光肌阵挛反应photo myoclonic response
光阵发反应photo paroxysm response
神经电图学electroneurography
肌电图学electromyography
肌电图electromyogram
F波F-wave
神经病学neurology
言语徐缓bradylalia
失读[症]alexia
诵读困难dyslexia
镜像书写mirror writing
失乐感[症]amusia
运用障碍dyspraxia
失用[症]apraxia
运动性失用[症]motor apraxia
淡漠性痴呆apathetic dementia
激越性痴呆dementia agitata
核上性眼肌瘫痪supranuclear ophthalmoplegia
核间性眼肌瘫痪internuclear ophthalmoplegia
眼震nystagmus
松弛性偏瘫flaccid hemiplegia
戈登征Gordon sign
霍夫曼征Hoffmann sign
诺特纳格尔征Nothnagel sign
掌颏反射palmomental reflex
头眼反射oculocephalogyric reflex
龙贝格征Romberg sign
轮替动作不能adiadochokinesia
捻丸样震颤pill rolling tremor
扑翼样震颤asterixis
痉挛spasm
肌阵挛myoclonus
投掷症ballism
假[性]手足徐动症pseudoathetosis
深眠状态parasomnia
多汗hyperhidrosis
少汗hypohidrosis
失禁incontinence
尿失禁urinary incontinence
大便失禁fecal incontinence
布鲁津斯基征Brudzinski sign
腕管综合征carpal tunnel syndrome
肘管综合征cubital tunnel syndrome
下肢不宁综合征restless leg syndrome
延髓前交叉综合征anterior cross bulbar syndrome
韦尼克综合征Wernicke syndrome
贝内迪克特综合征Benedikt syndrome
米亚尔-居布勒综合征Millard-Gubler syndrome
诺特纳格尔综合征Nothnagel syndrome
福格特综合征Vogt syndrome
雷蒙·塞斯唐综合征Raymond Cestan syndrome
赖利-戴综合征Riley-Day syndrome
福维尔综合征Foville syndrome
格斯特曼综合征Gerstmann syndrome
巴宾斯基-纳若特综合征Babinski-Nageotte syndrome
贝利-库欣综合征Bailey-Cushing syndrome
巴林特综合征Balint syndrome
强直发作tonic seizure
起立不能发作astatic seizure
失张力发作atonic seizure
简单部分发作simple partial seizure
复杂部分发作complex partial seizure
发作性睡病narcolepsy
假性脑[脊]膜炎meningism
室管膜炎ependymitis
蛛网膜炎arachnoiditis
进行性多灶性白质脑病progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
间脑病diencephalosis
脊髓炎myelitis
脊膜脊髓炎meningomyelitis
韦尼克脑病Wernicke encephalopathy
韦尼克病Wernicke disease
利氏病Leigh disease
勒夫特病Luft disease
麦卡德尔病McArdle disease
亚历山大病Alexander disease
大脑性瘫痪cerebral palsy
遗传性小脑共济失调hereditary cerebellar ataxia
弗里德赖希共济失调Friedreich ataxia
神经病neuropathy
僵人综合征stiff man syndrome
鼻咽电极nasopharyngeal electrode
节律rhythm
β波β-wave
μ节律μ-rhythm
背景活动background activity
运动神经传导速度motor nerve conduction velocity
感觉定位不能allochesthesia
奥本海姆征Oppenheim sign
性欲亢进hypersexuality
偏侧肥大hemihypertrophy
凯尔尼格征Kernig sign
耳颞综合征auriculo-temporal syndrome
跗管综合征tarsal tunnel syndrome
进行性[脑]卒中progressive stroke
观念运动性失用[症]ideokinetic apraxia
无动性发作akinetic seizure
交替性瘫痪alternate hemiplegia
莫罗反射Moro reflex
闭锁综合征locked-in syndrome
小发作petit mal
阵挛发作clonic seizure
部分发作partial seizure
咳嗽晕厥cough syncope
头痛headache
终板噪声end plate noise
肌强直电位myotonic potential
帕里诺综合征Parinaud syndrome
埃迪综合征Adie syndrome
阿佩尔综合征Apert syndrome
克洛德综合征Claude syndrome
排尿晕厥micturition syncope
深部脑电图depth electroencephalogram
丘脑电图electrothalamogram
同轴针电极coaxial needle electrode
多导电极multilead electrode
假[性]延髓性麻痹pseudobulbar paralysis
疫苗接种后脑脊髓炎postvaccinal encephalomyelitis
脑膜脑炎meningoencephalitis
脑病encephalopathy
横贯性脊髓炎transverse myelitis
巴洛病Balo disease
多神经病polyneuropathy
夏科-马里-图思病Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
神经肌炎neuromyositis
大锥状颗粒肌病megaconial myopathy
肉[毒]碱缺乏病carnitine deficiency
先天性肌强直congenital myotonia
软骨营养不良性肌强直chondrodystrophic myotonia
韦德尼希-霍夫曼病Werdnig-Hoffmann disease
脑皮层电图electrocorticogram
抽搐tic
肌炎myositis
先兆aura
旋转性发作adversive seizure
延髓空洞症syringobulbia
书写困难dysgraphia
观念性失用[症]ideational apraxia
核性眼肌瘫痪nuclear ophthalmoplegia
同向偏斜conjugate deviation
头晕dizziness
构音困难dysarthria
桑塔沃里病Santavuori disease
顺行性遗忘anterograde amnesia
逆行性遗忘retrograde amnesia
失语韵[症]aprosody
错语[症]paraphasia
失算[症]acalculia
面容失认[症]prosopagnosia
自身部位失认[症]autotopagnosia
重量失认[症]baragnosis
位置失认[症]atopognosia
空间定位障碍planotopokinesia
辨距困难dysmetria
味觉倒错parageusia
痛觉过度hyperpathia
偏侧感觉缺失hemianesthesia
幻感觉phantom sensation
幻肢phantom limb
神经痛neuralgia
肌痛myalgia
痉挛性偏瘫spastic hemiplegia
四肢瘫痪quadriplegia
交叉性瘫痪crossed paralysis
肌无力myasthenia
假[性]肥大pseudohypertrophy
肌萎缩amyotrophy
肌张力缺失amyotonia
肌张力障碍dysmyotonia
反射消失areflexia
强直反射tonic reflex
锥体束征pyramidal sign
查多克征Chaddock sign
模仿性联带运动imitative synkinesia
扭转性肌张力障碍torsion dysmyotonia
肌纤维颤搐myokymia
震颤tremor
软腭阵挛palatal myoclonus
舞蹈症chorea
偏侧舞蹈症hemichorea
舞蹈徐动症choreoathetosis
颈静脉孔综合征jugular foramen syndrome
托洛萨-亨特综合征Tolosa-Hunt syndrome
胸出口综合征thoracic outlet syndrome
斯特奇-韦伯综合征Sturge-Weber syndrome
塔皮亚综合征Tapia syndrome
托德瘫痪Todd paralysis
迪谢内-埃尔布综合征Duchenne-Erb syndrome
可逆性脑缺血发作reversible ischemic attack
亚急性联合硬化subacute combined sclerosis
脊髓空洞症syringomyelia
脱髓鞘demyelination
视神经脊髓炎optical neuromyelitis
异染性脑白质营养不良metachromatic leukodystrophy
库夫斯病Kufs disease
比-扬病Bielschowsky-Jansky disease
约瑟夫病Joseph disease
神经炎neuritis
θ波θ-wave
棘慢复合波spike and slow wave complex
尖慢复合波sharp and slow wave complex
多棘慢复合波multiple spike and slow wave complex
三相波triphasic wave
高度节律失调hypsarrhythmia
终板电位end plate potential
脑干听觉诱发电位brainstem auditory evoked potential
视觉诱发电位visual evoked potential
闪光视觉诱发电位flash visual evoked potential
脊髓诱发电位spinal evoked potential
认知性事件相关电位cognitive event related potential
事件相关电位event related potential
痛性感觉缺失anesthesia dolorosa
温度觉缺失thermanesthesia
立体觉缺失stereoanesthesia
瘫痪paralysis
偏瘫hemiplegia
韦尼克-科尔萨科夫综合征Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
加桑综合征Garcin syndrome
脑炎encephalitis
蝶骨电极sphenoidal electrode
α波α-wave
δ波δ-wave
尖波sharp wave
损伤电位injury potential
偏瘫步态hemiplegic gait
科莱-西卡尔综合征Collet-Sicard syndrome
运动单位电位motor unit potential
肌束震颤fasciculation
肌肥大muscular hypertrophy
张力过低hypotonia
钟摆样反射pendular reflex
巴雷锥体束征Barre&1& pyramidal sign
共济失调步态ataxic gait
联合运动associated movement
痉挛性联带运动spastic synkinesia
轮替动作困难dysdiadochokinesia
痉挛性斜颈spasmodic torticollis
动作性震颤kinetic tremor
痉挛状态spasticity
瓦伦贝格综合征Wallenberg syndrome
德热里纳-鲁西综合征Dejerine-Roussy syndrome
丹迪-沃克综合征Dandy-Walker syndrome
阿诺德-基亚里畸形Arnold-Chiari malformation
阿尔斯特伦-海尔格伦综合征Alstrom-Hallgren syndrome
安东综合征Anton syndrome
卡恩斯-塞尔综合征Kearns-Sayre syndrome
失语[症]aphasia
运动性失语[症]motor aphasia
失写[症]agraphia
旋眼痉挛oculogyric spasm
辐辏痉挛convergence spasm
反向偏斜skew deviation
眼球浮动ocular bobbing
面肌抽搐facial tic
偏侧面肌痉挛hemifacial spasm
痛觉缺失analgesia
痛觉减退hypalgesia
痛觉过敏hyperalgesia
振动觉缺失pallanesthesia
定位觉缺失topoanesthesia
运动不能akinesia
运动障碍dyskinesia
运动减少hypokinesia
酒醉步态drunken gait
协同动作不能asynergia
腕足痉挛carpopedal spasm
牙关紧闭trismus
强直rigidity
痛性痉挛cramp
眼动危象oculogyric crisis
喉危象laryngeal crisis
莱尔米特征Lhermitte sign
施密特综合征Schmidt syndrome
艾萨克综合征Isaac syndrome
兰伯特-伊顿综合征Lambert-Eaton syndrome
霍纳综合征Horner syndrome
阿韦利斯综合征Avellis syndrome
[脑]卒中stroke
短暂性脑缺血发作transient ischemic attack
惊厥convulsion
大发作grand mal
全身发作generalized seizure
失神发作absence seizure
白质脑炎leukoencephalitis
急性播散性脑脊髓炎acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
克罗伊茨费尔特-雅各布病Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
肾上腺脑白质营养不良adrenoleukodystrophy
宾斯旺格病Binswanger disease
哈勒沃登-施帕茨病Hallervorden-Spatz disease
多肌炎polymyositis
骨化性肌炎myositis ossificans
肌病myopathy
进行性肌营养不良progressive muscular dystrophy
贝克肌营养不良Becker muscular dystrophy
线粒体肌病mitochondrial myopathy
先天性肌张力缺失congenital amyotonia
去神经电位denervation potential
正尖波positive sharp wave
肌纤维震颤fibrillation
巨大运动单位动作电位giant motor unit action potential
新生运动单位动作电位nascent motor unit action potential
颤抖jitter
迟发反应late response
H反射H reflex
嗜睡lethargy
感觉性失语[症]sensory aphasia
经皮质感觉性失语[症]transcortical sensory aphasia
命名性失语[症]nominal aphasia
杂乱性失语[症]jargon aphasia
结构性失用[症]constructional apraxia
失认[症]agnosia
听觉失认[症]auditory agnosia
视空间觉失认[症]visual-spatial agnosia
味觉缺失ageusia
味觉减退hypogeusia
味觉障碍dysgeusia
构音不全anarthria
延髓性麻痹bulbar paralysis
感觉迟钝dysesthesia
感觉缺失anesthesia
感觉减退hypesthesia
感觉异常paraesthesia
皮肤书写觉缺失graphanesthesia
松弛性瘫痪flaccid paralysis
痉挛性瘫痪spastic paralysis
麻痹palsy
轻瘫paresis
单瘫monoplegia
轻偏瘫hemiparesis
罗索利莫征Rossolimo sign
旋前征pronation sign
眼轮匝肌征orbicularis sign
莱里征Leri sign
迈耶征Mayer sign
特发性震颤essential tremor
意向性震颤intentional tremor
单肢投掷症monoballismus
畸形性肌张力障碍dystonia musculorum deformans
手足徐动症athetosis
偏侧萎缩hemiatrophy
植物状态vegetative state
去皮质强直decorticate rigidity
颈强直cervical rigidity
拉塞格征Lase&2&gue sign
麦克尤恩征MacEwen sign
构音困难手笨拙综合征dysarthria-clumsy hand syndrome
马里内斯科-舍格伦综合征Marinesco-Sjo&4&gren syndrome
盗血现象steal phenomenon
反盗血现象reverse steal phenomenon
锁骨下动脉盗血综合征subclavian steal syndrome
巨细胞动脉炎giant cell arteritis
脑软化cerebral malacia
猝倒[症]cataplexy
坏死性脊髓炎necrotic myelitis
上升性脊髓炎ascending myelitis
阿尔珀斯病Alpers disease
触觉失认[症]tactile agnosia
病感失认[症]anosognosia
齿轮样强直cogwheel rigidity
多肌阵挛polymyoclonus
偏侧投掷症hemiballismus
睡眠过度hypersomnia
脑梗死cerebral infarction
椎基底动脉供血不足vertebro-basilar artery insufficiency
过度灌注综合征luxury perfusion syndrome
感觉定侧不能allochiria
韦伯综合征Weber syndrome
迪谢内肌营养不良Duchenne muscular dystrophy
递减反应decrement response
感觉神经传导速度sensory nerve conduction velocity
躯体感觉诱发电位somatosensory evoked potential
伴随负电位contingent negative variation
托洛萨-亨特综合征,又称“痛性眼肌麻痹”tolosa hunt syndrome
[脑]卒中stroke, apoplexy
希尔德病,又称“弥漫性硬化”schilder disease:(diffuse sclerosis)
麻痹,瘫痪palsy, paralysis
假[性]延髓性麻痹pseudobulbar paralysis, pseudobulbar palsy
线状体肌病,又称“棒状体肌病”nemaline myopathy, rod myopathy
门克斯病又称:“钢发综合征”menkes disease(steely hair syndrome)
巴洛病,又称“同心圆性硬化”balo disease(concentric sclerosis)


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